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Location

26 villages in 5 blocks of Latur District, Maharashtra
Thematic Focus: Education, Protection


Background of the Project

KMAGVS was established by Mr. B. P. Suryavanshi, initially in the form of a voluntary effort to run a children’s pre-school center (a baalwadi) with the support received from the wife of a military officer. It was formally registered in the year 1986 in the name of the parents of Mr. B.P Suryavanshi. In the year 1998, Mr. Suryavanshi decided to engage full-time with the organization. KMAGVS attributes its transition to the rights-based approach to the influence of partnership with CRY. It grew from strength to strength, and started intervening in about 40 villages by 2001 to about 65 villages by 2005 and is now expanding operations to nearly 90 villages with support from CRY. Children being the thrust of the project taken up by the organization with support from CRY, it focused on ensuring child rights by focusing on a number of issues of children, particularly relating to survival and development. It has formed groups of children in various villages and has been conducting processes for nurturing children’s creativity and enhancing responsiveness of institutions important in the lives of children.

Problem Statement:


Latur is a district in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state of India. Most of the people in this region come from scheduled castes, nomadic tribes and other socially and economically marginal groups. There is a very high degree of illiteracy (especially amongst the women) and prevalence of superstitions in the region. The dalits, who are seldom aware of their constitutional rights, are exploited by practically any person in power including rich landowners. The schools are 3 to 5 KMs far from villages from the hamlets of these scheduled communities. Thus children drop out from the schools often. Enrollment and retention is another issue because of high and irregular migration in the area. The schools don’t have adequate infrastructure such as separate classrooms for every class, enough teachers to teach in every class, libraries, playgrounds and safe drinking water. Children travel more than 10 to 15 km for the secondary school which demotivates parents to spend so much of money on travel.

There is lack of employment opportunity in the villages, parents being illiterate & unskilled work either in the field of Sahukars or migrates to the cities to earn more money. Hence their children drop out from schools and engage in labor to earn extra money. The migrated new places hardly have safe shelter, proper nutrition, and access to health care facilities as a result of which children become malnourished and ill. After 4th standard many children are forced to drop out of school and become child labor in sugar cane cutting, brick kiln industry to support their family. In the district, 31.3% marriages have girls married off before the legal age of marriage for women.

Achievements and Impact

Program Activities Planned Achievements

Reduction in Child marriage in 26 villages of Latur.

* Listing of girls in the age group of 11 to 18 years in schools and work on the same through home visits with the help of VCPC- linked with government schemes/ for higher education.

* 97 girls with high risk of marriage identified and 81 cases (84%) of marriage prevented.

* To ensure 50% of girls prevented from child marriage in age group of 13 - 18 years by child tracking and monitoring and VCPC activated to prevent child marriage. * Organize adolescent boys groups and sensitize them towards gender issue/ decision making/ career/ consequences of child marriage. * Organize interface meeting between adolescent group members and VCPC members to highlight the issue of child marriage. * Identification of role model on higher education and saying no to child marriage /identification of case studies / success stories from intervention area and adding the same in life skills modules. * Advocacy for timely approveing and opening of 10 Hungami Vasti Gruh (seasonal homes) and enrollment of girls prevented from migration and child marriage. * 100 Role model families to be promoted on prevention of child marriage and motivating girl child for higher education. * Ensuring effective networking & coordination among District Child Protection Unit (DCPU), Children Welfare Committee (CWC), Village Child Protection Committee (VCPC), District social welfare officer, Police and Gram Panchayat on the issue of Child marriage.

* 40 girls have been highlighted individually as examples where they have refused their own marriage and promoted them as role model.14 interface meetings held with participation of 23 adolescent girls, 35 female and 49 male VCPC members. In 12 VCPC meetings issues of adolescent girls were discussed. * 23 eligible and interested girls were enrolled in govt. hostel for higher education. * 5 villages received approvals for Hungami Vasti Gruh out of 10 villages in which resolutions were passed for approve. * A study of reasons of child marriage was done through review of news articles published in Daily Lokmat & Punya Nagar over last three years. Major reasons for child marriage reported were dowry issue, economic, society pressure, single parent family. * 123 role model families, without any history of child marriage, were selected for prevention of child marriage and motivating girl child for higher education. * 40 adolescent girls organized 27 awareness meetings/ Kalajathas. * 45 effective networking and coordination meetings with child protection structures held. * 7 new VCPC sub committees formed.

