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Location

Chandel district in Manipur
Thematic Focus: Protection


Background

NEEDS was initiated with an objective of peace building among ethnic tribal communities across 10 villages in Churachandpur and Chandel districts of Manipur, where they were long affected by insurgencies. The founder, Mr. K. Morang Maring hailed from the local tribe community and had the insight to realize that the people of such communities are deprived from any kind of development. NEEDS initiated a peace building effort so that fighting groups understand the dynamics behind the conflicts and disengage themselves from killing each other. The current project holder, Mr. Angshem, has also been a victim of ethnic conflicts. He has been working with communities through NGOs in Odisha with a focus on training of community groups on peace building. It has worked closely with different formed groups under the churches and the tribe groups, in addition to the groups of children organized in all the project villages. It has organized a series of meetings with all the village chiefs and the village authority and also formed the people’s committee for child right to protection in the operational area.

Problem Statement

The state of Manipur has witnessed political armed conflicts for over five decades now. Besides the armed conflicts driven by the insurgent groups, the state has also witnessed deep-rooted conflicts between warring tribes like the Nagas & Kukis, and even between the hill tribes and people living in the plains. These conflicts have not only disturbed and broken the socio-economic fabric of the society in the state but have also led to mass internal displacements. The current operational area of NEEDS is one such set of villages inhabited by displaced communities, near the international border with Myanmar. Here, the situation of women and children has been adverse all along, with high incidences of child rights violations. However, a vibrant young widow mother’s collective, formed among widows of the men who died in the conflicts or due to HIV-AIDS, has evolved over the period of time, which is helping members address their challenges.
The goal of the project is to “Build a protective environment for the children that are free from violence and sexual abuse”. NEEDS aims towards enhanced implementation of policies and laws pertaining to the Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS), Juvenile Justice Act (JJA), and Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO). NEEDS follows a multi-layered intervention approach to tackle the issues of violence against children in the operational area extending over 21 villages of Chandel and Tengoupal districts.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Micro-Planning by VCPC (Village Child Protection Committee) towards model building for at least 10 villages

* Meetings with parents and children were conducted in all the VCPCs.
* Documentations have been done for micro-planning in 15 villages.
* 15 VCPC interacted with the DCPO (District Child Protection Officer) and the NCPCR (National Commission for Protection of Child Rights) panel and submitted their plan for the village.

* 146 vulnerable children were identified and submitted the list of 53 children from all the VCPCs through meetings with DCPU.
* Due to the activeness of VCPC, DCPO and CWC (Child Welfare Committee) more and more people are approaching for accessing the compensation.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Proactive engagement with the JJ (Juvenile Justice) functionaries & ICPS (Integrated Child Protection Scheme) officials.

* 3 cases of CNCP (Child in Need of Care and Protection) are identified and prime moved by JJB (Juvenile Justice Board). The proactiveness of the ICPS has helped in moving the cases.
* 50 reported cases were disposed of by the CWC within 4 months of reporting. Awareness and sensitization at community level worked well as can be noticed from the increasing number of people approaching the CWC for remedies.

Direct engagement with Children in School / CCI (Child Care Institutions) / VCPC

* In 17 villages, life skill programs have been organized with the children covering 431 children.
* 100 children were taken on an exposure trip. The program was organized with children home wherein life skill training and fun programs took place.
* 6,876 children were covered in school awareness programs which were organized in 10 residential schools.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Engagement with Apex Tribal body / community interaction

* 3 district level consultations have been organized where 222 apex body leaders participated from various ethnic groups.
* Interaction of 20 child leaders with the tribe apex bodies has been facilitated. These were done to develop and strengthen common understanding on challenges and aspiration of the children.
* 72 leaders from the apex body participated at the district level consultations with the service providers.
* All staff in the police station were oriented on the concept, features and mechanisms of child friendly police stations and they are maintaining the record as per the norms.

Update on major advocacy events /campaigns that may have taken place on ground:


* The basic facilities used by children such as ICDS center, school building, health center in some of the project villages are in very poor state and local government officials are not attending to them. Thus, the project mobilized 15 VCPCs from the project area to file applications to the NCPCR with all necessary documents including the village profile and list of vulnerable children. The VCPCs, as per the guidance of the project team, attended the NCPCR’s Public Hearing at Chandel. The committee hearing the grievances issues a token number to the applicants for follow up. Subsequently, the NCPCR issued direction to the district administration to conduct follow up against the application submitted by the NEEDS and the VCPC and take immediate action. As per the direction the government officials visited the villages and interacted with the VCPC members so that further actions can be initiated.
* The NCPCR norms include guidelines for making police child friendly through training police force and making police stations child friendly. In order to achieve this, the project conducted a series of programs with the police department in Moreh and the Kakching. The NCPCR guideline was shared with the Superintendent of Police (SP) of the district for setting up child-friendly police stations. As a result of the engagement, the police department in the district declared to have made the Moreh and Chandel Police station as child friendly police station. They have also set up a child friendly corner in both the police stations.

Plans


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Strengthen community, village level stakeholders and institutional mechanisms to protect children and mainstream rescued children.

* Conduct 30 village meetings with VCPC and tribes traditional leadership on child protection issues.
* Conduct 21 meetings with parents in special intervention (VCPC) villages, and other villages as well where village chiefs had invited the project team for the formation of VCPC.
* Organize 21 meetings with other village level stakeholders (including Panchayat, Schools and AWWs) on child protection issues.
* Development of micro-planning in the remaining 6 villages.
* Ensure 100% children vulnerable to labor or trafficking are mainstreamed in formal education.
* Ensure 50% of families with vulnerable children are linked with social protection schemes.

Strengthen direct engagement with Children in School and Child Care Institutions (CCI).

* Conduct 21 quarterly meetings with the children collectives in all villages.
* 15 School awareness programs on child protection in private schools, residential schools and CCIs on child trafficking, child marriage and child sexual abuse CSA, covering 5000 children.

Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Proactive engagement with the JJ (Juvenile Justice) functionaries & ICPS (Integrated Child Protection Scheme) officials and other institutional stakeholders.

* Meeting with DCPU, Child line and police on child labor, child trafficking and child marriage.
* Meeting with SJPU in Chandel and Tengoupal districts on search operations to be carried out by govt. officials to rescue children engaged in child labor.
* Organize 2 district level consultations with stakeholders (apex community bodies, customary practitioners, DCPU, CWC etc.).
* Conduct meeting with the Child line in every quarter and report the cases of child labor and child marriage.
* Organize joint meetings with the CWC/ DCPU and family members for reintegration of rescued children.
* Conduct meeting police regarding child sexual abuse (CSA) cases.

Financial Summary: January to December 2020


Budget Breakup 2020

Protection

14,048

67%

Administration

6,775

33%

Total Grant Approved

20,823

100%