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Location

23 Slums of Jamshedpur district of Jharkhand
Thematic Focus: Education, Protection


Background of the Project

ASES has been implementing the CRY project in 23 slums of Jamshedpur city of Jharkhand state. The project holder Mrs. Prabha Jaiswal started Adarsh Seva Sansthan and has been working with the urban deprived groups since March 1987. Initially she was focused on imparting non-formal education to about 45 children of Shidhu Kanhu basti and later extended her program to other bastis. ASES also worked on the health issues of children and took up initiatives to improve the health status in the slums. A day-care center for children of laborers was started along with coaching classes for school going children. For a sustainable community it focused on building community based organizations and integrated other programs like women empowerment, adolescent awareness and networking with organizations and stakeholders. ASES’ activities in the slums are mainly aimed at ensuring child rights through a strengthened community. In rural areas it works on education, local governance and women empowerment.

Problem Statement:


In the operational area ASES is working with 3,328 families covering 6,538 children. All the slums have primary schools. But the status of infrastructure in the schools is very poor with incomplete buildings, leaking roofs and broken floors and inadequacy of teachers. The School Management Committees (SMCs) are inactive with limited interest in the academic performance of children. As parents go to work, girl children are forced to stay at home to take care of younger siblings and do the domestic work. Upper primary schools are located away from their homes and hence parents prefer to keep girls at home fearing for their safety. As a result the rate of school drop - out is high in the operational area. The incidence of child marriage is also very high in the operational area mainly caused by lack of continuation of schooling. When girls drop out of school parents feel it is better to get them married off. Instance of live in relationships is also high amongst children in the age group of 15 to 18 years.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: 100 % children of 3 to 6 years are enrolled and retained in ICDS for accessing PSE (pre-school education) and ready for transition to primary schools.

* Identification of out of ICDS children through regular tracking and meeting for proactive engagement with families and parents at slum level and motivating the families towards enrolment of their children in ICDS to access the basic services of ICDS with thrust on pre-school education.
* Conduct follow up liaison for new ICDS Center with the district and state level officials. Dialoguing with Tata Industry for securing the no objection certificate for the building of ICDS Center.
* Assisting ICDS workers in regularizing routine wise pre-school education in 3 model ICDS and 20 other ICDS.
* Meeting with Child Development Protection Officer (CDPO) for implementation of pre-school education routine & re-formation of Mata Samiti (mother’s collective) in ICDS.

* Drop out/ irregular children are being tracked with the help of tab and home visits/ mobilizations. A total of 96 children are identified as out of ICDS center through survey and tracking done in the intervention area.
* Advocacy process has been initiated in the area of identification of community places to be developed as ICDS centers.
* Home visits and Counseling of irregular children are being carried away mostly by adolescent girls and boys of the children-groups.
* Further on, discussions have been made to capture data from schools which are not in operational areas. The ones close by the project areas will help in identifying the regularity & drop of children from peripheries and the ones from more distance will help in benchmarking intervention performance.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: 100% enrolment and retention of children in the schools in the age group of 6-14.

* Home visits to be done to homes of 27 drop out children and for Counseling.
* 23 Balsansad & Bal Sangathan meetings to be conducted.
* One interface meetings to be organized with teachers, SMC (School Management Committee) members & drop out children’s families to ensure re-enrolment of drop-out children.
* Mobilization of the community to be done through meetings of the community based organizations, mothers committee on monitoring of schools, book distribution, children regularity etc.
* The School Development Plan of 3 schools to be in place as per format and norms.

* Out of 276 drop-outs, 120 children were re-enrolled in the schools. One on one interaction was organized for drop-out children for continuation of education. Teachers and opinion leaders (Mr. S P Singh) also motivated children and their parents for education and advised them for immediate action needed to be taken for re-enrolment.
* SMC meetings were held in which 101 members participated from the slum areas of 3 clusters. The main objective were
? Motivation of drop-out children and their parents through interaction of teachers for re-enrolment in the school and retention.
? To involve parents as key associates of their children in supporting them towards their education and resolute their problems with the help of SMCs.
* Stakeholders at different levels were sensitized on children’s education and their impact on society. As a result of the process. Children got opportunity to interact with each other on education, and 25 dropped out among them agreed and got them re-enrolled in schools.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: Reduction of identified 96 Child labor in 23 slums

* Organize one-to-one interaction with all the identified child labor and their families and prioritizing the list of child labor where mainstreaming could be possible and arrange case specific intervention of those children through Counseling and linking.
* Regular networking with Child Line, Police, Councilors, Schools for case specific intervention (wherever required) on rescue and restoration.
* Creative learning sessions to be conducted with 10 children groups.

