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23 Slums of Jamshedpur district of Jharkhand, India
Thematic Intervention: Education, Protection


ASES has been implementing CRY project in 23 slums of Jamshedpur city of Jharkhand state. In the operational area ASES is working with 3328 families covering 5716 child population (0-18 years). The project holder Smt. Prabha Jaiswal, started Adarsh Seva Sansthan with a few like-minded people and started working in slums since March 1987 with imparting non-formal education to about 45 children of NTT bastee. Later on, it was extended to other bastees. ASES observed several health issues of children attending the school and then also took up initiative to improve health status in slums. It started day care centre for children of laborers and coaching classes as part of education program. ASES activities in the slums are mainly aimed at ensuring child right through a strengthened community. In rural areas with non-formal education it works on education, local governance and women empowerment.

Key Issues Addressed:

Education: There are 22 ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services)centers in the area where 529 children are enrolled out of total 749 children in 3- 6 years age group. Most of the centers have around 20-25 children in the Balwadi register. The centers do not open every day and meal is also not provided daily. Centers lack their own building and are running either in Sevika’s house or in Sahayika’s house. Primary School Education is not regularized in the centres though Teaching and Learning Material (TLM) is provided. The social environment of the slums is not very conducive for adolescents, mainly for girls to continue their education. The parents insist more on earning rather than continuing their education, and this become a practice. The poor status of school infrastructure is one of the most significant compelling factors to push them away. Lack of motivation and absence of goal setting is another reason for dropping out. Another factor contributing to the problem is the necessity of developing for addressing the issues of slow learners. Slow learners need support to continue their education. The motivation and encouragement is also missing for these set of children.

Protection: Protection of children is always been a challenging issues so far situation of slums programme area is concerned. The most prominent child protections issues exist in the operational area are child labor and child marriage. The interesting fact is that in some families the children are working as labor in different forms and then attending school too. The reasons for this is that children left school and engaged in work to support family income and it is also socially accepted due to low incomes in families. It is also seen that as the schools do not have an environment of learning so the children get detached with school and opt for work as wage earning is available due to cheap labor. Child marriage which is a social evil is also a serious child protection issue. Adolescent group especially the girls become victim of this and there is negative effect. Parents see this as a measure of protection for their girl children. As children started earning income so they take the decision to marry by themselves and there is less protest within family and community


  • To ensure 100% children are enrolled in schools.
  • To ensure 100% children are retained in schools.
  • Reduction in child labor in villages/slums in intervention areas.
  • Preventive programs implemented for addressing child marriage (addressing children 10-18 yrs) through a comprehensive program.

Achievements & Impact in the Review Period

Over the long period of partnership in urban slums, Adarsh Seva Sansthan has impacted the life of children through its quality of work and intervention. Last year it took up several capacity building initiatives and thus prepared the stakeholders, especially the children, women’s groups and leaders, ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) , children’s group, School Management Committees to come forward and meet the challenges with advance linkage and back up support from the organization. It has also established strategic relationship with government and has created space in committees and is using this to their advantage for addressing the child rights issues. Through in-depth programming it has built capacity of communities to demand the services, develop collective plan, raise issues at different levels, prepare staff of organization to meet the challenges etc. Some of the achievements last year are as follows: Related to 3- 6 years children

Major achievements in the year include:

  • ASES ensured 100% attendance in 11 ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services)centers in the area. It led child tracking and conducted regular meetings with mothers on importance of pre-school education in early childhood. This made them understand about the need to regularly send the children in centres and access services. AWW (Anganwadi workers) conducted regular meetings with mothers which motivated mothers of the absentee children.
  • 53 children enrolled in ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services)centres in Jamshedpur and Dhabi. The team identified irregular and out of ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services)children through regular child tracking. Formal meetings helped in identifying the reasons for dropout and non enrolment. Women’s group members and AWW (Anganwadi workers) not only decided to ensure enrolment during these meetings but also met with the mothers of out of ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) children and convinced the family which led to enrollment of 53 children out of 317.

