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Location

Chandel district in Manipur
Thematic Focus: Protection


Project Context:

NEEDS was initiated with an objective of peace building among ethnic tribal communities across 10 villages in Churachandpur and Chandel districts of Manipur, which were long affected by insurgencies. The founder, Mr. K. Morang Maring hailed from the local tribe community and had the insight to realize that the people of such communities are deprived from any kind of development. NEEDS initiated a peace building effort so that fighting groups understand the dynamics behind the conflicts and disengage themselves from killing each other. The current project holder, Mr. Angshem, has also been a victim of ethnic conflicts. He has been working with communities through NGOs in Odisha with a focus on training of community groups on peace building. It has worked closely with different formed groups under the churches and the tribe groups, in addition to the groups of children organized in all the project villages. It has organized a series of meetings with all the village chiefs and the village authority and also formed the people’s committee for child right to protection in the operational area.

Problem Statement

The state of Manipur has witnessed political armed conflicts for over five decades now. Besides the armed conflicts driven by the insurgent groups, the state has also witnessed deep-rooted conflicts between warring tribes like the Nagas & Kukis, and even between the hill tribes and people living in the plains. These conflicts have not only disturbed and broken the socio-economic fabric of the society in the state but have also led to mass internal displacements. The current operational area of NEEDS is one such set of villages inhabited by displaced communities, near the international border with Myanmar. Here, the situation of women and children has been adverse all along, with high incidences of child rights violations. However, a vibrant young widow mother’s collective, formed among widows of the men who died in the conflicts or due to HIV-AIDS, has evolved over the period of time, which is helping members address their challenges.
The goal of the project is to build a protective environment for the children that are free from violence and sexual abuse. NEEDS aims towards enhanced implementation of policies and laws pertaining to the Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS), Juvenile Justice Act (JJA), and Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO). NEEDS follows a multi-layered intervention approach to tackle the issues of violence against children in the operational area extending over 21 villages of Chandel and Tengoupal districts.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

KRA: Strengthen community, village level stakeholders and institutional mechanisms to protect children and mainstream rescued children.

● Conduct 63 village meetings with VCPC and tribes traditional leadership on child protection issues.
● Conducted 21 meetings with parents in special intervention (VCPC) villages, and other villages as well where village chiefs had invited the project team for the formation of VCPC.
● Organize 21 meetings with other village level stakeholders (including Panchayat, Schools and AWWs ) on child protection issues.
● Development of micro-planning in the remaining 6 villages.
● Ensure 100% children vulnerable to labor or trafficking are mainstreamed in formal education.
● Ensure 50% of families with vulnerable children are linked with social protection schemes.

● 57 village meetings took place through conference phone calls with VCPC throughout the year wherein mechanisms to protect children and ways to mainstream child labor were discussed.
● 48 meetings were organized with parents in VCPC village and other villages as well, where the village chief was invited for the formation of VCPC.
● In 19 villages, meeting held with the health workers (AWW, ASHA ), village authority and village chief on protection issues.
● 3 out of 6 villages conducted micro-planning due to restriction in repetitive movement in the same district because of the Pandemic.
● Meetings were held with the ICDS and ASHA functionaries at sector level, where discussion took place on Village level Child Protection Committee (VCPC), child right issues and law related to protection.
● 7 meetings were held for specific cases Child in Need of Care and Protection (CNCP) cases, for rescue and rehabilitation planning.

KRA: Strengthen direct engagement with Children in School and Child Care Institutions (CCI).

● Conduct 21 quarterly meetings with the children collectives in all villages.
● 15 School awareness programs on child protection in private schools, residential schools on child trafficking, child marriage and child sexual abuse (CSA), covering 5000 children.

● 13 Quarterly meetings with the children collectives took place in all villages (VCPC) villages and other villages as well) due to lockdown some meetings and sessions on life skills could not be held.
● 12 meetings were held in relation to 4 child sexual abuse cases which was identified in the operational district. All the 4 cases were placed under POCSO.
● 3 meetings were held with the SJPU in two districts related to Covid-, CSA cases, child trafficking etc.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

KRA: Proactive engagement with the JJ (Juvenile Justice) functionaries & ICPS (Integrated Child Protection Scheme) officials and other institutional stakeholders to rescue, rehabilitate and mainstream children.