* 488 children along with 151 adolescent girls from the project area attended the interaction in separate sessions on child rights.
* Regular tracking is done for Child labors and potential child marriages.
* A girls’ team is being formed for playing soccer to break varied stereotyping and gender adverse norms prevailing in the communities.
* In varied platforms, the adolescent leaders are getting opportunities to talk and are able to raise their voices in the public domain. 12 adolescents raised their voices in external platforms.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: Preventive programs implemented in program areas for addressing child marriage through a comprehensive program.

* Identify the vulnerable children who are prone to getting married and tracking individual cases of planned child marriage by household visit and providing support.
* Organize campaign against child marriage through conducting Bal Sangathan meetings in 23 slums.
* Conduct awareness generation meeting with the community on the schemes available under Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) for continuation of study for the girl children in the age-group of15- 18 years.)

* Girls in 12-18 years age-group, vulnerable to child marriages were identified. The project team along with members of adolescent groups always rendered support in terms of continuation of regular education and motivational supports to families.
* Community level awareness building sessions were held through community level meetings. All the events witnessed by community members.
* Total 56 Parents and Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) were trained on CRY’s abridged version modules especially on chapters of ‘’parents and families roles’’ in a child’s life and ‘’children related violence- child labor, child marriage etc.

A Story from the project: Sheila raised her voice against her own father…..


A case of sexual abuse of a 5-year-old girl was registered at Birsa Basti, in East Singhbhum on 09th August 2019 through Child Line, with the support of the Anganwadi. Sheila (name changed), the daughter of the accused and a member of the CRY’s adolescent girls group, played a leading and pivotal role in taking up the case. The prompt effort taken by Sheila resulted in detailing of the accused and registration of an FIR with police under the POCSO Act. Sheila Kumari is a 15 years old girl and a resident of Birsa Basti in Sonari area of Jamshedpur city. She is a 7th grade dropout student of Dayanand Aryavaidic Middle School. She left her studies 4-months back due to her health problem. However, Sheila is an active member of the Adolescent-Group. Sheila has a younger brother who studies in a boarding school. Her mother and father are daily laborers. However, the father spends most of his time in alcohol and gambling. Sheila does not like her father's antics and because of these very reasons, she leaves home after her mother goes to work and returns only after her mother is back from work.
Something similar happened on the morning of 09th August 2019. After her mother went to work, Sheila moved out of the house to a relative's place. After she left, Sheila's father took a 4-year-old girl to their residence, on the pretext of giving her biscuits and chocolate and was trying to sexually abuse her. The little girl was a guest in a neighboring family who had arrived a few days earlier from the village and was playing in front of their house). Around the same time Sheila came home for some work and found the door closed from inside. Knowing about her father's tricks, she was suspicious and forced her father to open the door by screaming. She watched the room and realized that something was probably wrong. She was little aware from the discussion she had attended a few days ago, which was conducted by ADARSH Seva Sansthan on child rights and child rights issues with the children of the Basti. The meeting especially dealt with the issue of child safety and the kind of vigilance is required to prevent such cases and how a person can prevent it from taking place. Immediately, Sheila went to the Anganwadi Worker (AWW) with the little girl without delay and explained the scenario. Since the little girl could speak only ‘Ho’ language, the AWW took information from her in the same language. After getting the definite information, the AWW contacted Sheila's mother and the wife of the accused by phone and gave this information. To which, her mother said that she will return from work and see what can be done next. Till then she instructed the anganwadi worker not to provide any information about this incident to anyone.


Considering the seriousness of the situation, the AWW approached her ‘Didi’ (Lakkhi and Usha) from Adarsh Seva Sansthan. After the support and advice of ASES, Sheila along with the AWW filed a case in child line-1098. Taking further actions, the Child Line approached the Child Welfare Committee, East Singhbhum. The chairperson and members of Child Welfare Committee (Treasurer of ASES is one of the members of CWC) took the information about the incident from the victim and Sheila in purview of child-friendly procedures. Stating about the incident, Sheila kept her father's antics and motives clearly in front of everyone and talked about appropriate punishment for her father immediately. A team from Sonari police station/Jamshedpur came forward to search and arrest the alleged perpetrator under POCSO. Due to the sensibility and efforts of Sheila, her father is in police custody today. The residents of the village had a meeting in which they criticized the incident. They praised Sheila for her bravery and also decided to honor her at a major event that was to be held in the town.
However, these incidents have had negative effects in Sheila's life. Sheila's mother went against her. She is not ready to take her at home, she says to Sheila: ‘’you have sent your father to jail; you will bring him back and only then can step into the house.’’ Her father has some close friends in the village who are angry with her and threaten her also. Sheila presently naïve and too scared as well. Considering Sheila's safety challenge, she has just been placed in the Child Line, where she is being regularly counseled to stay in a residential school and pursue further studies. Her mother is also being persuaded to adopt her daughter. Also, Adarsh Seva Sansthan is taking care of Sheila’s further education and well-being and has also approached the Deputy Commissioner of East Singhbhum to honor her with a bravery award or any other similar award, for her courageous efforts.
Note: many other details couldn’t be placed up considering the sensitivity of the case. Name of the protagonist was altered. Pictures couldn’t be shared up.