Program Activities Planned Achievements

Reduction of identified child laborers in 26 villages of Latur district

* Ensure children prevented from child labor by listing of adolescent groups 14-18 years and continue tracking through home visits to homes of children out of school / migrated last year to prevent migration in current year. * Tracking of identified 100 families- adolescent children to ensure no children get in to labor, regular follow up and home visits for developing role model families across 26 villages. * Identification of role models in adolescent groups and initiated peer learning capacitate them to perform awareness program on issue of child labor. This will increase number of awareness performance from Kalapathak on child labor. * Follow up with 100 families and continue monitoring and documenting and develop role models for the community. Share the example of these families to motivate the community to send children to school and not to labor. * Advocacy with support of School Management Committee (SMC), VCPC for timely approveing and opening of 8 hungami vasti gruh and girls enrolled- prevented from migration and child labor. * Awareness session/ Kalapathak -street play to be conducted by adolescents to disseminate information regarding prevention of child labor and migration.

* 16 boys identified as role model who had continued education. There were 124 boys from model families who spoke against child labor. * 21 out of 85 dropped out children were re-enrolled in school through regular interventions. * 4 groups of adolescent girls conducted cultural awareness programs in 14 villages on child labor. * VCPCs played important role in identification and prevention of child labor and supported team in mainstreaming of children in regular school. A total of 63 child labors were identified among whom 17 were prevented from labor and 14 were mainstreamed in schools. * Community Based Organizations (CBOs) played role in identification and prevention of child labors and with their assistance Child Labor Monitoring Committee formed in 19 villages. * Village level survey was done to identify families under high risk of migration - 281 families were identified as likely to migrate in the season and 228 reported to be already migrated. * Support classes were started and have been running successfully in 17 villages reaching 728 children (316 girls and 412 boys).

Program Activities Planned Achievements

Child Protection Structures will be fully formed at all levels in the project area as per norms and functioning effectively.

* Develop networking and rapport with the Government Child Protection Units and related departments. * Identify child protection cases such as child marriage, child labor, Child abuse and bring in to notice (in written) to concerned child protection structure so that the 26 VCPC are able to identify and handle child protection cases. * Continue working with 6 children's institutions and children on protection issues and carry on follow up of gap assessment. * Develop model Child Welfare Committee (CWC) at Latur in dealing with child protection cases as well as acting as guide in activating similar structures (26 VCPC/1 DCPU).

* 4 staff Members and 54 volunteers became part of the child protection system. This helped KMAGVS to have recognition at block and district level. * Team has taken up 7 VCPCs with a commitment to develop them as models. For this a basic assessment was done and activities facilitated such as regular meetings happened in all these VCPCs; attendance of all members in VCPC meetings; minutes of meetings recorded in 6 VCPCs; 6 VCPCs identified and taking up cases of child protection. * 8 Counselling sessions were organized in 4 children homes focusing on guidance on safe and unsafe touch, education, career development and career opportunities.

Program Activities Planned Achievements

Ensuring rights of children in Udgir block of Latur district.

* Community cadre identified (20 male and 20 female) and trained to support program implementation in new areas and conduct meetings with identified 381 families. * Women institutions formed and activated for involvement in child protection (CP) program (identification & referral of CP cases). * Identify out of school children with support of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) and children groups, and re-enrolled them back to school with the support of teachers, village volunteer cadre and School Management Committee (SMC) members. * SMC meetings are conducted to involve them in ensuring enrollment and retention in schools.

* 40 community volunteers identified and trained to conduct meetings with identified 381 families. * 4 women's associations having 16 Self Help Groups (SHGs) as members have been identified to raise awareness on child right issues. * 281 out of 314 children in the age group of 6-11 years in the project area were enrolled up to 5th class. * 22 out of 147 dropped out children (15%) were re-enrolled in school. * 112 out of 121 children in the age group of 3 to 6 years are attending pre-school in ICDS Anganwadi centers. * 36 meetings with women, adolescent girls and boys having 196 participants in attendance were conducted on the issue of health, hygiene and sanitation.

Plans


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Enhance enrolment, retention, regularity and transition through community engagement.

