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Location

16 village in Korba & Kartala block of Korba district, Chhattisgarh
Thematic Focus: Education, Nutrition


Project Background

Gram Mitra, as is known in short, was registered in 1999. It has been dedicated to work for the rights of tribal and dalit children, and advocate addressing issues of livelihoods, Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA) for strengthened community governance, and forest rights. Mr. Babubhai Srivas, the project holder of Gram Mitra has done Masters in Social Work and has been working for dalit and adivasi communities since last 6 years. The organization is working in Chhattisgarh to ensure educational rights of the tribal (Pahadi Korwa, Birhor, Kawar, Majwar community) and dalit children are secured, and the resources of livelihoods of their families are protected. The organization was named as ‘Gram Mitra’ means ” Friend of Village”, in the hope that it would help build a strong community of people who have otherwise been excluded from mainstream society and social welfare schemes. The team in Gram Mitra believes in and follows the motto of ‘Sangathan mein Shakti’ i.e. ‘Strength in cooperation’. The organization aims to preserve the culture & heritage, and empower the Dalits and Tribes with focus on women and children.

Problem Statement:


Gram Mitra as CRY partner intervenes in the villages of Korba and Kartala Tehsil of Korba district. The situation of education in the project area is characterized by low levels of enrolment and retention of tribal children especially Pahadi Korba, Bihor tribes. This poor status quo owes its genesis to poor infrastructure, lack of quality teaching and learning, irregularity of teachers, lack of subject wise teachers, gap between vernacular languages spoken by small population groups and teaching in state official language, SMC (School Management Committee) not functioning as prescribed in the Right to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act - 2009, lack of monitoring of the functioning of teachers. Children are forced to drop out of school due to lack of government school after 8th standard and lack of transport facilities, especially for girls. The boys get into child labor & addiction, which further gets compounded by low level of awareness among parents for the need and benefits of education for their children, as they themselves are not educated. The economic poverty has also been creating barriers for children accessing from alternate sources. Children are unable to access education also because of social taboos around immediate economic utility such as, boys once educated stop working in agricultural fields and girls anyway have to look after family only after getting married.

The situation of health and nutrition among tribal children in the project area is poor due to lack of proper health service centers and poor functioning of ICDS (Integrated Child Development Scheme) Anganwadi centers and NRCs (Nutritional Rehabilitation Centers), coupled with lack of colostrum feeding practices immediately after the birth, many superstition among Pahadi Korba, Bihor and other tribes on immunization, lack of balanced dietary food within the family, and lack of awareness among the community on the significance of spacing between births. All these, coupled with low awareness regarding roles & responsibilities among local governance bodies, are contributing to severe malnutrition among children in 0 - 5 years’ age group. Developing a complete intervention plan is also facing the challenge of data gaps as there is no institutionalized system for hemoglobin / anemia examinations among children and adolescents.
The project is thus working with the objective of ensuring 100% enrolment and retention of children in primary and middle schools (6-14 years) and 93% enrolment of children in secondary school (15-18 years). The project is also focused on strengthening implementation of RTE Act, 2009 in 16 project villages. The other areas of focus are ensuring activation of ICDS Anganwadi centers for the six services (supplementary nutrition, immunization, health check-up, referral services, pre-school education, and nutrition & health education), and ensuring reduction in malnutrition in the project villages.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Area: 100% children in the age group 3 – 5 years are regularly attending in 19 Anganwadi and learning through proper implementation of ECCE (Early Childhood Care and Education).

* Collect data of children (0-5 years), pregnant women, lactating mothers and adolescent girls in the village.
* Follow up with the government stakeholders by filing applications for information under Right to Information (RTI) Act, and demanding for adequate ICDS centers in the villages of intervention areas.
* Conduct child to child tracking of all children in the age group of 3-5 years and document all the irregular children to identify the reasons for irregularity to ICDS Anganwadis.
* Gram Mitra along with ICDS department to co-organize a training program on ECCE for the Anganwadi workers.

* 8 ICDS centers are implementing proper ECCE curriculum in their respective villages.
* GMSSS team continued regular follow-up with all 11 ICDS workers to ensure regular implementation of ECCE curriculum in Aanganwadi centers. Team is also motivating Aanganwadi workers to maintain a register to track every individual child’s learning level.
* GMSSS team has continued the regular monitoring in Aanganwadi centers to ensure regular implementation of time table so that children can get all types of education. Team also motivated Aanganwadi workers to ensure individual child documentation to assess their learning level. A total of 33 children from 8 Anganwadis have improved their learning level.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Area: All children in the age group of 6 - 14 years are enrolled and retained in school in 19 schools.

* Ensure approval of school building through meeting with the District Collector, officials of the education department and passing resolutions.
* Ensuring repair work is done in primary school at Basakarha, and boundary wall, electricity connection, lights and fans and drinking water supply are secured in all the other schools in the project area.
* Organize meetings with the children and understand the reasons for irregularity of children and document the same. Based on this, develop a program for addressing the issue of irregularity with the children and parents.

