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Location

46 villages and 16 urban slum localities in Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh
Thematic Focus: Education and Protection


Project Background

In 1992 Mrs. J. Lalithamma established People’s Organization for Rural Development (PORD) with an objective to build awareness among Dalit community and to work for sustainable development. PORD started its activities in Thamballapalle Mandal which is underdeveloped and where the situation of Dalit and tribal (especially of women and children) is poor. Presently it is operating in Thambalapalle and Madanapalle Mandal. The organization is a member in the networks and committees such as CRY promoted Andhra Pradesh State Advocacy Alliance, Andhra Pradesh Women’s Network, Women’s Power Connect (Delhi), National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) monitoring state NGOs network, Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act district Monitoring Committee and Mandal Legal Service Authority etc. PORD had received many national and state awards in recognition of long standing social services.

Problem Statement:


The project interventions have been able to keep 43 out of 62 habitations free of any school dropout. However, there are 37 dropout reported in the operational area out of which 15 are boys and 22 are girls. 16 belong to the age-group of 6 - 14 and 21 in the 15 - 18 age-groups. Migration in the absence of locally available livelihood avenues, poor economic conditions of the families, poor access to schools, and low quality education are the main reasons for this. Other reasons observed are absence of separate toilets for girls in schools, need to take care of younger siblings at home, bread-winner in the family dying, fixing of child marriage, absence of schools with higher grades in short distance, and corporal punishment in schools. Majority of the current dropout are either helping parents in farm work or staying at home idle. There are 101 children in child labor in the operational area, 47 in Madanapalle (urban), 54 in Thambalapalli. 10 of them belong to 6 - 14 years age group, while the rest of 91 belong to 15 - 18 years age group, 53 being boys and 48 are girls. While 72 children working as child labor are working locally while staying with family, another 26 are working while staying with family at a migrated place. Only 3 children are working as child labor while staying away from family. 35 of them are working as agriculture farm laborer and 65 are working in the unorganized sector.

During the year 2017, the project identified 40 children in the situation of getting married in childhood and could successfully stop 8 of them. 18 child marriages happened in Madanapalle and 14 happened in Thamballapalle Mandal. The 8 child marriages successfully stopped were all girls. The project was successful in ensuring that no child marriages happened in 39 villages of Thambalapalli & 7 colonies of Madanapalli during the year. However, more strategic interventions are required in 7 villages in Thambalapalli and 9 colonies in Madanapalle where child marriages happened this year. Among the 32 children who got married in childhood, 10 were dropouts prior to the time of marriage, 17 were engaged as child labor at the time of marriage, and 12 dropped out at the time of marriage. It was noted that 9 marriages were consanguineous in nature.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Area: Improve enrolment & teaching in pre-school education, and reduce child labor & school dropouts in the project area.

* Sensitize & Counselling of parents of child labor / drop out and other parents on the importance of education, especially girl child education.
* Conduct awareness programs / Kalajathas (folk plays) on child labor.
* Involve CBOs in mainstreaming the child labor / drop-outs.
* Interface with the Education Department and Social Welfare Department for improvement of infrastructure in schools and hostels, appointing sufficient teachers, and preventing closure of schools in the name of rationalization.
* Demand for formation of Panchayat and Mandal Child Protection Committees (CPCs).
* Track all children in the age group of 15-18 years and ensure their transition from upper primary to high school, and high school to higher education courses.

* 944 children in the 3-5 years age-group were enrolled into Anganwadi centers of ICDS (Integrated Child Development Scheme) through enrolment campaigns along with Anganwadi teachers, supervisors and Child Development Project Officer (CDPO) in 43 villages.
* A new Anganwadi center was constructed on Yeddulavemannagaripalle village in Thamballapalli Mandal. There are 22 children, 3 pregnant women, 2 lactating mothers and 12 adolescent girls are benefitting from this center.
* 6 community based organizations (CBOs) in Madanapalle were involved in mainstreaming 3 children to alternative vocational courses.
* 56 child labors were mainstreamed to vocational courses like Photoshop course, beautician course and one child is regular mainstreamed to 9th standard.
* 3 children were mainstreamed by CBO members from 4 colonies by Counselling 17 children.
* Through regular door to door visits team identified children, who are eligible for social security entitlement. And assisted them to apply for entitlements. In the process 161 bus passes, 143 cycles, 2 birth certificates and 234 cast certificates were issued.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Area: Reduce instances of child marriages in the project area.

