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Location

26 villages in 5 blocks in Latur District, Maharashtra
Thematic Focus: Education, Protection


Background of the Project

KMAGVS was established by Mr. B. P. Suryavanshi, initially in the form of a voluntary effort to run a children’s pre-school center (a baalwadi) with the support received from the wife of a military officer. It was formally registered in 1986 in the name of the parents of Mr. B.P Suryavanshi. In 1998, Mr. Suryavanshi decided to engage full-time with the organization. KMAGVS attributes its transition to a rights-based approach due to the influence of its partnership with CRY. It grew by starting in about 40 villages in 2001 to about 65 villages by 2005 and is now expanding operations to nearly 90 villages with support from CRY. Children being the focus of the project by the organization with support from CRY, it works on ensuring child rights by addressing a number of issues of children, particularly relating to survival and development. It has formed groups of children in various villages and has been conducting processes for nurturing children’s creativity and enhancing responsiveness of institutions important in the lives of children.

Problem Statement:


Latur is a district in Marathwada region of the state of Maharashtra in India. Most of the people in this region come from scheduled castes, nomadic tribes and other socially and economically marginal groups. There is a very high degree of illiteracy (especially among women) and the prevalence of superstitions in the region. The dalits, who are seldom aware of their constitutional rights, are exploited by practically any person in power including rich landowners. The schools are 3 to 5 km from villages and hamlets of these scheduled communities. Thus, children drop out from schools often. Enrollment and retention is another issue because of high and irregular migration in the area. The schools do not have adequate infrastructure such as separate classrooms for every class, enough teachers to teach in every class, libraries, play grounds and safe drinking water. Children travel more than 10 to 15 km for the secondary school which demotivates parents to spend so much of money on travel.

There is a lack of employment opportunities in the villages, parents being illiterate and unskilled work in the field of Sahukars (large landlords) or so there is migration to the cities to earn more money. Hence, their children drop out from schools and engage in labor to earn extra money. The migrated new places hardly have safe shelter, proper nutrition, and access to health care facilities. As a result, children become malnourished and ill. After 4th Grade, many children are forced to drop out of school and become child laborers in sugar cane cutting or the brick kiln industry to support their family. In the district, 31.3% of the marriages have girls married off before the legal age of marriage for women.

Achievements and Impact

Program Activities Planned Achievements

Result Area: Enhance enrollment, retention, regular attendance and transition through community engagement.

● Organize home visits to families having children who are poor attending in classes, dropped-out / out-of-school, appearing in Grade 10 / 12 board exams for counseling.
● Conduct tracking of children and enrollment drives to ensure 100% enrollment and retention unitl 5th Grade in project villages and 90% attendance and retention/ transition among children until 18 years old.
● Conduct capacity building meetings with School Management Committees (SMCs) and Community Based Organizers (CBOs) so that they can understand issues restricting 100% enrollment, retention, continuity in classes, transition across schools, quality learning outcomes and scope for their engagement.

● Team conducted home visits to track children from vulnerable families and to counsel parents of dropout children. In the Chakur block new villages were taken hence more focus was in building Community Based Organizations (CBOs) and community leadership. Thus, the team tracked 928 households out of 1136 households.
● 227 members of 29 children groups were sensitized for continuity of education, importance of support classes, and seasonal hostels.
● Regular meetings of 28 children collectives were conducted by the team in the villages.
● 21 School Management Committees (SMCs) were supported to develop Schools Development Plan (SDP) and 20 of them submitted SDP.
● 424 members from 92 CBOs were sensitized. Major issues covered in the meetings were ---migration and its adverse impact on lives and education of children. These CBO members identified families who have made an advance and were ready to migrate for sugar cane cutting so that team members would directly track potential children to be migrated and put efforts into preventing such a situation.

Program Activities Planned Achievements

Result Area: Improve educational outcome achievements and improved results in board examinations.

● Organize academic support through remedial and support classes to ensure maximum number of children clear their first board examination;
● Conduct home visits and counsel children appearing in board examinations and parents to manage stress and improve outcomes.
● Conduct career guidance and counseling of parents and 50% of children who passed their 12th Grade exam.

