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8 slums of Sadar Block, Bilaspur District Chhattisgarh
Thematic Focus: Education & Nutrition

Background of the Project

Mitwa Mahila Kalyan Evam Seva Samiti (MMKSS) is an organization originated from a group of good friends, who were bound together as the self-help group (SHG) members working in tribal villages of Chhattisgarh. These women, along with savings and thrift practices, had continued to work together for the development of poor vulnerable women and children over the last decade. The organization got registered on 14th June 2004 and is currently working in a focused way for the development of children and women in the urban area of the Bilaspur especially amongst the children and migrant families living in slums along with beggar communities. Ms. Santoshi Verma, is the project holder, and leads the team as Chief Executive since its registration. The focus has been education, health, child participation and women empowerment. The organization has also initiated the process of addressing the issues of substance abuse and malnutrition. It strategizes to ensure women and child rights over education, health and participation through capacity building and community awareness by organizing women and children to raise their voices against discrimination. The organization has formed groups, supported children by taking additional classes by the animators and prepares profiles of the children to map the yearly progress of children. Throughout the years, the organization has focused on 100% immunization of children and pregnant women of the 8 slums and strengthening the Anganwadis on the functioning of six services in the concerned slums. The organization also has focused on the participation of children and adolescent groups through motivating them to form children and adolescent groups in the slums in Bilaspur.

Problem Statement:

Bilaspur is the largest city in the state of Chhattisgarh and the seat of the High Court of Chhattisgarh. The residential area is spread over Municipal Corporation Area and is characterized by irregular street patterns and low-rise buildings mainly with terracotta tiled roofs. The total slum population of the city is about 85,128 (Source: DPR of Integrated Housing and Slum Development Program- IHSDP). These are mostly situated behind the railway track. The source of income for most of these slum dwellers and migrant populations consist of daily wage work, rag picking for recycling, housemaids (women), hawking vegetables and household essentials, casual wage labor and even begging. Women are either housemaids or are engaged as daily wage casual labors and very few are into hawking. Children are mainly engaged in rag picking and begging. They are also addicted to smoking and alcohol, and a large number of them are out of school. Some are dropouts while others have never been enrolled. There is a strong presence of caste system which is observed in the communities as the communities do not prefer to have meals together. Social discrimination exists within the communities of SC, ST, others inhabiting in the Fadakhar and other slums. The basic amenities are either very meager or not functional in these areas like- drinking water, sanitation, electricity, etc. Facilities from municipality and other govt. schemes are mostly defunct. MMKSS through its intervention has been able to improve the educational situation to some extent, however, there is still a need of improvements. There is inadequacy of subject based teachers in the schools and many of the requirements as per the RTE (Right to Free and Compulsory Education) Act regulations are yet to be achieved. Issue of dropping out is prevailing in these slums as children are getting addicted to substance abuse and child labor. In the ICDS (Integrated Child Development Scheme) centers the Anganwadi Workers have not implemented ECCE (early childhood care & education) on full scale till now. Health and nutrition are other critical challenge domains in this area that need to be addressed. The children stay in unhygienic conditions of slums and the ICDS centers are also not well equipped with trained workers to address the health issue of children.

Achievements & Impact

Key Result Areas Achievements

Result Areas: Children in the age group 3-6 years from 8 slums are enrolled in Anganwadi and learning as per ECCE (Early Childhood Care and Education) curriculum.

* Sensitization of community and other last mile stakeholders and all stakeholders understand the need of fully functional ICDS, by organizing meetings with community, ICDS workers, Mahila Mandals (women collectives), and elected Ward members.
* Meetings with District Program Officers and other ICDS officials on the issue of opening of new ICDS centers/ repair work in existing centers/ progress of applications submitted etc.
* Child to child tracking regarding enrolment and retention of children in ICDS centers.
* Regular follow-ups with community-based monitoring groups and their maintenance of monitoring registers.
* Staff to work on ECCE curriculum and sensitize community members on the same through monthly meetings.

* 13 ICDS workers got trained by both the government department and project on transaction of TLM (Teaching and Learning Material) for pre-school education.
* All the ICDS centers have received TLM (Teaching and Learning Material) as prescribed by the government for ECCE implementation. They have started employing the same in their ICDS centers.
* Due to regular follow up by team with the support of ICDS workers and ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) workers the project team was successfully able to link all the identified mothers to their respective support system.
* All the ICDS workers have implemented the concepts of ECCE curriculum and also started teaching through TLM and also developed additional materials to teach children and enhance their creativity and understanding level.

Key Result Areas Achievements

Result Areas: All 9 schools receiving infrastructure as per RTE norms and all children in the 8 slums under the project are enrolled in schools.

* Sensitization of community on norms RTE Act and their significance in all schools through meetings and awareness programs.
* Pass community resolution on demand regarding availability of teachers and infrastructure in schools as per RTE norms. Regular follow up to secure the same.
* Developing training materials of joyful learning for class transactions on language and mathematics; identifying and training teachers.

