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Location

30 villages in Pedamandyam Mandal and 16 urban slums in Madanpalle in the Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh
Thematic Focus: Education and Protection, Nutrition and Participation


Project Background

In 1992 Mrs. J. Lalithamma established People’s Organization for Rural Development (PORD) with an objective to build awareness among the Dalit community and to work for sustainable development. PORD started its activities in Thamballapalle Mandal which is underdeveloped and where the situation of the Dalit and tribal (especially of women and children) community is poor. Presently, it is operating in Thambalapalle and Madanapalle Mandal. The organization is a member in the networks and committees such as the CRY promoted Andhra Pradesh State Advocacy Alliance, Andhra Pradesh Women’s Network, Women’s Power Connect (Delhi), National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) monitoring state NGOs network, Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act District Monitoring Committee and Mandal Legal Service Authority etc. PORD has received many national and state awards in recognition of long standing social services.

Problem Statement:


Pedamandyam Mandal consists of 9 villages and it is the 15th least populous sub-district of the Chittoor district with a population of only 35,000. The child population below 6 years old is 12% (52% -boys, 48% - girls). 100% of the population of Peddamandyam mandal lives in the rural part. Peddamandyam has 58% (about 20,000) of the population engaged in either main or marginal works that includes 60% of the male and 56% of the female population. The sub-district has no government hospital; only one PHC is there and it needs 4 PHCs and one government hospital. As per the DSHB report 12-13, there are a total 61 AWCs benefitting 33,623 children and 7,022 pregnant and lactating mothers. As per the survey done by PORD in 18 panchayats – there are 1,335 children (656-male, 679-female) in the mandal. 16 hamlets do not have adequate roads; 32 hamlets do not have public transport facilities; and 20 hamlets do not have safe drinking water.

Irregular attendance in school is one of the major issues in Peddamandyam Mandal. Out of 30 villages, 20 villages do not have primary schools. To access primary education, children from these villages travel 1-5 kilometers. Concerned headmasters and teachers are claiming that a certain number of students are studying in their schools and a majority of the students are only attending classes 2 to 3 times a week. Hence, the mandal has issues of child labor, child marriage, dropout, lack of access to primary school, and trafficking. Major areas where child laborers are engaged are - agriculture works, painting work, helpers to electricians, plumbing, cell phone repair, television repair, construction workers, cleaners in trucks and JCBs, cleaners in route jeeps, auto-rickshaw driving, etc. Girls are mainly involved in tailoring, embroidery, sales in cloth shops and construction work. There are 24 dropout children in the 6-18 year old age group that includes 71% girls and 29% boys. 67% are in the 15-18 year old age group. The majority of the dropouts are girls who are taking care of their siblings; staying at home idle; helping parents in farm work and migrating with parents. 76% of girl dropouts are in the 15-18 year old age group.

PORD will continue the intervention in the colonies of Madnapalle mandal with a focus on education, protection and participation. In Thambalapalle, the team will work for another 3 years on participation and to sustain child collectives but there will be no regular intervention. PORD has been implementing the CRY program since 2007 and brought several positive and remarkable impacts in the lives of children in Thambalapalle Mandal like the number of child labor incidents reduced to single digits; declared 23 villages as dropout free villages in the last 3 consecutive years; declared 14 villages as child labor free villages in the last 3 consecutive years; 30 villages are declared as child marriage free villages in the last 3 consecutive years; 32 child collectives and 22 CBO’s are active enough to advocate for children rights. Therefore, based on the guidance from CRY, the PORD team planned to move to Pedamandyam Mandal in 2019-20. Also, this year PORD has decided to phase out from 16 slums and take new villages.

Achievements & Impact


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: Covid safety and precautionary measures ensured in 36 schools and 43 Anganwadi centers

• Sensitize parents of school children on the importance of education and safety measures to be taken once the schools reopen
• Sensitization of teachers on precautions and protective measures to be followed prior to opening of schools and corporal punishment
• Monitoring of schools especially with regard to Covid safety compliance. Monitor Anganwadi centers for post Covid safety compliance
• Sensitize Anganwadi Supervisors, Child Development Project Officers (CDPO) and Anganwadi teachers on the importance of safety measures to be taken in the context of Covid
• Orient parents on the importance of the ECCE program.
• Ensure admission of 3+ children into pre-school program of the Anganwadi.
• Orient Anganwadi teachers on Early Childhood Education (ECE) program components. (9 components) (Supervisors, CDPO’s and Teachers)
• Orient Community based organizations (CBOs) and PRI members on the importance of ECE programs.
• Ensure observance of ECCE Day at Anganwadi Centers.

