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Location

22 villages in Kalaburgi district, Karnataka
Thematic Focus: Education, Protection


Project Background:

Margadarshi began its work with street children on railway platforms of Gulbarga (now renamed Kalaburagi). It has been involved in many projects (in collaboration with the state government, independently as well as with other networks) addressing the issues of street children and child labor. It has also been part of various studies involving this crucial issue. Anand Raj, the Project Holder, has been active in many networks and forums engaging with the state for protection and rights of the children. He has also contributed significantly towards improving the quality of management of many state run children’s homes in the district in the capacity of a member/ Chairperson of the District Child Welfare Committee of Gulbarga. Margadarshi vision is that it “visualizes a child friendly and sustained society, where children are free from all forms of abuse & exploitation, enjoying childhood and their rights, with respect & social justice and without any discrimination”. In CRY operational area, Margadarshi has brought significant improvement by ensuring access to sponsorship scheme under ICPS (Integrated Child Protection Scheme) to children of single parents/orphan; re-enrolment of dropouts & child labors in schools and hostels; approve of a high school after three years of advocacy; improvement of infrastructure/ facilities in Anganwadi centers providing pre-school education and supplementary nutrition under ICDS (Integrated Child Development Scheme) and schools; formed School Development and Management Committees (SDMCs) in schools.

Problem Statement:


Margadarshi is working in 22 villages under Chittapur taluka of Gulbarga/Kalaburgi district. Kalaburgi is considered one of the most backward districts of the state of Karnataka. About 28% population of the district belong to socio-economically marginalized Dalit communities. The child rights situation is also poor in all the seven Talukas. The state is closing down schools in the district in the name of rationalization of resources and utilization. Karnataka has the second highest child labors in the 10-14 years age-group in India as per 2011 census. Children are compelled to work as bonded labor in landlord’s agricultural firms/ houses or looking after cattle when their parents are not able to repay the amount of loan taken from the landlord. Elder children have to stand for family support in times of crisis situations. Children aged 12 to 18 years are involved in domestic work, quarry, cotton picking, cattle grazing, agriculture and facing different risks like accidents while carrying load in quarry work; get affected with Asthma in cotton picking work etc. Besides children are also working as a part of the gang to dig & load sand; in hotels / bars in different capacities; driving tractors for owners or for rent; begging; rag picking and other seasonal agricultural work. Girls are perceived better at seed crossing, pollination, cotton picking, and chilly picking since a lot of them are short in height and do the work more effectively.

There are only 14 Government schools in 22 project villages teaching from standard 1st till 8th. Hence there is an access gap of 47% in primary schools vis-à-vis standards set by the RCFCE Act (the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009). And, there are only 4 government high schools serving learning from standard 9th & 10th in the project area. Infrastructure situation is poor in these schools. While 16 schools do not have toilets, some schools do not even have drinking water. Major reasons for drop out in the area are poverty and an extreme stretch for survival needs, lack of access to school, safety and security concerns of adolescent girls, migration of parents, low educational attainment of parents, single parents or orphan with no care takers, health crisis in family, and other problems in the family. Thus, dropout is influenced by a complex maze of factors from school environment to socio-economic and socio-psychological factors.

Achievements and Impact:

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Areas: Ensuring universal access to quality education for all children between the ages of 6 to 18 in order to enroll & retain all children from the project area in to the school and save them from becoming dropout and child labor.

* Strengthening of govt. schools with infrastructure & essential facilities.
* Activate School Development Management Committee (SDMC) in 4 govt. schools in the operational area through training on child rights, child protection, and SDMCs roles & responsibilities.
* Ensure 100% enrolment of eligible children in pre-school ICDS Anganwadis and schools.
* Organize regular home visits, community meetings and stakeholder interfaces to improve awareness on child protection child labor, schooling, education and need of attitudinal change.

* ECCE monitoring was done in 22 ICDS centers and effort has been made for model creation in 8 of them in terms of quality of teaching delivered, pedagogy and support materials used in teaching.
* 201 children were enrolled in 1st standards through mapping of all children graduating from pre-school ICDS Anganwadis and family & community engagement in 11 school enrolment campaigns.
* 77 dropped-out children were re-enrolled in school and 10 never-been-to-school children enrolled through tracking & identification, regular follow up with families & schools during the enrollment campaigns
* The team submitted 7 memorandums to Zila Panchayat Officer, Block Education Officer (BEO), and Minister etc. towards strengthening the government. schools in terms of infrastructure. As a result, 4 new Anganwadis were approved.
* SDMCs were activated in 5 schools (Muguta, Kadabur, Kalagurti, Ivani and Chamnur). Apart from SDMCs, the team took special interest in activating 5 Bala Vikas Samithis (children collectives) and 5 meetings were facilitated.
* Over 900 family visits were made during last one year and parents counseled on child rights, child protection, critical role of education in children’s life and how parents' attitude can make or break a child’s life. A total of 58 mothers’ collective meetings were conducted during the same period.

