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21 villages of Chandel and Tengnoupal districts in Manipur
Thematic Intervention: Protection


New Era Environmental & Development Society (NEEDS) is a project partner of CRY – Child Rights and You in the border state of Manipur since 2008-09. It has its genesis in peace building initiatives in an intense armed insurgency affected state, initiated by the founder, Mr. K. Morang Maring in 1993. In the initial years (1993-96) their objective was to engage with different tribal communities with a clear view to reduce the inter-tribe conflicts, including the more frequent and well known Naga–Kuki conflicts, and subsequently the Kuki–Paite conflicts over 1996–98. Peace efforts in large armed conflicts environment involved lot of confrontation with the insurgent groups which often involved putting oneself into life threatening situations. In one of such situation the founder was shot dead in front of his house, as a consequence, NEEDS had to completely stall their peace building operations from 2001–03. However, the operations resumed after the election of the new Board in 2005.

Problem Statement

The state of Manipur has witnessed political armed conflicts for over five decades now. Besides the armed conflicts driven by the insurgent groups, the state has also witnessed deep-rooted conflicts between warring tribes like the Nagas & Kukis, or even between the hill tribes and people living in the plains. These conflicts have not only disturbed and broken the socio-economic fabric of the society in the state but have also led to mass displacements internally. The current operational area of NEEDS is one such set of villages inhabited by displaced communities, near international border with Myanmar. Development interventions in armed conflict situations are challenging for they involve life threats, power playing stakeholders are too many, and dynamics are much more complex. However, the need of executing development intervention is high in such areas, especially for children, women and powerless groups.

Many mothers become widow due to lost of their husbands in the conflict and HIV/AIDS infection; and thus many children become orphans due to lost of their mothers or fathers due HIV/AIDS and other related sicknesses. Children are also affected with HIV/AIDS. Drugs and substance abuse has been very common to children whose parents could not take proper care and protection. Many children who joined the arm groups hardly return home and their fate become so uncertain. Child sexual abuse and sexual assault to children becomes almost the daily news of the state. Unsafe migration of children to other cities outside the state and the youths to neighbouring countries is another challenge of the state and the society. The state Social Welfare Department has so far brought back to the state more than 400 trafficked children from various big cities of India. MACR itself engaged in more than 100 cases of rescue with other network.

Chandel is one of most vulnerable hills district of the state due to its proximity to international border. There are instances of armed conflict in between the armed groups; there are instances of ethnic conflict, migration within the district due to armed movements. In this situation the surroundings to the children are also not safe and protected to stay in the village. Parents always tried its best to place the children in protective institution for holistic child right development of children. The ignorance among the community people and they often send their children outside the district/state for education or other purpose. This has lead to migration of children to other states and subjected to various forms of abuse. This year efforts have been made to sensitise the community and to verify with CWC before sending children to outside the community.

There are gaps at the governance functioning. At community level there are various structure related to the customary practices, religious practices and political structure. These groups are very structured and rigid in respect to their practices. Sometime they violate the constitutional provisions as well, and defy them. At the Government level the non-implementation of child protection schemes like ICPS have rendered a huge challenge. Also proper support in terms of infrastructure and financial provisions has not been provided to CWC and it has impacted the entire child rights scenario. There are gaps in practices, women police officers are in all the police stations of the districts, but they are not well aware about their roles and responsibilities as per the POCSO guideline, there was no organised training program for them.

Achievements & Impact

Key Result Area: Enhanced implementation of policies and laws pertaining to ICPS and JAA, POCSO and Trafficking in Chandel district

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Orientation Meeting with 147 members of 21 VLCPC’s on planning for child protection in respective territory
* 7 Village Level Child Protection Committee (CPC) are formed in collaboration with District Child Protection Unit (DCPU)

* 150 members of 21 VLCPC’s were oriented on ICPS, guidelines for VLCPC formation, and roles of Teacher, DCPU and ICDS Supervisors in micro-planning process.
* 75 members of VLCPC were oriented for second exercise
* Tracking and mapping was done of all children in 5 villages.
* Invitation also came in from 5 villages’ chiefs for new VLCPC formation. But was postponed due to prioritization of reported cases of child trafficking and sexual abuse from Moreh block. These will be formed in the coming quarters.

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Awareness program in 6 boarding schools on child rights issues, POCSO and JJ Act – for 500 children and 60 teachers in these 6 schools
* Conduct life skill training for 240 student leaders at block level using the Block (level) Children’s Forum
* Conduct 7 orientation program on life skills for teaching and non-teaching staff

* Program covered 2,533 children, 80 teachers and 21 schools under the awareness program, which included 5 private boarding schools as well
* 3 rounds of trainings were conducted for 200 children across 5 villages
* CRY conducted life skills training for project staff. Subsequently, three rounds of trainings were organized for selected Teachers and Non-Teaching Staff.

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* At least 3 police stations recognised as child friendly police stations
* At least 2 un-registered Children Homes are prepared for registration and receiving grants under Integrated Child Protection Schemes (ICPS) in the district
* Children cultural exposure to cultural institutions / centers

* Two meeting were held for formation of child-friendly police station. The Chandel district meeting was with the SP, OC and DC of Chandel district. The Tengoupal meeting was with the SP
* 15 Child Care Institutions (CCI) were visited, reviewed & their staff were oriented; 28 institutions were recommended;
* 6 CCI sanctioned & received ICPS grants from Government.
* 63 children were exposed to various places of interest at State level;
* 42 children were been exposed through MACR program at State level.