• As a part of the Covid awareness, the team has conducted many awareness sessions through which they reached out to 46 Villages/ Colonies, 2,662 Families, 4,951 Parents. PORD team reached out to 36 Schools and 289 Teachers.
• 36 Schools and 43 Anganwadi centers were continuously monitored to ensure Covid safety compliance
• 300 Anganwadi Supervisors, Child Development Project Officers (CDPO) and Anganwadi teachers were sensitized on the importance of safety measures to be taken in the context of Covid.
• 2,459 parents from 1,330 Families received orientation on the importance of the ECCE program.
• 100% (388 Children) got admission into the pre-school program of Anganwadi.
• PORD team conducted training for 97 Anganwadi Teachers, Supervisors and CDPOs on ECCE.
• 24 Community Based Organization (CBOs) members and 88 Panchayat secretaries, Sachivalayam staff and village volunteers were given awareness on ECCE
• 53 ECCE days were observed in the last year.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: Reduce school dropouts in the project area.

• Track all children in the age group of 6-14 years old for continuity of education.
• Sensitize parents of dropouts on the importance of education.
• Identify and assist children to apply for social security entitlements. (Ammavodi/ Vidya deevena/ Scholarships)
• Ensure re-enrollment of dropouts. (6-14 and 15-18 years old)
• Involve Panchayati Raj Institution members/ Grama Sachivalayam staff and teachers in mainstreaming the dropouts.
• Ensure transition of children from primary to upper primary and upper primary to high school.
• Sensitize parents on the merits of Government schools
• Ensure transition of children from Grade 10 to 11 and other courses
• Organize career counseling sessions to Grade 9 and 10 class children once in a year.

• 3,527 children in the age group of 6-14 are tracked.
• 29 families of dropouts were given awareness on importance of education
• PORD assisted 4,589/ 4,854 (Boys: 2,249/ 2,384, Girls: 2,340/ 2,470) to apply for social security entitlements.
• 8 dropout children were mainstreamed.
• 17 Sachivalayam Staff, 41 Volunteers and 18 teachers supported the PORD team in mainstreaming dropout children.
• 100% (898 Children) transitioned from primary to upper primary and upper primary to high school
• 5,482 Parents were sensitized on the merits of Government schools.
• 479 children were transitioned from Grade 10 to 11 (Boys: 234, Girls: 245).
• 2 Career counseling sessions organized in 4 schools where 308 children participated.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: Reduce child labor in the project area.

• Collect information about new child laborers • Sensitize parents of child laborers on the importance of education and ill-effects of child labor.
• Propagation of Covid and other protection helpline numbers (State, District, Village and Ward level)
• Remove identified child laborers from labor and mainstreamed into schools
• Encourage teachers and PRI members to visit families that have child laborers in order to urge parents to send them back to school.

• 345 children were identified as new child laborers during the Covid period
• 379 families were sensitized on the harmful effects of Child labor
• 10,145 members were given awareness about Covid Helplines
• 344/ 384 Children were mainstreamed back to school
• 4 meetings were conducted. PORD team was able to do online convergence meetings which enabled them to conduct more meetings.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: 500 children in child collectives covered under 5 life skills sessions.

• Form new chiduct adolescent collective meetings post covid
• Implement life skills sessions
○ Self-empowerment
○ Self-confidence
• Implement CRY Covid 10 week child rights sessions.ld collectives.
• Form new adolescent girls’ collectives.
• Con

• 7 new child collectives were formed. • 34 new adolescent girls’ collectives were formed.
• 86 child collective meetings were conducted.
• 101 children received life skills sessions on self-empowerment.
• 2,987 participated in online Covid 10 week activities.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: 5,782 children covered under Public Distribution System (PDS), school or Anganwadi mid-day meals /take home ration 3,304 families.

• Ensuring families are connected to MNREGA by ensuring job cards.
• Preparing and sharing the details of the families without ration cards to the administration and advocacy with district officials to provide rations to them.
• Proper communication to all ration card holders and ensuring that people get rations on time while maintaining sanitation and hygiene
• Engage with the administration to ensure families get work under MGNREGA and wages are regularly paid.
• Provision of basic hygiene materials like soaps to households through local donors support
• Provision of basic protection material like soaps and masks to the Anganwadi, Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) and Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) workers and Primary Health Centers(PHCs) doctors through local donors support
• Community awareness campaigns on physical distancing, wearing masks, and hygiene and sanitation practices through drives.

• 98 job cards were ensured for families.
• 160 new ration cards issued and 55 reactivated
• 3,166 families received proper communication to all ration card holders and ensuring that people get rations on time while maintaining sanitation and hygiene
• 1,363 members received work and wages under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA).
• 5,656 received basic hygiene materials like soaps from local donors with the support of PORD.
• 85 Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) and Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) workers, 9 Primary Health Centers (PHCs) and sub-centers received protection materials.
• 10,725 received awareness on Covid safety measures.
• 111 awareness campaigns were conducted.