● Meeting with DCPU , Child line and police on child labor, child trafficking and child marriage. ● Meeting with SJPU in Chandel and Tengoupal districts on search operations to be carried out by govt. officials to rescue children engaged in child labor.
● Organize 2 district level consultations with stakeholders (apex community bodies, customary practitioners, DCPU, CWC etc.).
● Conduct meeting with the Child line in every quarter and report the cases of child labor and child marriage.
● Organize a joint meeting with the CWC/ DCPU and family members for reintegration of rescued children.
● Conduct meeting police regarding child sexual abuse (CSA) cases.

● Two cases of child marriage that have been reported by VCPC.
● 35 Children rescued from other abusive situations and benefited through interim compensation, benefits of Child Care Institutions (CCI) scheme.
● 2 district level meetings were held with Child Welfare Committee (CWC), Child Care Institutions (CCI), Juvenile Justice Board (JJB), and State Juvenile Child Protection Unit (SJPU) for Child in Need of Care and Protection (CNCP) cases, child trafficking, child sexual abuse.
● 2 children of Senapati and 2 from Moreh were rescued during the period.
● Team interacted with the Childline of Senapati and Thoubal in respect of child trafficking.

Activities due to COVID-19 outbreak:



Relief support to the children in CCI:

During Covid and lockdown, children in CCI were facing problems as they felt alienated and stressed. In this situation, they were supported with distribution of rice, vegetables, pulses, sanitary etc. from the social workers and other stakeholders to build the confidence among the children at CCI.



Support of the Student caught up in covid lockdown in hostels outside state of Manipur to return home safely:

Some of the students from the district were in hostels in Guwahati for their education. Due to sudden lock down decisions of the government to contain covid pandemic, these children were in trouble. How can they sustain living and how do they return home? In order to address these concerns, project members collected the name of such 11 students from Guwahati and coordinated with the student unions of the Guwahati. 11 students were accommodated in the Manipur Bhawan (State Govt. Guest House) and then an arrangement was made to go back home to Chandel district.



Village authority and village chief supported VCPC level for tracking of children:

During pandemic and lockdown, it was difficult for regular monitoring and tracking of children by the project team. In this situation, village authority and village chief took charge of tracking children at home so that unwanted outsiders should not take chances for the benefit of the situation and engaged in child trafficking in the operational area. These tracking data also helped in servicing mid-day meals of schools to children.

Plans


The broad areas and specific program activities planned for implementation by NEEDS in 2021 are:



KRA: Strengthen community, village level stakeholders and institutional mechanisms to protect children and mainstream rescued children.

● Village meeting with VCPC on child protection issues.
● Quarterly meeting with the children collectives in all operational villages.
● Meeting with VCPC members in all 20 villages for active performance of their role and responsibilities.
● Meeting with stakeholders of VCPC in all the VCPC
● Fact finding visit
− Meeting with CWC and DCPU on CSA.
− Meeting with the police officials in regards to CSA cases.
− Meeting with victim parents. Fact finding visit.
● Meeting with the Child line in every quarter and report the cases of child labor
● Meeting with the CWC/DCPU and family members for reintegration of rescued children.

KRA: Strengthen direct engagement with Children in School and Child Care Institutions (CCI).

● Capacity building program at CCI for staffs and volunteers to understand the norms of the JJ system.
● Attend sectoral meetings of ICDS in 12 sectors and monthly meetings of ASHA in 6 blocks.
● Meeting with the Child Welfare Committee of Chandel and Tengnoupal district.
● Meeting with DCPU for smooth functioning of child care institutes in 2 districts.
● School Awareness program on child protection in private schools, residential schools/ CCI on Child trafficking, Child Marriage, and CSA.

KRA: Proactive engagement with the JJ (Juvenile Justice) functionaries & ICPS (Integrated Child Protection Scheme) officials and other institutional stakeholders to rescue, rehabilitate and mainstream children.

● A joint training program for police and the village authority on protection issues.
● District and block level capacity building session with apex body, DCPU, VCPC.
● Meeting with DCPU, Child line and police on child labor, child marriage and child trafficking.
● Meeting with SJPU in two districts Chandel and Tengnoupal.
● District level consultation with stakeholders (apex body, customary practitioners, DCPU, CWC etc
● Meeting with DCPU for submission of vulnerable children list and follow up of VCPC micro-planning.


Total amount disbursed in 2020 - 20,556


Financial Summary: January to December 2021


Budget Breakup 2021

Health

544

4%

Education

1,315

9%

Protection

6,514

43%

Participation

3,793

25%

Admin

2,947

20%

Total Grant Approved

15,113

100%