Update on Engagement with the Government:

* NEEDS worked well in coordination with the government and quasi-government stakeholders of DCPU, SAA, SJPU, Childline, Women Helpline, MCPCR, CWC, JJB, MSALSA, Children home. There were instances of coordination among these stake holders- in case of Melody Laishram (survivor of sexual abuse) – accused was in Commando forces – FIR was filed, CWC rehabilitated the survivors in shelter home, DCPU managed the transportation and other arrangement, SJPU did the enquiry and case was placed in the Special POCSO court.
* In case of Mr. Tongkhosat of Heirok village- coordination was ensured with the SSA, Police, CWC, DCPU and compensation was honoured by the SSA to the victim.
* Similarly in 22 numbers of cases- coordination was ensured, where govt stake holders were coordinating with the line department. A list of 21 VLCPC’s was submitted to the DCPU for recognition of the process by the department. In this regard, there was a joint meeting of the NEEDS project team and the DCPU officials. Furthermore meeting was held with the DC of Chandel for release of victim compensation.

Update on Engagement with the Government:

* Project team also met with the State Social Welfare Minister along with the parents of victim of CSA for getting the victim compensation. Rs.20,000/- for each victim has been disbursed by the department. Meeting was held with the OC of the Women Police Station at Chandel for the medical investigation report of the one of CSA case, in this regard meeting also held with the SP of the district.
* Total 76 children were recommended by the CWC of Chandel for care and protection under the Child Care Institution. Block level coordination workshop organized at Khanshim village- where 58 women leaders participated in the process along with the presence of VA, DCPU, SJPU, CWC and JJB.
* This year total Rs.3,50,000/- has been sanctioned by the department under victim compensation scheme for interim and final compensation of the survivors. Coordination established in terms of responses of the 22 cases (in regard to the disclosure, FIR, enquiry report, placement in the special POCSO court, interim and final compensation).


Deliverable Activity Project Goal
Micro-Planning at VCPC towards model building for at least 10 villages
Development of Micro plans for 10 villages, finalized and submitted with DCPS (District Child Protection Society) Conduct VLCPC Meetings for Micro Planning 20 meetings
Development of Micro Plans for Project VLCPCs 10 VLCPC
Joint meeting of the representatives of the VLCPCs, DCPS and DCPO for submission of the Micro Plans 1 meeting

Deliverable Activity Project Goal
Proactive engagement with the JJ functionaries & ICPS officials
Secure statutory sanction for Village Level Child Protection Committees (VLCPCs) Meeting with DCPS for notification at district level for formation of VCPC 2 meeting
Block Level Child Protection Committee Formed. Block level consultation meeting with Chief, VA, DCPU, SJPU,CWC,JJB, DCPU on POCSO and JJ Act 6 Blocks, 200 leaders & officials
Meeting with DCPU for formation of BCPC 1 meeting
Formation of BCPC 1 BCPC
Strengthen stakeholder interface for improved implementation of JJ Act and ICPS District level consultation of Apex Body and the district level Government Officials (DCPS/ JJB/ CWC/ SJPU/ DCPU) on POCSO and JJ act 50 leaders and officials participation
District level meeting of CWC/ DCPU/ other inspection committee members in collaboration with MACR on CCI inspection 2 meeting
Secure benefits under ICPS for the children in need of care and protection (CNCP). Meeting with DCPU for ensuring the benefits of the Sponsorship Scheme reach CNCP. 50 children
Meeting with the CWC and DCPU for referral of the CNCP children in Institution. 50 children

Deliverable Activity Project Goal
Direct engagement with Children in School/ CCI/ VCPC
Children, CCI and schools are sensitized on right to protection issues, and children and stakeholders are better equipped to address CR violations School awareness program in schools 10 schools, 8,000 children
Awareness program with CCI 10 CCI 500 children
Exposure visit of the children. 100 children
Improved life skills among children prepare them to face challenges of life confidently Life skill training at Schools 300 children
Life skill training with children in VCPC villages 400 children
Football tournament by VCPC at cluster level 1000 children

Deliverable Activity Project Goal
Engagement with Apex Tribal body/ community interaction
Strengthen community leadership engagement in securing rights of children and addressing violations of rights. Block level consultation with the Apex body leaders 200 apex leaders
District level consultation with Apex body leaders 40 leaders
Joint meeting of Block level children’s club leader with the Apex body leaders regarding challenges and aspirations of the children 20 child leaders
Fact finding visits and follow-ups 10 cases

Deliverable Activity Project Goal
Capacity Building of the VCPC/Staffs
Primary stakeholders are capacitated to facilitate proactive actions in protecting children from rights violations. Training/ capacity building of the VCPC members on developing the norms of safety for children. 5 Trainings, 21 VCPCs, 200 members
Training program at Tengnoupal Police station on child friendly police station in collaboration with MACR. 1 Training
Staff training on Child Friendly Police station guideline- developed by NCPCR 1 Training, 5 staffs
District level capacity building program with ICDS supervisor/ teachers/ DCPU on guideline of VCPC. 50 service providers

Financial Summary: January to December 2019

Budget Breakup 2019







Total Grant Approved