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Location

16 villages of Sarairanjan block of Samastipur district in Bihar
Thematic Focus: Education, Protection


Project Background

Jawahar Jyoti Bal Vikas Kendra was registered under Societies registration Act of 1860 on 15th August 1986 and is currently working in the Sarairanjan block of Samastipur district. In the name Jawahar Jyoti Bal Vikas Kendra, Jawahar comes from India’s first prime minister’s name and Jyoti from the name of Jyotiba Phule. The project holder Surendra Kumar is from the backward community of Samastipur District who has struggled for the land rights, proper wages and social positioning in the community. The deplorable situation and personal experience of exploitation and discrimination was the source of his energy and motivation. Surender Kumar along with other village fellows had started working on education issues in the villages and from 1995 till 2000 their teams have imparted non –formal education for the children and mainstreaming them into the government school. The organization started involving in different government run programs in the villages. Women self help groups were formed with support of NABARD[1]. It came in touch with other organizations and networks operating in Bihar such as Bihar Lok Adhikar Manch. These were basically sporadic intervention of the organization till 2003. JJBVK was formally registered as an organization in 2003. Throughout the years, the organization has been working extensively in education and protection issues wherein significant changes have been noticed. There has been substantial improvement in ICDS[2] regularity, regularity of school dropouts in schools, linking of children in various educational schemes, improvement in infrastructure, prevention of child marriages, rescue and mainstreaming of child labor, etc.

Problem Statement:


The organization is working in 16 villages of Sairanjan block of Samastipur district in Bihar. In Samastipur, children from the marginalized communities do not complete their 10th standard from government schools. The parents from these communities do not have education as a priority agenda rather livelihood as their prime focus, thus pay less attention. Parents have the notion that the teaching process of school is not qualitative and seldom pay attention to qualitative learning outcomes, revisions and guidance. Thus, children from marginalized communities have poor learning outcomes due to multi grade teaching as there are less number of teachers in the school. This gradually leads to dropout of children. Gender disparity is also a big challenge in this community. The fear factor of being abused and security issues travelling for higher education becomes a challenge for the girls. The girl child education has never been the priority in the families, especially the elder girl child are considered as additional workforce with the adults family member, given the responsibility of taking care of younger siblings, cleaning of house, cooking and serving food. Therefore, they become victims of drop out. The drop out children start to work with their parents in nearby agricultural fields, small shops and brick kilns to support the family income. Children also do move out to other cities for employment with other peers and community friends. There are evident linkages of child marriages with age old traditions, dowry, poverty, safety and security, lack of opportunities for higher education and other forms of violence. As an impact they lose their self-esteem, chance of education, reduced status in the marital relationship and become victims of possible vulnerabilities. These under age marriage have often led to early motherhood and high risk health problems.

Throughout the years, the organization has successfully implemented programs to address education and protection issues in the area. On the aspect of preschool education it brought change in the mindset of community and Anganwadi workers and currently most of the ICDS centers are opening on time. Anganwadi workers have been trained, and are using child friendly teaching and learning materials. New Anganwadi centers have been activated. In elementary education it adopted the strategy to sensitize and strengthen School Management Committees(SMC). Drop out, slow learners, never been to school children have been enrolled in remedial classes and children were provided education material support. With the right intervention of the organization the school infrastructure and teacher pupil ratio has improved. Child labors have been rescued and mainstreamed in schools and many child marriages averted and stopped; Community Based Organizers (CBOs) were sensitized and they are now taking actions for children issues; children collectives were strengthened and raising issues and girls sports teams have been formed. After continuous efforts since the last 2-3 years Ward Level Child Protection Committee (WLCPC) have been formed in the area. Anti child marriage campaign was very impactful and prevented many child marriages by the collaborative efforts from community, Panchayati Raj Institutions, Child Protection Committees. Life skill sessions to children are showing visible impact in their behavior now they are more open to talk on the issues which affect their life.

Situation in the intervention area during Covid 19 pandemic -

Immediate imposition of pan India lockdown by the government due to Covid 19 pandemic created confusion amongst migrant laborers working in various parts of the country. Many such migrant workers from Bihar and UP started walking with their families including children to their native villages which are thousands km away. The operational area in Samastipur district has high prevalence of migration as daily wage laborer to other industrial cities across the country like Delhi, Surat, Kolkata, Punjab etc. Landlessness, distressed rural economy, collapse of MNREGA[3] implementation amongst Dalit and Maha Dalit communities resulted into large scale migration. Due to pandemic they were compelled to come back empty handed, threat of joblessness and so perceived as the biggest challenge for their survival. Inadequate provisioning of cereals through the Public Distribution System (PDS) and its irregularity will lead to utter malnutrition and hunger like situation in the communities. It will adversely affect the growth and development of children, pregnant mothers and most importantly the infant children.

