on the details of
Machilipatnam, Krishna District, A.P.
Thematic Intervention: Education, Protection, Participation
CRASA (Compassionate Rural Association for Social Action) came into existence in the year 2003 by renaming/re-registering CROSS (Christian Rural Organization for Social Service) which was registered in the 1998. CROSS was registered as a religious organization which was duly amended in 2003 as CRASA to take up social issues. Mr Yesupadam, is the project holder of the organisation. CRASA became partner to CRY in Jan-2012 and covered 19 villages in two Mandals – Machilipatnam & Kruthivennu With CRY intervention In the project area, there is significant improvement on various child rights indicators in the operational area. CRASA is a member of CADME (Coastal Area Disaster Mitigation Efforts) network operational in 9 coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh.
Child Labour: There are 221 child labour in the operational area out of which 125 are boys and 96 are girls. 28 are in 6-14 age-group and 193 are in 15-18 age-group. None of the 13 habitations are child-labour-free in the operational area. Majority of the children belong to BC community where they engage in fishing along with the family, in case of Yanadi community they go along with parents for fish hunting etc. In the agriculture field boys mostly do the works of land digging, harvesting, distributing seedlings to female workers, watering the field, mango plucking, salt farms etc. And girls do the works of planting the seedlings, harvesting, cutting the flowers, removing the weeds. In the unorganized sector boys work as mechanics, welders, cattle grazers, shepherds, sand loading, brick-making (mud & cement), loading and unloading of gravel, construction workers, etc.
Dropout: There are 155 dropout in the operational area out of which 55 are boys and 100 are girls. 66 are in 6-14 age-group and 89 are in 15-18 age-group. There is no 100% enrolled habitation. 31% of the dropout is staying at home idle, 37% of the dropout are helping their parents in farm works, 32% got married and 8% migrated with their families.
Child Marriage: In 5/13 operational area villages there was no child marriage during 2016. During 2016, 33 child marriages were reported out of which project was able to stop 3. 91% of the reported cases were that of girls’ and 9% were of boys’. In 91% of the cases, child was either a dropout or child labour at the time of marriage and 6% dropped out after the marriage. Only one child is continuing her education after the marriage.
- To promote education, awareness, skill and information through establishing the educational institutions, centers, hostels and vocational trainings.
- To ensure reduction of child labour in the operational area.
- To ensure reduction of dropout rate from 110 to 30.
- To ensure Increase 100% child-marriage-free villages from 30% to 50%.
Achievements & Impact in the Review Period
CRASA was able to fairly achieve the stated objectives for the year by following the guidelines prepared by CRY team during the year and the team was able to strategically approach many issues, engage with different stakeholders and brought about good results. Throughout here, mapping and identification of child labours and their family was done. In the process project identified 65 potential cases in 6-14 age group (32 dropout & 33 child labour). Analysis of child labour and probable reasons was done on the basis of the data which was collected. Project has considered families where child labour and dropout are there and tried to analyze their vulnerability. Awareness at community level was conducted in the form of Padayathra. Placards and banners were displayed, slogans were raised against child labour, songs were sung and messages were given during awareness walks.
Some of the highlights of achievements are stated as follows:
- 46 child engaged in child labour were mainstreamed into schools.
- 77 dropouts were mainstreamed into schools.
- Project identified 241 seasonal child labour and dropout.
- Through its advocacy, ensured following enhancements in schools:
- New class rooms – 2 each at two primary school were sanctioned and construction is underway.
- Appointment of teachers – 3 teachers and 1 Physical Education Trainer were appointed.
- Quality of midday meals was enhanced at a high school and a primary school.
- Ensured 5/13 villages child-marriage-free during the year.
- 3 child marriages were stopped during the year.
- Project staff encouraged school teachers to visit 12 families where there was a potential threat of child marriage and counselled the parents.
- Project formed 3 child collectives in 3 new villages.
- Project gave capacity building training to 110 members from child collectives on different matters like how to conduct the meetings, how to write the meeting minutes, etc.
Focus 1: Reduce child labour from 221 to 161 and reduce dropout from 155 to 105.
- Conduct vulnerability survey of families, based on select parameters.
- Sensitize parents of child labours and other parents on the importance of education especially girl child education.
- Conduct capacity building sessions through meetings/campaigns for CBOs on CLPRA and RCFCE Act.
- Encourage Panchayati Raj Institution(PRI) members to monitor schools to ensure better service delivery.
- Track all children in the age-group of 6-14 years to ensure they are in school.
- Identify and assist children to apply for social security entitlements. (Caste certificates, scholarships, bus pass, Medical certificates for differently able children).
- Demand for formation of Child Protection Committees at Panchayath / Mandal level.
- Track all children in the age group of 15-18 yrs and ensure their transition from upper primary to high school & high school to other higher education courses.
Focus 2: Increase 100% child-marriage-free villages from 38% to 43
- Conduct family visits to understand their problems related to girl children. Assess extent of child marriages by surveying 19-24 years married women.
- Regularly track girl children at risk of being dropping out of school.
- Assist girls from most needy families and girls from families where parents migrate seasonally to get into social welfare hostels.
- Create awareness on child marriages and gender discrimination through cultural performances.
- Strengthen government schools by ensuring good infrastructure facilities, especially toilets for girls, and sufficiency of teachers and active SMCs / SMDCs.
- Assist families in applying for girl-child schemes. (Caste certificates, scholarships, bus pass, Medical certificates for differently abled).
- Demand for formation of Child Protection Committees at Panchayath level.
- Capacity building training for project team on - ICPS and roles & responsibility of SCPS, DCPU, VCPC.
Focus 3: Increase 65% strengthened Child Collectives from 69% to 77%
- Promote leadership development among children through capacity building trainings.
- Train child collective leaders in writing the meeting minutes.
- Encourage child collective members to discuss the issues in their schools in their child collective meetings.
- Encourage child collective members to raise school level issues with their teachers.
- Inform child collective members about various child protection mechanisms available at PRI/Mandal/District level.
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