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Location

23 Slums of Jamshedpur district of Jharkhand
Thematic Focus: Education, Protection


Background of the Project

ASES has been implementing the CRY project in 23 slums of Jamshedpur city of Jharkhand state. The project holder Mrs. Prabha Jaiswal started Adarsh Seva Sansthan and has been working with the urban deprived groups since March 1987. Initially she was focused on imparting non-formal education to about 45 children of Shidhu Kanhu basti and later extended her program to other bastis. ASES also worked on the health issues of children and took up initiatives to improve the health status in the slums. A day-care center for children of laborers was started along with coaching classes for school going children. For a sustainable community it focused on building community based organizations and integrated other programs like women empowerment, adolescent awareness and networking with organizations and stakeholders. ASES’ activities in the slums are mainly aimed at ensuring child rights through a strengthened community. In rural areas it works on education, local governance and women empowerment.

Problem Statement:


In the operational area ASES is working with 3,328 families covering 6,538 children. All the slums have primary schools. But the status of infrastructure in the schools is very poor with incomplete buildings, leaking roofs and broken floors and inadequacy of teachers. The School Management Committees (SMCs) are inactive with limited interest in the academic performance of children. As parents go to work, girl children are forced to stay at home to take care of younger siblings and do the domestic work. Upper primary schools are located away from their homes and hence parents prefer to keep girls at home fearing for their safety. As a result the rate of school drop - out is high in the operational area. The incidence of child marriage is also very high in the operational area mainly caused by lack of continuation of schooling. When girls drop out of school parents feel it is better to get them married off. Instance of live in relationships is also high amongst children in the age group of 15 to 18 years.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: In 23 urban slums, 100% children aged 6-14 years are enrolled and retained in schools.schools.

● Maintain tracking of children in schools in the project area for identification of drop-out / irregular children. And conduct Home Visit & counseling of irregular / dropout children and their parents.
● Facilitate monthly SMC Meetings in the project area to share status of dropouts and irregular children and child related issues at school level.
● Organize joint interface meetings with teachers, SMC members and parents of drop out children towards re-enrolment in school and their retention and ensure 100% attendance.
● Facilitate meeting of Children Collectives in schools & slums to identify irregular/ drop-out children, especially girls.
● Organize Children’s Parliament on RTE norms to motivate identified dropped-outs and children in terminal classes for 100% enrolment & transition.

● 129 (M-80, F-49) irregular children were identified through meetings of Bal Sangathan at Basti and school. 11 vulnerable children (orphan child and children belonging of single parent) were being supported under child sponsorship program from government
● 500 home visits and 50 counseling sessions of irregular/ drop-out children were conducted regularly as per the list.
● Meetings were done and dropout lists were shared with SMCs of all 4 schools that resulted in 100 dropouts children (boys 41 and girls 59) being re-enrolled in the schools.
● One enrolment and motivational camp was organized for the identified dropped-out and transited children from Primary to Upper Primary. 32 Drop out, 2 transit and 3 un-enrolled children attended the enrolment and motivational camp in which 21 children were enrolled in the different schools.
● One joint interface meeting was done with Teachers, SMC members and parents of drop out children towards re-enrolment in school and their retention. The list of dropouts of children in age group 6-18 years was submitted to DSE, East Singhbhum.
● 12 teachers-parents meeting at school level were organized regarding 100% attendance of children. This made child attendance in 4 govt. schools more than 65-70% on an average.
● Meetings with children collectives and children parliaments were regularly organized separately/jointly to identify and mainstream drop outs. This enabled 88 drop out children identified in the age group of 15-18 years at basti level.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: 90% adolescent girls’ (aged 15-18 years) are enrolled and retained in schools.

● Maintain a system of regular tracking and counseling of girl children reporting low attendance in all schools in the project area with the support of teachers, communities, adolescent groups, etc.
● Conduct orientation of children collectives’ leaders on education themes and guide them on developing plan of actions and executing them towards 100% enrolment & retention of adolescent girls.