Plans:


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

In 22 hamlets 100% children in 3- 6 years are enrolled in ICDS

• To ensure children who are out of ICDS coverage have been identified through continuous tracking, mapping access and enrolment process.
• Community level sensitization sessions with mothers/ caregivers on importance of pre-school education and mothers to be motivated to send their children regularly in ICDS centres.

100% children are retained in schools in 6-14 years

• Identification of drop out and vulnerable dropout/at risk for dropout children and taking up individual counseling session;
• Linkages of drop out girl children in Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV); Sensitization of community regarding importance education;
• Community level discussion and focus on retention and regularity of the children in school;
• Focus on discussing issues of gender discrimination during community meeting and putting it as special agenda during the MATA SAMITI meeting.
• Dialogue with teachers in 27 schools to arrange special classes for child labor /drop out children who are enrolled in the school;
• Celebration of School Development Plan fortnightly covering 27 schools;
• Sensitization training for teachers on the roles, mindset change and ownership on schools


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Reduction in child labor in 22 hamlets of Sarairanjan Block in 6-14 years

• counseling of 6-14 and 14-18 yrs. child labor who are working in the villages.
• Building contact with 6-14 years and 14-18 years children working outside the state and counseling support to them.
• Organize awareness program in the community on child labor issues; Identify vulnerable families having potential of child labor.
• Linkages of those families with the social security schemes through mobilizing PRI.
• Dialogue with the labor department. and District level task force for rescue of child labor in local area putting them in Children Welfare Committee (CWC) and finally rehabilitation;
• Workshop with Landlord, shop owners, brick kiln owners on child labor in Block level (KISHAN BHAWAN).
• Capacity Building session with Adolescent girls in 14-18 years from children collectives on issues of child labor and its effect, unsafe migration.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Preventive programs implemented in 22 hamlets for addressing child marriage through a comprehensive program

• House to house survey to identify and track 12-18 Years girl children who are at risk of marriage ;
• Organize monthly sensitization meeting regarding implications of child marriage/ sensitization regarding laws and policy made to prevent child marriages;
• Linkages with Quest Alliance Skill Building process; Identify vulnerable families having potential of child marriage;
• Meeting with adolescent girl and boy regarding bad implications of child marriage;
• Promoting gender discourse in the village level; Promoting gender neutral sports in the village;
• Block level workshop with local youth, parents, Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI) members, Ward level Child Protection Committee member, and all Panchayat members on child marriage and importance of girl child education issue.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Improved understanding developed on children at on their age appropriate development, views and reality

• Facilitation of regular meetings with children collective members- Bal Panchayat ;
• Mobilizing children collective members to contribute with their views/ ideas to the children magazine ;
• Organizing theatre and painting workshops for children on protection issues;
• Sensitize parents to mobilize their children (especially girls) for active participation to children collective process;
• Yearly publication of children magazine; publish wall magazine in schools; Formation of one Girl Football Team.

Covid related action plans in the intervention area:
• Vulnerable families from Mahadalit Musahar community of 18 habitations standing at starvation would get immediate relief through dry ration through identification of most vulnerable families from intervention areas for receiving Nutri Kit (Dry Ration).
• Community members would get aware about social distancing and hand washing through awareness programs on social distancing and live demonstration on hand washing.
• There will be discussion with key stakeholders at village and block level for supporting the relief distribution program ; Preparing relief distribution venue as social distancing friendly; Intimation of relief distribution to district level officials and media coverage of the event.
• More than 1000 people would hear the audio capsules on Covid-19 at the IVR[4] platforms of Mobile Vaani and awareness to be generated.
• Linkage of vulnerable families to social protection schemes, ration card, job card etc.
• Conducting a rapid assessment study on impact of Covid-19 on pregnant women and adolescent girls

Financial Summary: January to December 2021


Budget Breakup 2021

Education

4,555

40%

Protection

4,555

40%

Administration

2,278

20%

Total Grant Approved

11,388

100%