● Children's group members were actively identifying dropouts and poor attending children and also efforts put to mainstream them with peer pressure and counseling with parents. 118 children from 19 old villages participated in the process very competently and provided information for 80 out-of-school children and 224 poorly attending children.
● 1,276 children attended at least 75% of classes during the year; KMAGVS tracked the dropped-out children and did counseling with parents to ensure these children get back to school.
● Out of 131 children, 118 children transited from Grade 5 to Grade 6. Out of 130 children, 105 transited from Grade 8 to Grade 9. Out of 97 children, 57 transited from Grade 10 to 11. There was an increase in pass percentage by 6% from 2018-19 for Grade 10. There was an increase in pass percentage by 4% from 2018-19 for Grade 12.
● 11 girls who were in Grade 10 and 12 were enrolled in a hostel for higher education. The team visited them and discussions were held with their parents regarding the scope of higher education.

Program Activities Planned Achievements

Result Area: Child Protection - Strengthen communities to protect children from child labor (CL), child marriage (CM), child sexual abuse (CSA), substance abuse and physical abuses.

● Conduct Awareness sessions for community and stakeholders (Panchayati Raj Institutions, Village Child Protection Committee, Communty Based Organizers, Volunteers, Anganwadi workers, Accredited Social Health Activist-ASHA etc.) through Kalapathak-street plays, Integrated Educational Concept materials on child labor, child marriage, child sexual abuse, substance abuse and children’s physical abuse, around ill effects for children, preventive penal provisions, protective welfare programs, communities and stakeholders roles.
● Develop 130 role model families who can counsel families to prevent and mainstream child laborers.
● Organize two new women groups and develop community volunteers to work with 381 identified vulnerable families on prevention and reduction of child labor.
● Conduct village level survey with support of Village Level Child Protection Committees and other stakeholders to identify families under high risk for migration and vulnerable children.
● Mainstream and rehabilitate vulnerable and rescued children into school and other avenues of skills for livelihoods with the help of the Village Level Child Protection Committee (VCPC), School Management Committees (SMC), and other child protection institutions and authorities.
● Advocate for timely approveing and opening of 10 Hungami Vasti Gruh (seasonal hostels) and enroll girls prevented from migration and child labor.

● 21 Village level Child Protection Committees (VCPCs) formed and team members directly facilitated meetings of 19 Village Level Child Protection Committee at community level. Out of 21 Village Level Child Protection Committees, 16 were functional. In 7 new villages, 4 Village Level Child Protection Committees were formed.
● Worked on model building of Village Level Child Protection Committees(VCPCs) and new VCPCs were elevated as a model based on pre-defined indicators like regular meetings of Village Level Child Protection Committee, attendance of all members in meetings, meeting record maintained, VCPC identified and took cases of child protection.
● 23 schools and 23 AWCs and 7 panchayats have been engaged through meetings with different stakeholders in the community on issues of child protection.
● Partner did follow up on passing of resolution in project villages against child marriage and child labor. 2 panchayats passed resolution against child marriage and child labor.
● Meetings were held with CBOs at the village level, where discussions were held on setting up a committee to control child marriage and child labor. After this, committees were formed in 13 villages and these committees were working with the Village Level Child Protection Committee (VCPC). 27 cases of child marriage and 64 cases of child labor were referred to the staff members.
● Out of 104 child laborers identified, 54 child laborers were rescued. These children got engaged in labor mainly with agricultural activity.
● The team tracked children who were prevented from child labor so that they can be mainstreamed in education. Due to the engagement of children in economic activities during the harvest season of sugarcane and migration, achievement of mainstreaming was low. Out of 54 rescued child laborers, 31 were mainstreamed in education.
● Out of 10 Hungami Vastigruh requests, 8 were approved. For this, meetings were held with School Management Committees, Gram Panchayat, and a resolution for seasonal hostels were submitted. As a result, out of 688 identified potential child migrants, 209 were enrolled in Hungami Vastigruh and 408 children were placed with relatives. Thus 86.9% children were prevented from migration.