● 66 awareness sessions were conducted on adolescent re-productive health with adolescent girls and sessions on self-identity, creative thinking, proactive thinking, gender discrimination with adolescent boys and girls under child centric module. These were attended by a total of 1,651 children. Sessions were also conducted on leadership development among Baal Sangathan in which 86 children participated.
● 500 home visits and 50 counseling sessions of irregular/ drop-out children were conducted regularly as per the list. As per current status, 56 girls got enrolled/ re-enrolled.
● New Baal Sangathan groups/ adolescent (girls) groups were formed in the operational area to extend their strength. There are 23 active Baal Sangathan with 509 (195M, 314F) children members in the children collectives. There are 14 Adolescent Girls Groups with 214 Girl members.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: Preventive programs implemented in 23 villages for addressing child labor issue.

● Organize community meetings to sensitize members on the problems with child labor, and take support for monitoring children in / at risk of becoming child labor, and intervene through counseling and connecting them to welfare schemes of govt.
● Conduct adolescent group leaders meeting to capacitate and facilitate them, with assistance of stakeholders to help them take actions.
● Organize interface meeting with Child Line, Labor department, schools, PRIs, and other govt. officials for case specific intervention (wherever required) for rescue & restoration.
● Liaison with Jharkhand State Child Protection Society for the formation of child protection committee (CPCs) in urban slums.

● 160 child labors were identified in the area among which 85 are of 6-14 years and 75 are in the age group of 15-18 years. Among them 52 child labor were mainstreamed in education through admission in residential bridge course (RBC) camp school, regular schools and in few coaching centers after categorization of different types of child labor.
● The list of child labor has been updated every quarter. Each child was counseled along with their caregivers sometimes even with their employers. Individual plan drafted for each child with timelines and accordingly tracked.
o Household level assessment undertaken to capture critical data on income generations of household, migration, enrolment and regularities of children in post-covid etc.
o Post Covid19, there are possibilities that mainstreamed children could be dropped out or regular children might become irregular. At present, few children are working in petty and seasonal- businesses (mostly above 14 years age), who are also members of children collectives.
o Children collective leaders visit communities and impart training. The child laborers are enrolled in these activities.
o Child laborers are getting involved in nukkad natak (street plays) activities focusing on child right issues, etc. It has been seen that engaging these vulnerable children into varied activities and providing them a space of interactions amidst their peers impact them in a very positive manner. Altogether, 8 child laborers who were a part of children collectives got mainstreamed.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: Preventive programs implemented in program areas for addressing child marriage

● Organize awareness sessions with community/ parents and other stakeholders on gender stereotyping and equal participation rights of girls and boys.
● Organize meeting with adolescent girls in the age-group of 14-18 years on child marriage issue for identification of children vulnerable to child marriage, facilitate peer support and adolescent collective’s action.
● Conduct community sensitization meeting on the Prevention of Child Marriage Act, POCSO and significant of continuing education, using different IEC materials, wall writing, etc.
● Organize interface meetings with DCPUs, CWCs, SJPUs and other stakeholders for support in campaign against child marriage.
● Conduct Need Assessment to identify sporting activities which can be initiated to avert child marriage, & provide sports materials & attires to adolescent girls.

● Bal Sangathan has successfully conducted awareness campaign (rally, nukkad naatak show, shapath (oath) patra) against child marriage in all 25 slum basti. Adolescent group leaders took part in 3 meetings in collaborations and liaison with other stakeholders.
● 21 cases of child marriage, school re-admission and medical treatment were registered in the Child line by children collectives.
● Meetings conducted on child marriage and other protection issues with all stakeholders like adolescent, youth, Mahila Mandal, Teachers, Anganwadi Worker, and Sahiya-members in 23 basties. There were 636 (M-205, F-431) participants in the meeting. 13 cases of child marriage and other cases of child protection identified and after the meeting 6 cases out of mentioned cases were registered in Child line.
● 8 counseling session conducted by counselor of Child Line on child marriage case with affected children and their parents.
● Child Marriage Prohibition Campaign was run with the help of Child line in 25 slum bastis of Sonari, Kadma and Sakchi (Chayanagar-Chandinagar) reaching over 5,000 families. The campaign included a sensitization rally; Nukkad Natak (street theatre), meetings and Oath taking prime moves by adolescent leaders etc.

