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Location

11 villages in Kotra block of Udaipur district in Rajasthan
Thematic Focus: Education and Protection


Project Background

Kotra Adivasi Sansthan (KAS) is registered under Societies Registration Act and has been working since 1998 in Kotra block of Udaipur district in Rajasthan. KAS was formed to support the people’s name Adivasi Vikas Manch (AVM) initiated in 1993 and took up programs and activities for the issues of tribal community. KAS is a people centered organization. The vision of the organization is to create a self-reliant organization for supporting the tribes struggle for the attainment of overall development of the tribal community of Kotra Block. The key element of its working strategy is operating through people's institutions at the village level and initiating action on village level development issues. Community mobilization and facilitating the process of making village level organizations proactive, has been as well as continues to be done through organizing issue based community organizations. The prominent areas in which the organization has worked extensively are land and forest rights of tribal communities, local governance, migrations and women empowerment.

Problem Statement:


The educational situation has continued to be grim due to priority of livelihood, which is a daily struggle for the community living in semi-arid hilly terrain on the verge of desertification. The institutional infrastructure such as Anganwadi centers under ICDS (Integrated Child Development Scheme) for pre-school education, primary schools, middle schools and high schools has remained inadequate resulting in consolidation of challenge in terms of physical access barrier to education among the project’s target community, the children. The inadequacy in human resources and other facilities in few existing schools do not inspire confidence among the community as there is hardly any learning achievement in entry level classes resulting in low level of transition to higher classes from already poor enrolment. The low learning achievements and high dropout have remained worrying issues which this project is endeavoring to address including the causative factors. The organization has initiated working on education space, especially strengthening implementation of Right to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) act, bridge courses to address wide educational access divide. However, a lot needs to be done.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

KRA: Improve access to education through strengthening the School Management Committee (SMC) in 6 primary and 3 secondary schools, facilities in schools, and community based organizations (CBOs).

● Conduct a training program of the project team on provisions of RTE, mechanisms of SMC and members' role and responsibilities, after which the team will conduct SMC members orientation meetings.
● Conduct SMCs’ orientation on roles and responsibilities and scopes of School Development Plan (SDP) in addressing educational infrastructure Y services.
● Ensure regular quarterly review meetings of SMCs are organized to discuss schools services & facilities, and educational challenges faced by children.
● Regular follow up to be taken up with the SMC members on the action taken.
● Conduct a gap assessment for separate toilets for boys & girls and ensure enough toilets are constructed and made functional in all project’s schools.
● Tracking all schooling going children in the project villages to ensure total enrolment and transition.
● Organize monthly meetings of 11 CBOs and community to improve community monitoring of children for regularity in school, availability of essentials, counseling families of irregular and drop out children.
● Organize interface meeting with SMC, CBOs, teachers, education officials and PRI to address challenges faced by community and schools.

● 21 meetings were held with the SMC members and other important people of the village. 383 people participated in these meetings. Issues of infrastructure related to boundary wall, hand-pump etc. were discussed. The organization is maintaining the record of children going to the school.
● Four SMCs were formed during this year. One SMC in Baghawar provided support in repairing the school.
● 68 children were enrolled in class I in 5 Primary Schools of 4 Panchayats.
● 49 children were provided support to enroll in grade 6th from grade 5th.
● 11 boys were supported by the organization to enroll in 9th standard from 8th standard.
● There were 7 teachers who were appointed in primary school. There were 54 subject teachers who were deputed for two months for standard 10th and 12th before board exams. There are 1,100 children who benefitted from advocacy impact for teacher support in 22 schools of Kotda.
● 4 new fans in school, replacement of gas cylinder for Mid-day Meal, levelling of grounds, hand-pump and mitigation of encroachment were some of the work done by SMC this year in their respective school.
● 38 CBO meetings were held to sensitize community members about concerns of children, school, electricity, MNREGA , health and hygiene issues, social security schemes, PDS, child labor etc. A total of 887 community members participated in these meetings which resulted in the following actions:
o 2,519 persons were able to get a link under MNREGA and the team ensured their weekly payment.
o 34 households were provisioned with electricity in Jher panchayat
o Regular discussion to control child labor resulted in taking the issue to the state Chief Minister and later to the Anti Human Trafficking unit in Udaipur so as to control it among the neighboring state boundary areas.
o 8 children who were not in school, 4 dropout children and 7 child laborers enrolled in CACs .
o 103 persons in 11 villages were linked to the pension scheme and 17 families were provided PDS service.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

KRA: Improve learning outcomes through remedial / additional support classes in Community Action Centers (CACs) and schools.

● Improve infrastructure in 5 CACs to provide a comfortable learning environment.
● Conduct 2 capacity building programs (4 days each) of 5 CAC teachers and 6 primary school teachers with the help of expert agency Vidya Bhavan, which will further assist in pedagogy refinements and deploying mechanism for learning achievement performance monitoring through periodic assessment of student’s learning and feedback to teachers on methodology and pedagogy.
● Register 188 identified eligible & needy children in the age-group of 6-14 years, and another 231 girls in the age-group of 15-18 years.
● Organize sports and learning events/ festivals in 5 CACs and 6 primary schools for holistic development and education of children.
● Facilitate enrolment of children aged 15-18 years and especially girls in NOIS to ensure they clear board exams and continue their education.