* 9 new teachers were appointed in primary schools (class 1st – 5th) and 2 new teachers appointed in middle school (class 6th – 8th).
* 4 SMCs (School Management Committees) have developed their SDP (School Development Plan) as per provisions of the RTE Act. The other five SMCs are also working on their SDPs which need to be approved by the department.
* Team has started tracking the utilization of libraries by children. It was observed that 30% of children are using the library on a regular basis. This practice is expected to improve learning among the children.
* 24 drop out children got enrolled in the school.

* Track children to identify irregular, drop out, child labor, addicted to substance abuse. This is to be used in meeting with the community to mainstream them including enrolling in open schools.

* 1,769 children from 6-18 age groups are enrolled in regular schools. The attendance is monitored by CBOs and projects through regular interaction with respective parents and community members.
* 171 children were enrolled for school board examination. Out of them 152 children appeared in the examination and 76 children were able to successfully clear the examination.

Key Result Areas Achievements

Result Areas: Children in the age group 0 – 6 years and pregnant women enroll in Anganwadi and received all nutritional and health care services under ICDS and reduce malnutrition.

* Collect data of all children in the age group 0-5 years & pregnant women and maintain slum wise register and conduct individual level tracking.
* Organize a meeting with Anganwadi workers and other health workers to ensure 100% immunization of children and pregnant women.
* Track immunization of pregnant women for one-time immunizations & boosters.
* Visit ICDS Anganwadi centers and organize sensitization meetings on importance of regular health check-up of children, tracking weights, documentation of the same (including food diary) and disseminating information to the parents and make them aware regarding malnutrition and do regular follow-up visit to home of malnourished children.

* 12 Anganwadi have received height chart for pregnant women and adolescent girls.
* 100% immunization was ensured in the community with the support of ANM (Auxiliary Nurse Mid-wife) and ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) workers.
* Through Food diary team has ensured the tracking of complementary feeding from the 7th month. All 353 mothers of 6 to 60 months children have reported that their child was weighed at the AWC (Anganwadi Center) on a regular basis during this reporting year.
* 13 ICDS workers have ensured the regular updating of growth monitoring chart to identify SAM and MAM children in the implementation area.
* 80% of children identified as SAM were referred to NRC.
* 2 AWCs have separate kitchen space for cooking meals in the AWC.

Key Result Areas Achievements

Result Areas: Bring attitudinal change among pregnant women in their feeding practices.

* Organize meetings and focused group discussion with the community, ICDS workers and health workers on a monthly basis and create awareness regarding good practices on health and feeding practices.
* Collect data of all pregnant women and maintain a slum wise register, conduct pregnant women tracking and motivate them for institutional deliveries.

* 60 out of 65 pregnant women had institutional deliveries as a result of individual level tracking and Counselling
* All the targeted mothers of 65 children have reported to have done exclusive breast feeding during the first year.


Key Result Areas Major Program Activities Planned for 2020

All children aged 3-6 years from 8 project slums are enrolled and receiving the Early Childhood Care and Education in ICDS Anganwadi centers.

* Conduct capacity building meetings on a quarterly basis with Anganwadi workers to ensure quality conduct of ECCE.
* Orient the team for tracking of services provided by ICDS as per norms.
* Ensure 100% retention of 286 Children in 13 Anganwadi Centers.
* Ensure 100% enrolment of newly identified children (in AWC) through monthly meetings in 8 groups.

Key Result Areas Major Program Activities Planned for 2020

Ensure access to quality school education for all children aged 6-18 years in 8 project slums.

* Facilitate regular monthly meetings of 9 School Management Committees (SMCs) with 70% attendance through motivating 144 SMC members to understand & address various issues in school.
* Assist SMCs in developing School Development Plans (SDPs) to ensure all 9 schools have facilities & infrastructure as per RTE Act.
* Tracking 1582 children in 8 slums to ensure 98% transition amongst children aged 6-14 years and 85% transition amongst children aged 15-18 years and 100% regularity in classes.
* Ensure at least 10 eligible dropouts are enrolled in National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS).
* Conduct one-day training of teachers and project team with the support of DIET (District Institute of Education & Training) resource person.
* Motivate at least one children collective and adolescent collective for meeting.
* Transact CRY Child Center modules on life skills with all children collectives in 8 slums and motivate them for monthly meetings.

Key Result Areas Major Program Activities Planned for 2020

All 13 AWC provide all the five basic services as per ICDS norms.

* Ensure all 13 AWC continue to provide all 5 mandated basic services such as Supplementary nutritious food, Health checkup, Immunization, Referral services, Life skill education to adolescent girls, and ECCE
* Strengthen community monitoring groups to ensure Anganwadis are monitored for quality and completeness for services.

Financial Summary: January to December 2020

Budget Breakup 2020










Total Grant Approved