* In Basakhara school construction work is in progress and Gram panchayat has ensured the construction of compound boundary walls as per RTE norms.
* Team is also doing regular follow up with other Gram Sarpanch to start construction in respective villages’ schools. All the sarpanch has ensured that they will raise this issue in Gram Sabha.
* 17 out of 19 schools are having separate toilets for girls.
* 18 out of 19 schools are functional in their own buildings. Application is given to the department for the one school in Saradih which is not functional in its own building.

* Listing of all dropout and out of school children to be tracked and documented and sensitize them to re-enroll themselves in schools.

* 100% children have transitioned from pre-school/Anganwadi Centers to primary school / regular schooling during the year.
* 2 primary schools have received electricity connection.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Area: 100% Right to Education(RTE) norms implemented in 4 schools through model building process

* Gram Mitra to organize regular meetings with SMC members and motivate them to maintain and monitor registers.
* Organize capacity building sessions & workshops for SMC members on developing School Development Plans (SDPs) & submit the same to the Block Elementary Education Officer.

* 72 meetings were organized for SMC members, out of a targeted 108. All the SMCs have been dissolved by the Government in Chhattisgarh.

* Meet the District Collector and Education Officer and discuss the model building process initiated in the four schools. Work closely with Panchayat towards developing a child friendly Panchayat.

* 4 support classes were started in model schools and 1 in Dwari. Team has ensured the continuation of all the support classes through regular monitoring. Team also involved community members to ensure the quality of education provided in support classes. Team conducted tests on Language and Maths with 213 children to check their learning level. It was observed that 118 out of 213 children have shown improvement in their learning levels.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Area: 100% Anganwadis provide supplementary & cooked food and other services to all children, pregnant women & lactating mothers, and adolescent girls.

* Motivate Anganwadi workers to maintain kitchen garden registers and document the vegetables given to children with quantity and time.
* Motivate adolescent girls and Mahila Mandal (Women Group) to monitor the Anganwadis on providing cooked and supplementary nutritious food to children, pregnant women and lactating mothers and adolescent girls who have dropped out of school.
* Motivate the girls to check hemoglobin and take iron folic acid (IFA) tablets regularly.
* Organize workshops for adolescent girls on life skill education by the organization.

* In 20 ICDS centers, children are being provided with vegetables which are grown in the kitchen garden of respective centers. Documentation has been done for vegetables and fruits available in the village and forest. Monitoring of ICDS centers is regularly done by adolescent girls group.
* 68 adolescents are regularly participating in the meetings. As all the adolescent collective conduct monthly meetings.
* 70% of the adolescent girls have been provided IFA tablets and the rest of the girls get these tablets in schools.
* Team has conducted Kala Jatha campaign in all the 16 villages to make people aware about nutritious food, and eating habits during & after pregnancy, importance of ready to eat meals which is provided by Aanganwadi centers. Team has continued to maintain a food diary during this period to document food intake by the pregnant women and children.

Highlights on community action and government interface:


The ICDS Anganwadi center in Kohi could not be fully functional due to lack of its own building. After a lot of advocacy liaison with related government officials, approval and grant could be availed and construction initiated. The project team conducted many meetings with community members and motivated them to ensure regular monitoring of construction work for the aanganwadi and the quality construction. Team also conducted a meeting with Gram Pradhan for the same.

Plans


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Strengthen access to quality educational services through strengthening SMCs, CBOs and community engagements

* 280 SMC members to be sensitized through conducting orientation on their role and responsibility.
* 114 SMC meetings to be organised by the members, organizing at least one meeting every two months in all schools in the project area, and documenting the same.
* 168 meetings to be organised by the children collectives and adolescent collectives to strengthen school engagements among children.
* 216 meetings to be organised by the Community based organisers (CBOs)

100% enrolment, transition and retention in Pre-school centers and schools through individual child tracking and interfaces with teachers and educational administrators.

* Track 483 children in the age-group of 3-6 years to ensure they are attending pre-school in the project area.
* Tracking of 123 children in pre-school Anganwadis and ensuring their enrolment in school by mid of August’20.
* Ensure 32 children in 6-18 years age-group presently in remedial classes enrolled in school.
* Ensure 5 children (and any other children further identified) in the age group of 15 - 18 years are profiled and assisted in registering in vocational training.
* Child tracking is strengthened to ensure any dropped out or never been to school children are identified, and promptly supported so that they are mainstreamed.
* Tracking children in the terminal standards across school hierarchy from primary to middle, high school and senior secondary to ensure their transition and enrolment in the next standard.
* Ensure 114 children clear 10th board exams and 58 children clear 12th board exam.



Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Strengthen demands and access to quality health and nutritional services.

* Ensure all mothers of children aged 0-36 months attend at least one Village Health Nutrition Days (VHNDs) during every quarter.
* Conduct 64 meetings with mothers groups organized on child feeding and nutrition.
* Ensure 100% of Health Centers have complete staffing as per IPHS norms.
* 100% identified Severely Acute Malnourished (SAM) children referred to Nutrition and Rehabilitation Centers (NRCs) by ICDS workers.
* 100% of ICDS with functional weighing machine for infants and kids

Financial Summary: January to December 2020


Budget Breakup 2020

Education

4,865

34%

Nutrition

4,865

34%

Administration

4,672

32%

Total Grant Approved

14,402

100%