● Total 184 children were enrolled in CACs and 256 children in 6 primary schools are being done on a regular basis.
● 6 primary school teachers were regularly coached by Vidya Bhavan.
● Two CACs in Sandaria and Nal Sandmaria were taken over by the local persons. Personal meetings by select persons were able to get the centers free from the local persons.
● 606 children of 6 schools and 4 CACs were provided educational support materials.
● 78 children in 15- 18 years were enrolled in NIOS through Siksha Setu scheme.
● 199 children (104 boys and 95 girls) in the age group of 15 -18 years were identified through a survey to enlist children who are out-of-school and those who migrate to other areas.
● Teaching Learning Materials (TLM) were utilized for imparting education in both Hindi and mathematics among children in the primary schools. Records were maintained about the experiences of the teachers in 6 schools.
● Post COVID 19, the situation has changed and focus is more on relief and combats the virus and its spread.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

KRA: Strengthen agency of children through children collectives, life skills and vocational training.

● Formation of 6 children collectives (CC) amongst children from standard 4th & 5th in 6 primary schools in the project area.
● Conduct orientation of 6 teachers, 5 coordinators and 3 community organizers on life skills education as ToT, who would conduct the training for CCs.
● Formation of 11 adolescent collectives in 11 villages, especially including the out-of-school girls.
● Transact life skills in education (LSE) module through approximately 200 children registered in 6 children and 11 adolescent collectives.
● Select 30 children through the ‘Buland Housley ki Pehal’ (BHKP) campaign for continuation of education and vocational training for suitable jobs.
● Conduct regular follow-up with children, their parents, & institutions to ensure they continue education or be part of vocational training for a better career.

● 11 children collectives were formed and made functional in 11 villages with 367 children as members.
● 4 adolescent groups were formed with 73 females.
● Four team members have participated in the Life Skill workshop in Ajmer during the period. They will be providing insights to the other team members about the Life Skills.
● 6 out of 48 out of school children got married. Nearly half of them are in labor or in agriculture. Meeting was held with 16 participants and they decided that 9 children will get training in tailoring, 4 in two wheeler repairing and one of them will take loan from the bank and start his own business. Two children wish to be regular in education. Regular follow was done and selection of 30 children was done for BHKP.
● 58 children of 15- 18 years were followed up for enrollment in vocational training; out of them 8 were engaged in tailoring and 9 were trained as mechanic; 4 were enrolled in school. However the vocational training program could not be done due to restriction by the government to hold any meeting during and post lockdown due to COVID 19. Follow up with adolescent children were done.

Relief work carried out by KAS during the Pandemic:


All the following activities were undertaken to ensure that all families and their children are provided with required food and other benefits of social security schemes. Also, these activities have ensured that migration to neighboring states is reduced. The organization has team members for support and also volunteers in each village that provided support during relief work at the time of COVID 19 lockdown. The organization was also involved in information dissemination to villagers about ways to control COVID 19 and preventive measures to take to avoid the disease.

Food distribution: Food distribution during lockdown was done in 262 villages of the block. KAS was part of the coordination team of the block administration and ensured that every family gets ration food during lockdown. They have helped all the families in the block with or without ration cards to get required food during the lockdown and also after the opening of the lockdown
Provisioning of sanitary napkins for adolescents at doorstep: The education department had sanitary napkins which were provided to the Anganwadi workers who in turn made it available to all the adolescent girls at their homes. The project team discussed with district administration and ensured provision of sanitary napkins to 6,317 adolescents at their doorstep.



Social security schemes: Provided support to the block administration in identification and provision of social security schemes like pension, funds for the physically challenged, and also other needy and eligible people with Palanhar scheme. The team worked with Bank Correspondents in ensuring that banks reach the people at their village level and distribute funds of social security schemes.
Wages from Forest Department to families for Tendu leaves: Project team working with the government ensured regular employment for 3,000 people, getting daily wage for tendu leaves plucking activity for 15 days. A total of 45,000 workdays of benefit was generated for the project community through this initiative.
Voluntary donation during lockdown by local people for needy families: The organization collected 2 quintal of wheat and 20 kgs of rice and Rs. 10,000/- (ten thousand only) through voluntary donations from local people who can afford to share. The organization has reached and provided support with this resource to the neediest families.
Employment generation through MNREGA: The organization has liaised with the government and ensured access to MNREGA work and regular wages to the 11,637 eligible persons in the block.
Provisioning of Take Home Ration (THR) and immunization: The organization is actively working with CDPO for provision of availability of THR at home and also regular immunization of children, pregnant and lactating women

Plans


Log Frame Indicators Program Activities Planned

Goal Area- Education

Strengthening of SMCs and CBOs for proper implementation of Right To Education (RtE) Act

● Capacity Building of SMC members
● Sorting out of issues identified by SMC through liaising with local administration.
● Preparation and implementation of School Development Plan.
● Regular meeting of CBOs to sort out issues related to school.

Ensuring enrolment and retention of children in the schools

● Ensuring enrolment of children in school (drop out, never enrolled children);
● Ensuring retention of children in school;
● Transition tracking of children in the school

Improving quality of education to children in school, out of school and never been to school

● Capacity Building of teachers and CAC instructors for imparting quality education to children in CAC and primary school;
● Regular assessment to understand the learning level of children

Strengthening of adolescent girls group

● Regular meeting of adolescent girls groups and sorting out issues related to them.
● Imparting regular life skill education to these adolescent girls

Ensure out of school adolescent children to continue education or avail vocational training

● Selection and working closely with 30 out of school adolescent children to either enrol in school (through regular school or NIOS) or enrol in vocational training;
● Regular follow up with each child, their parents and institutions for helping them continue education or be part of vocational training for better and skilled jobs.



Total amount disbursed in 2020 - 28,003


Financial Summary: January to December 2021


Budget Breakup 2021

Education

20,721

77%

Participation

1,017

4%

Administration

5,033

19%

Total Grant Approved

26,771

100%