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20 villages in Ram Nagar block of West Champaran district, Bihar
Thematic Intervention: Education, Protection

Project Context

DEEP was registered in the year 1991 under Society Registration Act, with an objective of mobilizing marginalized community for issue based movement for their rights. It started working with education as an entry point in the Gaunaha block with Tharu community. Many projects were initiated later working on child education, child labor, successfully ran non-formal education (NFE) centers, strengthened the organization of Tharu community, supporting their cause for Scheduled Tribe status and rights over forest, etc. DEEP is currently working in 20 villages in Ram Nagar block of West Champaran, which is situated in the lap of Himalayan mountain range and predominantly inhabited by Tharu & Oraon Tribe, with very nominal presence of minorities and Dalit communities. The project is focusing on education and protection issues for the last three years.

Problem Statement:

A secure future for children starts with a good beginning of the pre-school education (PSE). However, all the children in the project area do not have access to Anganwadi centers, which are supposed to deliver pre-school education. There are only 24 operational ICDS Anganwadi centers and project efforts were able to secure sanction for 5 more such centers over the last year. An assessment during the last year found that 583 children in 3- 6 years age group are not attending the ICDS centers due to non-availability of the centers in their proximity, and there are five hamlets which don’t have any ICDS Anganwadi centers. And, among the ICDS Anganwadi centers available, the focus is restricted to providing supplementary nutrition services only, which was hardly monitored by supervisors and CDPO due to difficulties with local terrain. Pre-school education was not among services in almost all the centers till two years back. The interface actions with the government officials by the project have ensured that initiatives are taken towards making the pre-school education becomes part of the ICDS center management. In the last one year, Government of Bihar has conducted training for the CDPO and Supervisors on implementing the NAYEE PAHAL (Early Childhood Care and Education curricular). But the process is yet to reach the frontline Anganwadi Workers and they are hardly aware of the PSE curriculum, processes and usages of the TLM (teaching learning materials). In 6 ICDS centers DEEP provided TLM and mobilized community for infrastructural support, which is another critical deficit area along with regularity of Anganwadi Workers.

The 20 odd project villages have just 14 Primary Schools, 07 Middle Schools and 2 High Schools and 1 Higher Secondary schools for the school education. These are short of requirements across age groups, when considered against population and access challenges in forested and hilly terrain. The middle schools were recently upgraded without commensurate facility and infrastructure improvements to ensure delivery of respective level of services. The access to senior secondary schooling (11th & 12th year) has remained a big challenge for many children in the project as the only school serves up to 15 kilometers. However, the big challenges for the tribal community has remained shortage of trained teachers from own mother tongue i.e. Tharu and Oraon, which is restricting class transactions even at the primary level. DEEP has initiated efforts to strengthen community and school management committee to work on these aspects, also sanction has been availed for a scheduled tribe residential school, however, more efforts are needed to see results.

Achievements & Impact

The model building processes initiated by DEEP in the 6 ICDS centers and implementation of innovative engagement process by the workers with teaching learning materials (TLM) has been able to bring a fresh kind of energy into the intervention, galvanizing the community. Thus, they have started playing an instrumental role towards changing the perception of the community in the service area of the 6 model ICDS Anganwadi Centers. The targeting of academically lagging children has been a new horizon during this year. Further achievements and processes based on the different objectives (KRA) are noted below:

Key Result Area: Ensure 100% children in 3- 6 years age-group are enrolled in ICDS Anganwadi Centers in all project villages

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Support to 3 Retention center for Girls
* Village level awareness campaign on importance of PSE through meeting, wall writing, children rally.
* One day sensitization workshop with all AVS (Anganwadi Vikas Samity) in the area on importance of PSE and their role.
* One day sensitization workshop with the Anganwadi workers in collaboration with CDPO & LS on PSE, ECCE, joyful method etc.
* One day AVS convention and resolution for new ICDS and monitoring of the ICDS.
* Advocacy with the local MLA and SCPCR members.

* 126 children were supported in 3 retention centres in Pipra, Semrahani & Naurangia
* 100% regularity of children attended in 6 model ICDS centers where 291 children in 3-6 years age have been regularized.
* ECCE assessment card was administered for 240 children.
* As a result of specific efforts for strengthening ICDS centers, recruitment process of the ICDS workers was completed by local Child Development Project Officer (CDPO) for 5 Anganwadis.
* DEEP has been able to motivate and mobilize community in sending their children regularly in the ICDS centers.

Key Result Area: Ensure 100% children in 6-14 years age-group in the project villages are retained in schools

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Identification & enrolment of eligible girl children for RBC (Residential Bridge Course) and KGBV in the area run by Dept of Education, Bihar.
* Community level meeting with parents / guardian for children regularity in schools and control drop-outs.
* District level workshop on education issues of Tharu community with Teachers union, DEO, DM, DCPU, media and SCPCR members.
* Building digital literacy centers in Pipra Done office along with the library.
* CB of Vidyalaya Siksha Samiti members on roles & responsibilities- on Student-Teacher ratio, monitoring of daily activities, regularity of MDM & distribution of text book, scholarship, infrastructures etc.

* 234 children, 155 among them being in the age group of 6-14 years, were re-enrolled in the schools through counseling and targeted interventions. Another
* 68 RTE (Right to Education) volunteers were trained from these villages to monitor the schools.
* 11 teachers have been trained and are continuously engaged with DEEP so as to implement the learning and inputs provided by DEEP in the classrooms.
* 38 drop out/ irregular girl children are enrolled in the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV).
* 20 drop out children enrolled in Special Training Center in Belatari village of the operational area.