* Ensure convergence meetings between government departments for better coordination towards preventing the child marriages.
* Sensitize families against traditions, customs and negative attitude towards girl children that result in child marriages, harmful impacts of child marriage.
* Create awareness and encourage Media to publish articles and news about child marriages.

* 6 Kalajatha (awareness programs) were organized during the period where 24 children performed.
* 21 child marriages were averted / stopped.
* Wall writings were done in 2 villages to create public


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Area: Strengthen all child collectives and agency of children.

* Promote leadership development among children through capacity building trainings.
* Introduce life skills modules on "leadership" and "problem solving" in child collectives.
* Encourage child collective members to discuss the issues of their schools in their child collective meetings.
* Identify sports talents in children and encourage them to participate in the school and outside events.
* Conduct story-telling sessions with children and encourage children to create their own stories and share with other children.

* 192 child collective meetings have been conducted during the reporting period from both the Mandals (blocks).
* 2 adolescent girl groups were also formed during the period.
* 65 child collectives have been strengthened to advocate for their rights. Children are advocating for prevention of school closure. Through the process, 4 schools were prevented from closure.
* 181 children participated in life skills training sessions, wherein self-identity and human rights modules were implemented in the child collectives.
* In regular child collective meetings the team encouraged 208 children (116 boys and 92 girls) to continue their education after 10th Class.

Other Highlight Processes and Achievements – 2019:


* Vocational courses: The project team identified long term drop-outs and child labor who were not interested in going back to school. Based on their age and educational qualification the project team suggested vocational and certification courses to such children. The team also sensitized parents of such children about the harmful effects of child labor and how such courses can be beneficial to their children in the long run. The team was successful in mainstreaming 14 children into various courses like Cell Phone Service, Tailoring, Envelope Paper Covering and File Making, Beautician Course, Photo Framing, Lamination and Screen Printing, Two wheeler mechanic etc.

* 100% transition: By adopting a multi-pronged approach of collaboration, awareness, prevention and mainstreaming, the project team was able to achieve 100% transition of children in all classes. A total 1,388 children continued their education.
* Preschool to Lower Primary - 279
* Lower Primary to Upper Primary - 434
* Upper Primary to High School - 370
* High School to higher education- 305

Plans


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Transform 10 Anganwadi Centers into Model Anganwadi for Early Childhood Education (ECE) program

* Orient 1800 parents on the importance of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECE) program. * Ensure admission of 124 above 3 year old children into pre-school program of Anganwadi. * Orient 43 Anganwadi teachers on (ECE) program components. * Monitor implementation of ECE program components in ICDS centers and ensure observance of monthly ECCE Days at Anganwadi Centers.



Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Reduce school dropout in the project area

* Track all children in the age group of 6-14 years for continuity of education (Pre-school to primary, primary to UP). * Ensure re-enrolment of 53 dropout children. * Enroll 45 drop out who cannot be mainstreamed into schools into vocational courses. * Involve PRI members and Teachers in mainstreaming the dropout. * Ensure transition of children from primary to upper primary school. * Ensure regular monitoring of 36 schools by project team members. * Guide 10th & 12th standard pass outs to apply for higher education courses, and guide held back children to appear for supplementary exams.



Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Reduce child labor in the project area.

* Sensitize parents of 230 child labors on the importance of education and ill-effects of child labor. * Mainstream the 65 identified child labor into schools. * Involve 20 PRI members and teachers in sensitizing parents on child labor issue and urge parents to send them back to school. * Conduct 30 awareness programs / Kalajathas on child labor at community level. * Form / Reactivate 5 Village Child Protection Committees (VCPC) in the villages.



Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

500 children in child collectives covered under 5 life skills sessions

* Form 33 new Child collectives and 10 new adolescent groups. * Conduct 9 monthly child collective and adolescent groups meetings. * Conduct Life Skills trainings in 500 villages focusing on self-empowerment, proactive thinking skills, emotional intelligence, and interpersonal communication skills

Financial Summary: January to December 2020


Budget Breakup 2020

Education

14,411

37%

Protection

14,411

37%

Administration

9,726

26%

Total Grant Approved

38,548

100%