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Center For Social Development (CSD)

Location: Imphal West and Chandel district, Manipur



Manipur is situated in the extreme eastern part of the north-eastern region bordering the country of Burma. Manipur remains isolated from the overall social and economic development of India compared to other mainland States of India. Agriculture and forestry are still the major means of livelihood. Mono crop cultivation is prevalent however; shifting cultivation is widely practiced in the hills. There is very little industrial development and what little there is, is extractive in nature. Industries are basically household or small-scale industries. Communication and other infrastructure are especially poor in the State. Due to lack of opportunities, there is a serious problem of unemployment.


* Manipur has witnessed regular annual outbreaks of cholera and other diarrheal diseases, measles, infectious hepatitis, malaria and encephalitis.

* The quality of drinking water available is unsafe and women and children have to walk long distances to fetch water for their homes.

* Violence against children in the family including sexual violence, a typical condition of collapsing social structures, is becoming endemic.

* Visible and drastic increase in child labor is notable. The high value of labor exposes the children to liquid cash without adult controls, catapulting the younger generation, into the clutches of drugs.


* CSD, as dynamic partner with other communities, is committed towards the development of people's capacity to improve and sustain their social, cultural, health, education, economic and environmental well being.

* The strategy adopted by CSD for broad cooperation is two-fold: (a) providing support and accompaniment to NGO's in a formal and structured manner. (b) Providing support in a non-structured manner i.e. organizing programs together in learning sessions.

* The Center for Social Development is working in the field of holistic development for the last 20 years.


* 39 child labor were included in children's collectives in Moreh. They are engaged in creative activities and are gaining confidence to share their life experience and issues among themselves.

* 37 children between 1-5 years are regular in the protection center in Moreh which serves as a day care where children are safe and secured when their parent/s are away at work. These parents are mostly day laborers, porters and petty business persons.

* 38 marginalized children from various ethnic communities in Moreh were linked to formal education. These children are mostly drop out orphans, HIV affected, landmine victims and seasonal child labor.

* 56 children were enrolled in private and government schools during this academic session.

* Activation of two sub-health centres in the operational area of Imphal West led to regular health check ups and availability of medicine at the community level.

* The community health workers like the ANM and ASHA have reached out to 447 children which are 330 more than last year in the same area.

* 393 children have been immunized in the operational area this year.




The Centre for Social Development (CSD) came into existence in the year 1985, when a group of young, energetic professionals came together to work towards bringing positive changes in the social conditions of Manipur.  In the beginning, CSD worked on specific issues of community development, drug abuse, HIV/AIDS in the State. CSD is now involved in non-structured partnership focusing on local issues with common work agenda with 210 CBOs, 4 NGOs and 22 networks of People's Organizations. The Project Holder, U. Nobokishore Singh, is well conversant with grass root realities and has been playing a significant role in the area of peace settlement in the State. In last 3 years it has expanded its intervention to 32 NGOs in 6 States of North Eastern region excluding Tripura on issues of globalization, conflict resolution, building local capacity for peace and conflict transformation, gender and HIV/AIDS.  It has also initiated a NGO Support Unit. The role of the unit is to identify and work towards building understanding and skill of the CBOs/POs and NGOs.  The unit has contributed significantly in creating people's platform and forums for dialogue and sharing. The strategy adopted by CSD for this broad cooperation is twofold: (a) providing support and accompaniment to NGOs in a formal and structured manner. (b) Providing support in a non-structured manner i.e. organizing programs together in learning sessions. CSD in partnership with CRY is operating in 10 villages of Imphal West district and 9 wards of Chandel district, Manipur.


The proposed area comprises of 15 villages located at the foothills of the Senapati District where various communities like SC, ST and OBC live together.  The area lacks educational facilities as there is a dearth of Government institution and those existing are not properly functioning. Most of them are compelled to send their children to private schools which are expensive. Since these schools are at distant places, drop out especially among girls are quite common. There are 3 primary and 2 junior high schools in the area. Agriculture is the main occupation but very few people own land to cultivate. According to Rapid Situation Assessment conducted in Imphal by UNDCP, it has been estimated that there are about 14,000 (approx.) drug users in Imphal city alone. There are 1429 HIV positive children in the age group of 0-18. Most of the girls and women (widowed by AIDS) are the victims of social stigma and discrimination. Children of this region are witnesses, survivors and direct victims of armed conflict, drug addiction and HIV infection and AIDS death. Violations of civil rights, including the right to life have become daily routine. The children and youth become the victim of casualty in the crossfire every so often. The increase in heroin addiction and other psycho-social problems like conflict situations, unemployment, lack of basic services etc has raised the suicide rate among adolescents and youth. Manipur has witnessed regular annual outbreaks of cholera and other diarrhoeal diseases, measles, infectious hepatitis, malaria and encephalitis. The quality of drinking water available is unsafe and women and children have to walk long distances to fetch water for their homes.


  • To increase the socio-economic condition and health of the people
  • To reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS and strengthen the capacity of HIV+ friends specially women for their dignity and rights.
  • To initiate peace building process by working on conflict.
  • To identify the areas of advocacy and undertake advocacy and policy influencing


The Center for Social Development is working in the field of gender, HIV/AIDS prevention, drug de-addiction, rehabilitation and people based community development programmes for last 20 years. The organization also has good experiences on child right and holistic issues of the state. They have the inbuilt mechanism for mass mobilization at community level. They have well established rapport with the local community and have experience of mass mobilization on issues affecting children and youth. They also have a good experience of working in conflict situations.

  • 48 children in Imphal and 19 child labours in Moreh Town werwe enrolled in formal school,
  • 8 child labourers were completely mainstreamed,
  • 41 child labourers are enrolled in children clubs to integrate with mainstreamed children.
  • 17 dropouts were retained at formal schools
  • Health checkups were ensured for 74 pregnant women and 77 children including immunization of 637 children.
  • 25 marginalised children are being sponsored by community organization and 8 cases are being sponsored by the school authority.
  • 211 children were participated in the children cultural program.Children's participation with parents were encouraged.


The CRY partner plans to focus on the following areas to attain its goals and objectives towards realization of child rights -

  • Direct engagement with children to develop the collective child friendly platform
  • Unionization and mass mobilisation of various forums at operational area on the issue of child right and human rights
  • Capacity building of the leaders/ community leaders- representatives, for understanding on child right centricity/ holistic approach of development
  • Interface of the people's organisation with the system for ensuring the effective implementation of the government development work

Budget summary:

Particulars Amount (US $)
Right to Development 7,404
Right to Survival 4,271
Right to Protection 3,417
Right to Participation 7,973
Administration 5,411
Total 28,477


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