Plans


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

In 23 urban slums, 100% children are enrolled and retained in Pre-school Education.

* Monitor 4 schools in Jamshedpur enrolled into the Samagra Siksha Abhiyan (SSA, a comprehensive education campaign) to track regularity of children aged 3-6 years, and ensure any drop outs are re-enrolled.
* Organize a meeting with the community for generating demands for infrastructural support in ICDS Anganwadis in 23 slums of Jamshedpur.
* Liaising and advocacy with dept. for the regular training program of ICDS workers.
* Establishing ASES as one of the resources for ICDS- training programs.
* Conduct a gap assessment study of provisions under Samagra Shiksha Abhiyaan vis-à-vis actuals facilities & services under ICDS.

In 23 urban slums, 100% children aged 6-14 years are enrolled and retained in schools.

* Maintain tracking of children in schools in the project area for identification of drop-out/ irregular children. And conduct Home Visit & Counseling of irregular/ dropout children and their parents.
* Facilitate monthly SMC Meetings in the project area to share status of dropouts and irregular children and child related issues at school level.
* Organize joint interface meetings with teachers, SMC members and parents of drop out children towards re-enrolment in school and their retention and ensure 100% attendance.
* Facilitate meeting of Children Collectives in schools & slums to identify irregular/ drop-out children, especially girls.
* Organize Children’s Parliament on RTE norms to motivate identified dropped-outs and children in terminal classes for 100% enrolment & transition.

90% adolescent girls’ (aged 15-18 years) are enrolled and retained in schools in 23 urban slums.

* * Maintain a system of regular tracking and Counseling of girl children reporting low attendance in all schools in the project area with the support of teachers, communities, adolescent groups, etc.
* Prepare an individual care plan with all the registered child labors and potential cases of child marriages, in consultation with families.
* Mainstream child labor in all possible cases through Counseling and liaison with schools and education department officials. * Conduct orientation of children collectives’ leaders on education themes and guide them on developing plan of actions and executing them towards 100% enrolment & retention of adolescent girls.
* Liaise and interface with Child Line, Labor department, Schools for case specific intervention, wherever required, on rescue and restoration.



Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Preventive programs implemented in 23 villages for addressing child labor issue.

* Organize community meetings to sensitize members on the problems with child labor, and take support for monitoring children in / at risk of becoming child labor, and intervene through Counseling and connecting them to welfare schemes of govt.
* Conduct adolescent group leaders meeting to capacitate and facilitate them, with assistance of stakeholders to help them take actions.
* Organize interface meeting with Child Line, Labor department, schools, PRIs, and other govt. officials for case specific intervention (wherever required) for rescue & restoration.
* Liaison with Jharkhand State Child Protection Society for the formation of child protection committee (CPCs) in urban slums.

Preventive programs implemented in program areas for addressing child marriage

* Organize awareness sessions with community/ parents and other stakeholders on gender stereotyping and equal participation rights of girls and boys.
* Organize meeting with adolescent girls in the age-group of 14-18 years on child marriage issue for identification of children vulnerable to child marriage, facilitate peer support and adolescent collective’s action.
* Conduct community sensitization meeting on the Prevention of Child Marriage Act, POCSO and significant of continuing education, using different IEC materials, wall writing, etc.
* Organize interface meetings with DCPUs, CWCs, SJPUs and other stakeholders for support in campaign against child marriage.
* Conduct Need Assessment of type of sporting activities which can be initiated to avert child marriage, and provide sports materials/attires to adolescent girls.

Financial Summary: January to December 2020


Budget Breakup 2020

Education

6,912

32%

Protection

6,912

32%

Administration

7,562

36%

Total Grant Approved

21,386

100%