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Areas: Ensuring effective functioning of child protection systems under ICPS & CLPRA in the intervention areas, and creating spaces for children to enjoy & grow through children's and adolescent girls collectives.

* Mainstream child labors strengthen community awareness on child protection, regular meetings with the community, and child protection committee at the village level.
* Strengthen children's collectives in the operational area with inputs on child protection to children collectives.
* Conduct cultural activities, games, skills, tuition, street play, songs, drawing, and art for children at the CPRC (child protection resource centers).
* Strengthen the newly formed adolescent girls’ collectives in the operational area thorough regularizing meetings, organizing motivational talks, Counseling of children at risk.

* 8 child labors were mainstreamed as a result of sustained child labor awareness campaigns which were conducted in all operational villages and special meetings with school teachers.
* Activation of 5 Village Child Protection Committees (VCPC) was initiated. For this, 9 community meetings have been conducted so far in Malagana, Muchikeda and Tunnur.
* 7 Awareness programs on child labor and child marriages were conducted. VCPC members have discussed creating a protective environment for children around ICDS centers and schools. For this, memorandums pertaining to improvement of school infrastructures, Prepared and submitted to govt. officials
* Strengthening the process of 6 children collectives has been initiated. Regular weekly meetings conducted wherein 124 children regularly attended the meetings. In these meetings various child rights issues/ subjects were discussed along with organizing games/plays before or after meetings.

Plans

Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Ensuring universal access to quality pre-school education for all children aged 3 to 6 years through full enrolment, retention and transition to schools.

* Conduct regular home visits, identify 3 year old children and enroll them in ICDS Anganwadi Centers (AWCs).
* Seeking approval of new AWCs through regular liaison with the govt. officials.
* Conduct regular visits to AWCs across project areas to identify children aged 5.5 years in the centers, motivate parents/ teachers to enroll the same children in primary schools during school enrolment time, pay extra attention to vulnerable children to ensure enrolment in 1st Standard.

Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Ensuring universal access to quality education for all children aged 6 to 18 years through ensuring full enrolment, retention and transition, and prevention of dropping out, and reduction of out of school children through main streaming.

* Conduct sensitization meetings with 50 School Management Committee (SMC) members in 5 selected villages on functioning, structure, roles and responsibilities of members etc. and facilitate SMCs regular meetings and interaction with teachers and education department.
* Facilitate development of School Development Plan in 15% schools through training of SMCs on vision setting and planning for school improvements.
* Liaison with officials & stakeholders for approval of 2 new schools.
* Ensure 75% of children aged 6-14 years enrolled in schools through mapping & tracking out-of-school children through regular home visits to identify school dropouts/ never enrolled children, counsel children and their parents, organize school enrolment campaigns & community awareness jathas, school visits to ensure retention in school.
* Ensure at least 50% of children cleared 10th school board exams through identification and organizing motivational sessions and special supports.

Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Ensuring effective functioning of child protection systems under ICPS, CLPRA (Child Labor Prohibition & Regulation Act) in the intervention areas.

* Strengthen community through organizing street theatre on child protection issues and regular meetings of mother’s collective to discuss child rights issues such as child labor, child marriage, child trafficking etc.
* Strengthen 5 Village Child Protection Committee by regularizing meetings.
* Mainstream rescued child labor in formal schooling.
* Organize discussion meetings of children collectives on issues of child labor, child marriage, child trafficking issues to strengthen children collectives’ understanding and role on protection issues.
* Assist needy children & vulnerable families in accessing benefits under child protection schemes e.g. foster care, sponsorship etc. through conducting coaching for Murarji entrance test for residential schooling, availing caste certificate, disability certificate, income certificate, Aadhar card, BPL card, employment opportunities under employment guarantee scheme (NREGS).

Financial Summary: January to December 2020


Budget Breakup 2020

Education

7,225

29%

Protection

7,225

29%

Administration

10,354

42%

Total Grant Approved

24,804

100%