Prominent Activities undertaken during the period:


* Training for Sachivalayam[1] staff : PORD team conducted online meetings with the 47 Sachivalayam staff and volunteers to educate community on preventing child labor and child marriages during this COVID-19 period. In this meeting, Lalithamma highlighted the importance of child issues during the Covid period especially child labor and child marriages and the impact on children and asked them to be vigilant of such issues in the community.

* Operation Muskan: PORD team members participated in the Muskan program (rescue mission for child labor) in July. PORD was invited by the Police and Women and Child Development (WCD) departments. In this program, teams identified and rescued 24 children who are involved in labor work in various fields.
* 27 Children enrolled in Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV): In 16 villages from Peddamandyam, the PORD team identified 29 girls in Grade 5 and identified them as at risk of dropping out from school. The team members motivated their families about various benefits in Government schools especially in Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) hostels and explained the social security programs given by the government with regular counseling by team members. All the parents agreed to continue their children’s education. The PORD team applied for 29 children online for admission to Grade 6 in KGBV. A total of 27 children were selected and received admission in Grade 6.

Awareness Activities done on COVID-19 during the lockdown period:-


PORD reached out to the communities to spread awareness. They created songs on Covid and used audio aids to spread awareness in the community and reached out to 42 slums/ villages. They printed pamphlets with information and helpline numbers related to Covid and distributed them in the community. Door to door visits to 3,650 families were conducted about Covid. The PORD team collaborated with the Grama / Ward Sachivalayam staff and volunteers, CBO leaders and caste leaders and municipal commissioner and provided awareness on Covid protective measures, ration distribution and other Covid related matters by local administration. They have also propagated various helpline numbers. With the support of the Municipal Sanitation Inspector, the PORD team initiated regular fogging and bleaching in operational area slums.

Photographs from PORD operational area:








Plans


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Goal Area: Education

● Convert 9 Anganwadi centers to Model Anganwadi Centers.
● Orient parents on the importance of Early Childhood Education programs. Orient Community Based Organizers (CBO) members on the importance of ECE programs.
● Ensure admission of 3+year old children into pre-school program of Anganwadi.
● Submit requisitions to the government for new Anganwadi centers.
● Orient Anganwadi teachers on Early Childhood Education (ECE) program components. (9 components). Monitor implementation of ECE program components in ICDS centers.
● Identify poor attending children in schools and take measures to streamline them. Sensitize parents of dropouts on the importance of education. Ensure re-enrolment of dropout children (6-14 and 15-18 year olds).
● Identify and assist children to apply for social security entitlements.
● Involve Community Based Organizers, Panchayati Raj Institutions/Government Village Volunteers, and community members in mainstreaming the dropouts.
● Ensure transition of children from primary to upper primary school.
● Strengthen Parents Monitoring Committee (PMC) and ensure PMC members participation in School Development Plans.
● Ensure improved infrastructure facilities in schools (especially toilets as per students' ratio, enough teachers and free supply of sanitary napkins etc.
● Submit requisitions for government school bus facility for operational area villages.
● Mainstream long-term out of school children to alternative courses.
● Track all children in the age group of 15-18 years old and ensure their transition from upper primary to high school and high school to other higher education courses.
● Guide children who completed Grade 10 to apply for higher education courses. Organize career counseling sessions to Grade 9 and Grade 10 children once a year.



Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Goal Area: Protection (Child Labor)

● Vulnerability assessment for child labor to identify children at risk of becoming child laborers. Share with parents the results of vulnerability assessment reports to sensitize them on the implications of child labor
● Conduct awareness programs / Kalajathas on child labor at community level.
● Ensure children are removed from labor. Mainstream the identified child laborers in schools by involving Community Based Organization, PRI, community leaders etc. Provide training to Government Village volunteers, concerned gram sachivalayam staff and cluster resource person on child rights and protection issues.



Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Area: Participation (Strengthening Children / Adolescent Collectives)

● Conduct regular child collective meetings.
● Form new child collectives (Includes division of big children collective).
● Form new Adolescent Girls' Groups.
● Conduct regular Adolescent Girls' Groups meetings.
● Identify sports talent in children and encourage them to participate in the school and outside events.
● Implement Life Skills Modules in Child collectives:
o Self-empowerment: Self-esteem and Self-responsibility
o Proactive thinking skills: Self-awareness
● Implement Life Skills Modules in Adolescent collectives:
o Changes in puberty
o Respecting boundaries

Total amount disbursed in 2020 - 38,548


Financial Summary: January to December 2021


Budget Breakup 2021

Education

16,066

41%

Protection

16,066

41%

Administration

7,101

18%

Total Grant Approved

39,233

100%