Activities due to COVID-19 outbreak:


Considering the adverse situation of nation and state wide lockdown, planned activities and pending ongoing programs had to be stopped since March 2020. During these periods of long lockdown, organizations had to initiate service mode approaches for the community and needy families by distributing food packets (ration materials and hot cooked meals/ milk etc.) through liaising with like-minded organizations / individuals / Community Based Organizations (CBOs) and such others. The situation has become more challenging since the people are jobless and confiding at their places. Being concerned of the survival and best interest of children, all possible relief work and efforts have been conducted by the organization. Details of few relief works are as follows-

● The team has identified and listed out almost 2,500 very needy and vulnerable families (For COVID19 Relief services) of its urban slums areas and villages along with shelter homes of Jamshedpur;
● Developed ‘’coupons’’ for about 1,500 listed out beneficiary households and distributed the coupons to these listed families, so that distribution process could be done in a seamless manner for dry rations and cooked food or any other relief services;
● With the aid of different organizations, relief agencies, government’s aids and self-initiated processes, dry ration has been distributed to about 2,000 vulnerable families in Jamshedpur.
● Cooked food was being distributed to about 1,200 vulnerable families at Jamshedpur.

Case Story:


A case of sexual abuse of a 5-year-old girl was registered at Birsa Basti in Sonari, East Singhbhum with the support of the Anganwadi. Sheila (name changed), the daughter of the accused and a member of the CRY’s adolescent girls group, played a leading and pivotal role in taking up the case. Due to the immediate effort taken by Sheila against her own father, the accused was detained and an FIR was registered under the POCSO Act.

Sheila Kumari, a 15 years old girl, resident of Birsa Basti, Sonari Jamshedpur, is a seventh grade dropout student of Dayanand Aryvedik Middle School. She left her studies 4-months back due to her health problem. However, Sheila is an active member of the adolescent-Group. Sheila has a younger brother who studies in a hostel. Her mother and father are daily laborers. However, the father spends most of his time in alcohol and gambling. Sheila does not like her father's antics and because of these very reasons, she leaves home after her mother goes to work and returns only after her mother is back from work.

One morning, after her mother went to work, Sheila moved out of the house to a relative's place. After she left, Sheila's father took a 4-year-old girl to their residence, who was playing there (who had arrived a few days earlier from another village to the neighboring house) on the pretext of giving her biscuits and chocolate and tried to sexually abuse her. At the same time Sheila came home for some work and found the door closed from inside. Knowing about her father's tricks, she was suspicious and forced her father to open the door by screaming. She watched the room and realized that something was probably wrong. Immediately, Sheila went to the Anganwadi worker with the little girl without delay and explained the scenario. Seeing the seriousness of the situation, the Anganwadi worker approached her ‘Didi’ (Lakkhi and Usha) from Adarsh Seva Sansthan. After the support and advice of ASES, Sheila along with the Anganwadi worker filed a report in ChildLine-1098.

Taking further actions, the Child Line approached the Child Welfare Committee, East Singhbhum. Chairperson and members of Child Welfare Committee took the information about the incident from the victim and Sheila in purview of child-friendly procedures. Stating about the incident, Sheila kept her father's antics and motives clearly in front of everyone and talked about appropriate punishment for her father immediately. A team from Sonari police station, Jamshedpur came forward to search and arrest the alleged perpetrator under POCSO. Due to the sensibility and efforts of Sheila, her father is in police custody today. However, these incidents have had negative effects in Sheila's life. Sheila's mother went against her. She is not ready to take her home. Her father has some close friends in the village who are angry with her and threaten her also. Considering Sheila's safety concerns, she has just been placed in the Child Line, where she is being regularly counselled to stay in a residential school and pursue further studies. Her mother is also being persuaded to take her daughter back to home. Adarsh Seva Sansthan is taking care of Sheila’s further education and well-being and has also approached the Deputy Commissioner of East Singhbhum to honour her with a bravery award or any other similar award, for her courageous efforts.