Program Activities Planned Achievements

Result Areas: Child protection (CP) mechanisms and structures will be fully functional at all levels in the project area as per norms and functioning effectively.

● Organize 26 capacity building sessions for partners and stakeholders such as Children Welfare Committee, Panchayati Raj Institutions and Village Level Child Protection Committee (VCPC) members, teachers, volunteers, Anganwadi Workers, Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) to strengthen understanding on child protection legal framework and policies such as Juvenile Justice Act Act, Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act , and Prevention of Child Marriage Act, and their roles and responsibilities.
● Work with 4 CCIs and children on protection issues to improve understanding of the working mechanism and feed into the program.
● 26 Village Child Protection Committee (VCPC) will be actively identifying and handling child protection cases with the support of child protection structures.

● Sensitization and interface were done with Juvenile Justice Probationary Officer and police structures. In 6 Police stations, 19 visits were done and 41 officers were sensitized.
● Training was organized with 108 teachers on POCSO and Juvenile Justice Act.
● Training programs were organized for village level center workers, Village Level Child Protection Committee (VCPC) members and organization workers. The program provided training on POCSO law. Activists were empowered to address the growing incidence of child sexual abuse and its causes through monthly meetings.
● 4 Children Homes in Latur were regularly contacted, and in the present condition, programs for the children have started there. The process has started with the District Women and Child Development Officer, discussing the issues with officials and also interacting with girls and boys of these homes. Partner’s priority is to promote Child Protection Policy implementation in the residential hostel.
● 3 child abuse cases directly handled by KMAGVS in through state alliances in the area.

Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Key Result Areas : Participation

● Organize children and adolescent groups in 5 newly initiated villages and in existing project villages to ensure 100% membership between 6 to 11 years old;
● Facilitate regular meetings in 23 existing children and adolescent collectives to improve understandings of child rights violations, rights and entitlements.
● Organize quarterly training sessions with local (Marathi) language modules of CRY Child Center’s Life Skill modules.
● Organize exposure / interaction visits for leaders of adolescent girls’ collectives to block and district level government offices / officials for leadership development.

● The adolescents girls’ group and boys’ group members raised issues in front of PRI members like the issue of transportation for school, water, and sanitation facilities in school, even in some instances girls directly shared cases of harassment in front of PRI members and VCPC members.
● 5 adolescent groups have started work actively towards prevention of child marriage and doing awareness in the village. A total of 14 cases were reported by the collectives i.e. 11 by adolescent girls’ collectives and 3 by adolescent boys’ collectives. 5 groups of adolescent boys were formed.
● The children groups, adolescent girls’ groups, and adolescent boys’ groups raised some issues in front of the CBO members at the village level. This has resulted in response to some of the children’s problems such as lack of school amenities, facilities and education for girls. Out of 76 CBOs (mahila mandal, youth group, CMC, VCPC), 47 CBOs reported issues of children.
● 9 members from the youth group actively participated in the intervention by the team in child labor and child marriage prevention cases as well as enrollment and retention process.
● Team motivated adolescent girls to participate in school-level sports events as well as contacted parents and oriented them about opportunities in sports. Information was provided to parents about programs implemented by the governemnt for children participating in sports competitions. As a result, 18 girls participated in the block level events.

COVID response through KMAGVS:


• Dry ration distribution with CRY support – KMAGVS has completed distribution to 795 households against the planned 480 families (166% achievement). And to 325 households against the planned 222 families (146% achievement).