* Organize home visits to families having children who are irregular in classes, dropped-out / out-of-school, appearing in class 10th / 12th board exams for Counselling.
* Conduct tracking of children and enrolment drives to ensure 100% enrolment & retention till 5th class in project villages, and 90% regularity and retention/ transition among children till 18 years age.
* Conduct capacity building meetings with School Management Committees (SMCs) and Community Based Organizers (CBOs) so that they can understand issues restricting 100% enrolment, retention, continuity in classes, transition across schools, quality learning outcome etc. & scopes for their engagement.
* Interface between parents, SMCs, CBOs, youth volunteers, Anganwadi Workers under ICDS handling pre-school education for strengthening Schools Development Plan (SDP) & community action for access to quality education, including through remedial classes & age-appropriate enrolments.

Improve educational outcome achievements and more results in board examinations.

* Organize academic support through remedial and support classes to ensure maximum number of children clear their first board examination;
* Conduct home visits and counsel children appearing in board examinations and parents to manage stress and improve outcomes.
* Conduct career guidance and Counselling of 50% children who passed out 12th class exam and their parents.


Key Result Areas : Protection

Strengthen communities to protect children from child labor (CL), child marriage (CM), child sexual abuse (CSA), substance abuse and physical abuses.

* Conduct Awareness sessions for community and stakeholders (PRI, VCPCs, CBOs, Volunteers, AWW, ASHA etc.) through Kalapathak-street plays, IEC materials on CL, CM, CSA, substance abuse and children’s physical abuse, around ill effects for children, preventive penal provisions, protective welfare schemes, communities’ & stakeholders roles.
* Develop 130 role model families who can counsel families to prevent & mainstream CL.
* Organize 2 new women groups and develop community volunteers to work with 381 identified vulnerable families on prevention and reduction of CL.
* Conduct village level survey with support of VCPCs and other stakeholders to identify families under high risk for migration and children vulnerable.
* Mainstream & rehabilitate vulnerable & rescued children into school and other avenues of skills for livelihoods with the help of VCPC, SMC, and other child protection institutions and authorities.
* Advocate for timely approving and opening of 10 Hungami Vasti Gruh (seasonal hostels) & enrol girls prevented from migration and child labors.
* Provide benefits of welfare schemes to families with vulnerable children.

Child protection (CP) mechanisms and structures will be fully functional at all levels in the project area as per norms and functioning effectively.

* Organize 26 capacity building sessions for partners and stakeholders such as CWC, PRI & VCPC members, teachers, volunteers, AWW, ASHA to strengthen understanding on CP legal framework and policies such as JJ Act, POSCO Act, and Prevention of CM Act, and their roles and responsibilities.
* Organize quarterly interface & review meetings with CWC, PRI, Representatives of child protection structures such as child line, DWCD, DCPU, DCPC, Child Labor Task Force, Volunteers and frontline service providers such as Anganwadi and ASHA Workers to strengthen implementation of children protective schemes.
* Develop one Model Children Welfare Committee(CWC) for reference
* Work with 4 children's institutions and children on protection issues to improve understanding of working mechanisms and feed into programming.
* Organize networking meeting at district level with Child Welfare Committee(CWC), District Child Protection Officer (DCPO), Special Juvenile Police Units(SJPU), Child Labor Task Force, Police, Labor Inspector to strengthen child protection systems;
* Conduct 2 trainings by the district legal aid society for CP structure members and key stakeholders.
* 26 Village Child Protection Committee (VCPC) will be actively identifying and handling child protection cases with the support of CP structures.


Key Result Areas : Participation

Strengthen

* Organize children and adolescent group in 5 newly initiated villages and in existing project villages to ensure 100% membership between 6 to 11 years;
* Facilitate regular meetings in 23 existing children and adolescent collectives to improve understandings of child rights violations, rights and entitlements.
* Organize quarterly training sessions with local (Marathi) language modules of CRY Child Center’s Life Skill modules.
* Organize exposure / interaction visits for leaders of adolescent girls collectives to block & district level govt. offices / officials for leadership development.
* Facilitate active engagements of children collectives on child rights violations through reporting, preventive peer Counseling, acting as role models, participation and raising voices in public forum such as Gram Sabha, in matters such as dropping out of schools, getting into child labor, families planning for child marriage, physical & sexual abuse.
* Facilitate youth volunteers managing support classes in 10 villages to strengthen retention and board examination achievements.
* Organize Kalapathak awareness performance in 6 villages on child labor.

Financial Summary: January to December 2020


Budget Breakup 2020

Education

7,942

33%

Protection

7,942

33%

Administration

8,036

34%

Total Grant Approved

23,920

100%