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Society for Promotion of Rural Education and Development [SPREAD]

Location: 13 villages of Koraput district, Odisha



Scheduled Castes and Tribes form a large chunk of the population in Koraput district. Due to industrial establishments, the tribal people are alienated from local natural resources by way of mass displacement. It has ruined the cultural, economic, political and social base of the tribal society leading to landlessness and loss of livelihood. Non tribal forces have penetrated tribal society and gained control over their economic structure.


• Public Distribution System and other social security schemes defunct

• Tribal community has little or no political rights

• Inadequate settlement schemes result in socio-economic burden on the displaced families causing bondage in child labor, high drop out rate and malnutrition


• Create people's demand for Government infrastructure and services in the areas of health, education and child protection

• Reduce child labor

• Increase community participation in monitoring the health and education system

• Enhancing livelihood options


• 59 birth certificates were issued for new born children in 12 intervention villages.

• 193 beneficiaries from 6 operational villages applied job under MNREGA and got 3320 man days work.

• 9 villages are managing their own grain bank at the village level. 

• 12 (Boys-08 and Girls-04) drop out children were mainstreamed to formal schooling.




SPREAD was founded by Mr. Bidyut Mohanty along with some likeminded people in 1989 with a commitment to work for the betterment of underprivileged population with focus on development of tribals in Koraput district of Odisha. In initial years of intervention, the project team focused on the problems of the displaced tribal population, those who have been deprived of their homes and livelihood due to loss of land and common property to make way for a major hydro-electric project, Damanjodi by NALCO. With the insights gained from this intervention, the organization expanded its work to the displaced communities of two other projects, Kolab and Machhkund. Mr. Bidyut Mohanty, the Project Holder has been working in the development sector for the last 15 years on the issues of gender, participatory approach, advocacy and Programme Monitoring and Evaluation. He started work with Dalit children of slums in Bhubaneswar and has been associated with 'Agragami' on the issues of tribals. SPREAD became a CRY supported partner from 2005-06.


Koraput district is located in the backward Koraput- Bolangir- Kalahandi (KBK) region of Odisha. The district is predominantly populated by scheduled tribes and falls under the Scheduled Area. All the blocks are Integrated Tribal Development Agency (ITDA) blocks. The tribes which pre-dominantly populate Koraput region are Kandhas, Sauras, Sabras, Bhottoda, Bhumiyas, Parajs, and Gadabas. Literacy rates are below the state and National averages.  Female literacy is only 25%. PDS and other social security schemes are defunct. The Panchayat Raj Institutions in the region is not active. Operational area has 60% of tribal population. 35% children are malnourished. Unilateral education system in terms of same language and contents for all the community has created some discomfort among tribal children to continue in the education system. Secondly tribal community is not able to link this education process with their way of livelihood for survival and hence is moving out from elementary education. Economic constraints are another major reason for drop outs.  Children are involved in household, agriculture and animal husbandry work.


  • To ensure livelihood through rights over land and access to entitlements to the excluded groups thus ensuring child rights.
  • To reduce malnutrition among 0-6 age group children for improvement of physical & mental health.
  • To ensure quality education and introduce teaching of local tribal culture & systems in the formal education system.
  • To promote awareness among men and women to counter the social evils like untouchability, casteism, dowry, bride burning, drug abuse prevention, prohibition etc.


SPREAD is working in the backward villages of Koraput district in Odisha with focus on issue of development of displaced tribal communities. Since inception they have been addressing livelihood issues for these communities to ensure overall development for them and their children. The major programs taken up by SPREAD are:

  • Ensured land patta entitlements to land less families of the project village.
  • Six village meetings held and two GP level trainings conducted for the beneficiaries.
  • Interface with Block Disctrict Officer to get work and payment on right time for six times.
  • BPL Survey process conducted at GP level where there were 78 participants.
  • 53 malnourished children were given additional dry food from ICDS centres.
  • One school developed in Badakichab as a model school
  • Regular follow up done for ensuring quality education in six out of seven schools.


This year SPREAD plans to focus on the following areas:

  • Regular weight tracking of 473 children in 24 project villages for identification of actual health status and there on ensuring their deserved entitlements under ICDS.
  • Training of Anganwadi workers, Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA), members of mother committees on ICDS services. Identification and capacity building of the mother committee members.
  • Media Advocacy- Highlighting issues of malnutrition and low birth weight in the area and advocate for better ICDS cervices.
  • Ensuring proper prescribed pre-school and cooked food distribution services in 7 AWC in the project area.
  • Ensure advocacy for inclusion of the document on tribal culture and practices as teaching text in the schools situated in the tribal areas of district.
  • Developing 4 model schools in 4 operational villages in terms of - 100% enrolment, no drop outs through the year, regularity in attendance, proper infrastructure prescribed under SSA with school boundary, drinking water & toilet facility, clean school environment, quality MDM and quality teaching learning materials.

Budget summary:

Particulars Amount (US $)
Right to Development 3,848
Right to Survival 1,506
Right to Protection 502
Right to Participation 7,193
Administration 3,680
Total 16,729


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