Case Story: The end of a mother’s worries:


Anjali (name changed) is from a very traditional family in Govind Nagar Village of Latur. Her mother is illiterate, but she believes that education is essential, even if her husband does not. The difference of opinions between them about education sometimes causes problems. She wants her children to be educated, but he is completely opposed to it. And the irony is that the father who feels he is the decision-maker in the family is disabled and cannot work. Anjali’s mother has taken the responsibility of earning a livelihood for the family. Anjali is 16 years old and her mother not only convinced her husband to let her daughter go to the village government school for her elementary education but also for secondary education to a school which is far away from the village. Her mother asked her relatives for support but no one helped her. She was very disappointed and could not see any way to educate her daughter and wondered how the people around her did not understand that it was her daughter’s right. She was afraid that her children would inherit her fate. KMAGVS came to her rescue and always supported her continuity of education and motivated the family to ensure Anjali appeared for her board exams. Being a part of an adolescent group she received support from her peers and older girls from the community who excelled in education and received guidance and books for her preparation of board exams. Her mother prayed to God that somehow her children would have a different life than hers. In July, when results of Anjali’s board marks were announced she scored a top score of 80 per cent. Her mother now is sure that her dreams will come true and is happy that she has proved that she’s among the best students in her class. She even helps her brothers study. “My dreams have come true and it makes me so happy when she goes to school!” (Quote from her Mother).

Plans


KMAGVS will be working in the following KRAs and activities under Education and Protection for the upcoming year:

❖ KRA: Enhance enrollment, retention, regular attendance and transition through community engagement.

● Strengthening on existing CBO groups and capacity building on child right issues
● Orientation and sensitization with different community level stakeholders like PRI , Anganwadi workers and ASHA.
● Capacity building exercise with SMC members on various issues of education and RTE
● SMCs4 supported in developing SDPs and ensuring raising the issues of education with authorities
● Facilitate regular meetings of VCPC and SMCs4 to ensure quality in education and prevention of child labor and child marriage.
● Home visits by staff members to children who are poorly attending or dropped out to ensure continuity of education
● Networking with likeminded organizations to raise demand for RTE5 compliant infrastructure and services
● Home visits by staff members to children who are poorly attending or dropped out to ensure continuity of education

❖ KRA: Improve educational outcome achievements and more results in board examinations.

● Engage youth by holding support classes at the community level to ensure mainstreaming drop-outs and never enrolled students
● Track the transition to higher class and attendance of children at school level

❖ KRA: Strengthen communities to protect children from child labor, child marriage, child sexual abuse, substance abuse and physical abuses.

● Regular Meetings with Children, adolescent groups, PRIs2 and other stakeholders on Child protection issues
● Awareness session/ Kalapathak -street play to disseminate information regarding prevention of child labor/ migration/ marriage and abuse

❖ KRA: Child protection mechanisms and structures will be fully functional at all levels in the project area as per norms and functioning effectively.

● VCPC7 Members cluster level training on VCPC Manual
● Facilitate regular meetings of VCPC and SMCs4 to ensure quality in education and prevention of child labor and child marriage.
● KMAGVS will have established a network with all Child protection structures across district (child line/ labor department /Department of Women and Child Development (DWCD)/District Child Protection Unit (DCPU)/ District Child Protection Centre (DCPC) etc.)
● Quarterly Sensitization and interface with Juvenile Justice Protection Officer (JJPO), and state police structures.

❖ KRA: Formation and strengthening of child collectives and adolescent collectives in the operational area.

● Children’s group formation and strengthening on group norms.
● Facilitation by team members for regular meetings (monthly) for children’s groups.
● Ensure 100% adolescent girls’ participation of adolescent collectives.
● Life skill training sessions with adolescent groups based on the child center module.
● Selection and capacity building of girls on theatrical skills for Kala Pathak Programs.

- Community Based Organizers
- Panchayati Raj Institutions
- Accredited Social Health Activist
- School Management Committee
- Right To Education
- School Development Plan
- Village Level Child Protection Committee
● Facilitation by team members for regular meetings (monthly) for adolescent groups.
● Formation of adolescent boys’ groups and ensure interface meetings with girls’ groups.


Total amount disbursed in 2020 - 23,920


Financial Summary: January to December 2021


Budget Breakup 2021

Education

13,321

55%

Protection

5,573

23%

Participation

562

2%

Administration

4,986

20%

Total Grant Approved

24,442

100%