(Note: many other details couldn’t be placed up considering the sensitivity of the case. Name of the protagonist was altered. Pictures couldn’t be shared.)

Plans


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Goal Area- Education

children’s collectives organizing interactive sessions

● Children’s collective- - have interactive sessions keeping physical distancing measures- On child rights and Myths –COVID19.
● Developing IEC materials on Interactive sessions on ‘’Boy Talk’’ and ‘’Super Shakti Smart’’ curriculum respectively and distributed to Children’s collective
● Developing IEC materials on ‘’mental and physical wellbeing’’ and distribute to children’s collectives
● Interactive sessions with Children leaders and school teachers/ management committee on learning level gaps and coping mechanisms.
● Leaders of children –collectives sharing the educational information via WhatsApp group /texts to their respective groups.

Interface deliberations between adolescent leaders and adults / district heads/ officials etc. on education Strengthening School Infrastructure

● Organizing ‘’Man ki Baat’’(Speak out your Mind) ● Identify irregulars children and regularizing /re-enrolling them in school
● Develop linkages with JRD Tata Sport Complex for Sports-4-Excellence of adolescent girls.
● Preparing status report of the drop-out children and their family in the intervention area in during COVID situation.
● Deliberations with stakeholders and SMCs, and sharing the status of the drop-out children in the intervention area and child related issues at school level post COVID19 lockdown situations.
● children provided with materials for education support
● Specific visits to each schools of operational areas to collect evidence based data on infrastructural facilities at schools



Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Goal Area : Protection

Regular Program

Interactive –sessions on child protection

● Mid-media interactive- session with Mata Samiti (mother’s committee), opinion leaders, Anganwadi workers, teachers, Ward members on issues of child labor and child marriages.
● Convergence meeting on development on an integrated plan on ‘’Prevention of child marriage’’ with all stakeholders involved since past few years.
● Prevent child marriages by community mobilizations, adolescents efforts, stakeholders’ roles, etc.

Mainstream children vulnerable to labor in formal education

● Regular tracking of child labors focusing Post COVID situations taking cue of status report prepared on drop-outs/ irregulars with family-level status highlighted.
● Presenting status of child labor, drop outs and their family status (Post COVID19) to district labor department, civil supplies department, Child line, CWC and Tata Steel for linking them with the Labor Card/ social security schemes by gathering identity documents and admission of children to link them with education.

Post COVID Programming approach:



The following approaches will be adopted in Post Covid program response:
a) Doing each of the activities keeping ‘’social distancing‘’ and further guidelines unaltered by using Printed outreach materials considering covid safety & awareness education/ protection of children/ domestic violence, mid-media activities, social-media more often in channelizing and floating messages and awareness programs.
b) Exploring local radios/ televisions so that tailored messaging, talk shows or public service announcements for communities could be arranged as mass-media interventions.
c) Focus will be shifting to prepare one status report not only on children’s educational scenario post COVID19, but also families-economic conditions and survival needs. Further, possible linkages will be figured out to address identified issues.
d) Messages on domestic violence, substance abuse, COVID19 myths, mitigating learning gaps of children, ways of mental wellness should be floated as cross-cuttings.
e) Collaborating and following ups with the government stakeholders to be continued for distributions of Take Home Ration (THR), Supplementary nutrition and mid-day-meals.

Total amount disbursed in 2020 - 21,190


Financial Summary: January to December 2021


Budget Breakup 2021

Nutrition

224

2%

Education

6,371

57%

Protection

2,347

21%

Admin

2,235

20%%

Total Grant Approved

11,177

100%