Key Result Area: Reduction incidence of child labor and child marriage in all intervention villages

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Community level sensitization sessions and meeting on impact of child labor and child marriage.
* Mobilization of community members to take part in the GP level and ward level CPC formation process.
* Capacity building and engagement of the local CBOs, PRI members, identified parents whose children have migrated to cities for work.
* Capacity building of adolescent girls and boys on impact early marriage and motherhood.
* Panchayat level workshop with the local youth, parents, Panchayat members, CPC member, CBOs members, local police, on child marriage and importance of girl child education issue.

* 67 out of 99 children, who have been identified as child labor, working in the local brick kilns and agricultural field, were enrolled in the government schools.
* 45 adolescent girls underwent capacity building on child vulnerability and protection issues, facilitated by external resource person.
* 3 Child marriages were prevented.
* 145 families linked with the social protection schemes.

Key Area: Improve children’s understanding on age appropriate development, world realities and views formation Result

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Bal Mela on Children’s Day in 2 Panchayat ensuring participation of government stakeholders.
* Capacity building of the Children Collectives members on different on child labor, child marriage, migration etc.
* Rolling out of Life Skill Module developed by Child Centre, CRY.

* 25 children groups have been formed and engaged regularly
* 250 children have been enrolled in these children groups
* 508 children participated in the Bal Mela (Children Fair) organized by the project.

Highlights of technical and capacity building inputs:

In addition to scheduled guidance and monitoring, CRY had organized / extended below inputs to the project:

* CRY’s Child Center Module Training for Field Workers, to strengthen child participation, was conducted in Kolkata. The team members underwent training on a range of issues pertaining to empowerment process, decision making, leadership, emotion and child vulnerability. This session has helped them to facilitate the sessions with the Bal Manch (children collectives) in operational area, which dealt communication & leadership skills; child vulnerability issues.
* A two-day session on Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Policy was conducted by expert agency Mobile Crèche. The objective was to build understanding on the different facets of National ECCE Policy, set context for the government interface and initiate developing local community based monitoring model. DEEP’s intervention in 6 ICDS centers and overall advocacy on quality transaction process has been largely impacted by this session as well as inputs provided during the PME process.
* One workshop was conducted on Child Protection Committee (CPC) for the project team. This has helped the team to organize and engage with the Gram Panchayat level CPC, and also facilitate capacity building sessions for the CPC members.

Highlight of community action and government interface:

In light of newly sanctioned ICDS centers in the state, project has geared up to ensure coverage of all hamlets through ICDS services. Thus, since 2015 DEEP is continuing the process of demanding new ICDS centers in 5 hamlets. A prolonged strategy has been adopted by the project in which the elected leaders of the local Panchayat Raj Institution (PRI) were involved and demand letter was written to the District Program Officer-ICDS, State Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (SCPCR), and National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR). After regular follow up with the Child Development Project Officer (CDPO) and District Program Officer (DPO) for sanctioning the process, the DPO has finally approved for ICDS centers and the recruitment process of centers has been initiated. This year the organization has worked on identification of the eligible persons as incumbent for the ICDS workers.


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

100% children in 3 - 6 years age group are enrolled in ICDS Anganwadis in 20 project villages

* Track Children and enroll yet to be enrolled children in ICDS Anganwadis.
* Conduct assessment of 100 children to analyze and map their progress.
* Organize village level awareness campaign on importance of pre-school education through mother’s group meeting.
* Sensitization workshop with the ICDS workers in collaboration with Child Development Project Officer (CDPO) on pre-school education, Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE), joyful method etc.
* Advocate for new 5 ICDS Anganwadi centers for the uncovered villages - organizing Gram Sabha (village collective) meeting, village level data collection, and application to District Program Officer (DPO) / District Magistrate (DM) based on Supreme Court guidelines, application to National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR).

100% children among 6-14 years are retained in schools in 20 project villages,

* Track Children in age group (6-14yrs), identification of the drop out and irregular children and sensitizing them.
* Continuing operating the 3 coaching center for girls in class 9th and 10th , along with providing study materials to them.
* Identify and enroll of eligible girls for Residential Bridge Course (RBC) Center and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) in the area run by department of education, Bihar.
* Model Building: Applying the PRAYAS model for children retention in 6 schools in collaboration with teachers, children collectives and leaders.
* Engagement with the education officials by the local Community Based Organizations (CBOs) and DEEP, and placing demands for infrastructure, teachers’ regularity, and timely book distribution.
* Functioning of digital literacy centers in Pipra office along with library.

Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Reduction in child labor (among 6-18 years) in 20 operational project villages.

* Track children under 18 years age who have migrated to other states and conducting community level sensitization sessions on impact of child labor.
* Mobilize community members to take part in the Gram Panchayat level and ward level Child Protection Committee (CPC) formation process.
* Conduct capacity building and engagement of the local Community Based Organizations (CBOs), Panchayat Raj Institutes (PRI) members, and identified parents whose children have migrated to other cities for work.

Preventive program for addressing child marriage through a comprehensive program is implemented in 20 project villages.

* Conduct community level sensitization sessions on child marriage using different learning materials, wall writing, cultural program, video shows etc.
* Organize Panchayat level workshop with the local youth, parents, elected leaders of Panchayat Raj Institution (PRI), ward level Child Protection Committee (CPC) member, and local police station on child marriage and importance of girl child education issue.

Children's views are represented in significant policy engagements at different levels (village, block, district)

* Conduct capacity building of the children collective members on different issues like child labor, child marriage, migration, early marriages etc.
* Sensitize parents to mobilize their children for active participation to children collective process.
* Develop Girl Child Football Team. ( 2 groups in 2 Panchayat)

Financial Summary: January to December 2018

Budget Breakup 2018













Total Grant Approved