  • Women’s group submitted a demand letter to CDPO(Child Development Project officer) for opening of 4 new ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) and maintenance of 2 ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services)centers. Out of ICDS children were tracked and reasons for this identified and analysed through formal and informal meetings with community members and committee members. Meetings with women’s group and leaders conducted, the central level workshop for mobilising the slum leaders was decided for a platform to share, debate and finally came out with the point of action.
  • CDPO issued order for follow up and monitoring of the services provided in ICD centers. The demand was raised by women’s group on regular service of Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) in ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services). The challenges for ensuring enrolment and retention in ICDS(Integrated Child Development Services)was observed for various reasons like; the sudden unavailability of Hot Cooked Meals in the centres (continued for 5 months), absence of the ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) workers in centres due to other administrative work assigned to them i.e. process of making voter card, ration card, census data requirements etc.
  • Related to 6-14 years children
  • Team visited schools to ascertain the situation of schools and its environment. Family level counselling and individual counselling was done that resulted in re-enrolment of 116 working children in schools and enrolment of 324 children in schools with proactive involvement of SMC (School Management Committee) and teachers.
  • Ensured proactive role of 6 school management committee towards enrolment/re-enrolment, monitoring of the school and infrastructural requirements/status. SMC (School Management Committee) s in the 7 schools of Jamshedpur slum area has been oriented on their role responsibility in planning and monitoring towards ensuring enrolment, retention and infrastructure.
  • Out of 141 identified child labors, 39 child labors re-enrolled in school. The team facilitated family level counselling and individual counselling of these children. Among these 39 children 11 children have left work completely and are continuing their education in schools.


In relation to 3-6 years

  • Stakeholders; i.e. ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services)workers, supervisor, Child Development Project Officer (CDPO) and committees at the community level is taking responsibilities and ensuring enrolment of children in the centre. This will be achieved through-
    • Enrolment of identified out of ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services)centre children;
    • Awareness generation meetings and campaigns within community on importance of six services and PSE;
    • Identification of families need Pre-School Education(PSE) through tracking and counselling the mothers;
    • Frequent meeting with Child Development Project Officer (CDPO)at office to share update on status of children and taking permissions for conducting trainings of the ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) on PSE; and,
    • Capacity building of the ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services)workers on role and responsibility and PSE; assisting them in counselling of mothers for enrolment of children in ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) or PSE.
    • 5 model ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services)centres to be ensured, providing pre-school education on regular basis as per the routine. For this purpose the team will build capacity of AWW (Anganwadi workers) on Early Childhood Development (focusing on PSE); assisting AWW (Anganwadi workers) in regularising PSE routine in ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services)centres; celebrating Parents day - exhibition of the crafts and drawings by children in centres in order to share the learning outcome and motivate parents.
    • Community monitoring committees (Mata Samiti, Basti leaders group/Prime Movers) are monitoring the service delivery at the AWC(Anganwadi centre) as per the Child Development Project Officer (CDPO) order.

Related to 6-14 years children –

  • School Management Committee is developing plan of action to ensure enrolment of dropout children and implementing the same. This will be contributed through meeting with School Management Committee and sharing status of dropout children; capacity building of SMC (School Management Committee) on their role and responsibility and organising meeting with ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) workers and SMC to hand over names of the eligible children for enrolment.
  • At least 60% of the enrolled children are retained in schools with active involvement of SMC members and teachers. Planned activities are –
    • Assessment of Prayas implementation in the schools
    • Capacity Building of teachers and SMC in implementing Prayas programme
    • Meeting with SMC and teachers to work on inclusion of extra
    • curriculum activities in the routine
    • Assisting SMC and teachers towards developing School Development Programme to ensure retention
    • Negotiation with SMC and teachers for identification of slow learners and providing support to ensure retention
    • Family counselling of the potential drop outs/ irregular children by the SMC members.

Child labor
Related to 6-14 years children

  • Children’s group to become well oriented on the issues of child labor and take lead in organising awareness programmes to motivate and encourage identified working children on education. This will be contributed through meetings with children’s group to identify child laborers.
  • Monthly meeting of Bal Samsad/Children's group; creative learning sessions for motivating and engaging children into education; publication of Picture book- amplifying voices of the children through a pictorial magazine reflecting "Life" of working children from their perspective; conducting Nukkad Natak/children's cultural events ;

Child Marriage - Related to 10-18 years children-

  • The incidents of child marriage are reducing through awareness creation in the community on implication of child marriage and the importance of continuing education.
  • Children’s groups have become strengthened, well oriented in protection aspects and are equipped to take decisions. Activities undertaken will include identification of vulnerable households by children group; orientation of Bal Samsad on protection issues and legal aspects, information on Child Line; activating the self help mechanism for their protection; workshop on life skills with identified vulnerable children and selected Bal Samsad leaders; assisting children groups in conducting awareness campaigns/meetings on child labor and child marriage issues at slums to support their leadership qualities.


  • Right to Education
  • Right to Protection
  • Administration
  • Total Grant Approved