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55 villages of 3 Mandals of Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh.
Thematic Focus: Education and Protection

Background of the Project

Pragathi was established in 1993 by the Project Holder Mr. K.V. Ramana in order to ensure social justice for underprivileged children and communities as he had seen the plight of these children and communities closely. He has a good understanding of the conditions and issues of the community. When he started his work, he initiated activities in his own Mandal. He has undergone several training/workshops conducted by various organizations and is a sought after resource person in the child rights sector. The organization works with the scheduled caste, scheduled tribe and other backward communities in Chinagottigallu, Sodam, Somal and Piler Mandals of Chittoor district in Andhra Pradesh.

Problem Statement:

Pragathi works with migrant communities in 3 mandals (blocks) of Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh namely Srikalahasti (new Mandal with 9 villages), Yerpedu and Renigunta. Most of the migrating families work as watchmen at mango gardens and some older children are also involved in the work. They also work as cattle grazers and in agriculture fields. 70% of the child labors stay locally with their families while 29% of child labors stay with their families at migrated place. The reasons for child labor are poor economic conditions, inaccessibility to schools, corporal punishment and migration. School infrastructure is insufficient due to non-allocation of sufficient budgets for the education sector and in particular lack of funds for improving the infrastructure facilities of the schools. Girls mostly drop out in the area to take care of their siblings or to get married. The system of dowry, social customs, and economic conditions of the family along with lack of enforcement of the law are reasons for the still prevailing incidence of child marriage.

Achievements & Impact

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Area: Reduce school dropout and improve retention in project area; and Reduce child labor in the project area.

* Sensitize parents of child labor and drop outs and other parents on the importance of education especially girl child education.
* Engage with media to publish articles on importance of education / child labor situation.
* Involve local governance body Panchayat Raj Institutes (PRI) members in sensitizing parents on child labor and drop outs.
* Strengthening School Management Committees (SMC) and advocate for upgrading of primary schools and for starting new primary schools.
* Demand for travel allowance as per Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act for children who attend schools from distant places.
* Guide children who completed 10th standard to apply for higher education / vocational courses and the secondary failed students to apply for instant/supplementary exams.

* 1,039 project target families and 220 other families including 234 families with girl children were sensitized on significance of education and effects of child labor and child marriage.
* 8 news articles published in various newspapers on child labor through media engagement.
* 57 Ex-PRI members were involved in sensitization of 372 parents and Counseling 40 families on child labor issues.
* 66 Ex-PRI members were involved in motivating 113 child labor and drop outs.
* One meeting every month was facilitated, where SMC members reviewed budget, educational status of children and quality of teaching. There were 767 members in 56 SMCs. Project team members were part of 9 SMC as co-opted members & attended 21 meetings.
* Demand for travel allowance for 181 children placed and 85 children from primary schools received the allowance.
* All project children were tracked. There were 1356 children (733 boys and 623 girls) among whom 303 children moved from 8th to 9th grade; 261 appeared secondary exams; 246 children passed 10th grade; 15 children applied for supplementary exams; 2 children scored 10/10 GPA. 439 children of 10th grade were provided guidance on higher education.

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Area: Reduce instances of child marriages in the project area.

* Identify potential cases of child marriage, based on the assessment parameters.
* Assist girls from most needy families and girls from families where parents migrate seasonally to get into social welfare hostels.
* Sensitize priests and caste leaders on the issue of child marriage and urge their involvement in preventing child marriages.
* Assist girl children in applying for different social security benefits / girl-child schemes and create awareness in the community.
* Create awareness in community about girl-child schemes and about protection mechanisms available against child marriages.
* Facilitate awareness activity by the health department for adolescent girls.

* Survey of 1,250 project families was done for risk assessment of child marriage and 24 high families were identified as high risk and 655 families were identified as medium risk.
* 38 girls from such families were admitted into social welfare hostels.
* 644 families in 28 villages were sensitized by involving priests and caste leaders to prevent child marriages.
* 95 teachers visited 413 families with potential for child marriages. 20 child marriages were prevented by 11 teachers.
* Team assisted target families to apply for various welfare schemes and ensured several families to avail access and benefits that like – Ration cards, various types of pensions such as old age & widow pensions, employment guarantee (NREGS), NTR Housing scheme etc.
* 23 awareness programs were conducted for 435 girls in 23 villages by 16 Auxiliary Nurse Mid-wives (ANMs) and 21 ASHAs (Accredited Social Health Activists).

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Area: Increase fully functional Child Collectives from 23 to 30.

* Promote leadership development among children through capacity building trainings.
* Introduce Life Skills modules on "leadership" and "problem solving" in child collectives.
* Conduct sports and games to identify sports talents in children and encourage them to participate in the school and outside events.

* 134 children trained on leadership skills.
* 52 Children from 32 child collectives were trained on problem solving.
* 325 children from 20 child collectives were introduced to various activities from the module.
* 9 Girls and 6 boys have been identified from 12 collectives as role models.
* Team identified 83 children who excelled in sports and encouraged them to participate in competitive levels.
* 285 children from 12 child collectives participated in various story telling activities.

Update on Capacity Building Programs:

* Capacity Building was done on “Problem solving and Understanding emotions”. A training session was conducted for the team on problem solving life skills. The main purpose of this training was to equip the community mobilizers to train the child collectives. This training will help children in identifying the problem, developing possible solution paths, and taking the appropriate course of action.

Update on major events /campaigns:

* Pragathi celebrated CRC (Child Rights Commission) Week in its operational villages with the aim to protect child rights. Around 6,000 children participated in these celebrations. Various stakeholders like ICPS (Integrated Child Protection Scheme) team, police, counselors, social workers, health department members and other speakers who are experts in child right issues were invited for these celebrations. During the week the team covered 11 schools and 4 junior colleges.

Update on engagement with the government:

* Chalo Chittoor - A Protest against Child Abuse. A case of child sexual abuse was reported in the newspapers about sexual abuse in a shelter home of Chittoor district. The Superintendent of the Home was abusing the child for 2 years. The victim requested the Child Welfare Committee (CWC) of Chittoor to transfer her to Kadapa shelter home. Once she was transferred to Kadapa shelter home she mentioned the incidents of abuse with the CWC chairperson of Kadapa. The CWC of Kadapa took immediate action and filed a case against the Superintendent of the shelter home. Pragathi team took immediate interest in the case and tried to gather evidence by meeting the stakeholders involved in the case. Through timely interventions the alleged accused was arrested.


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

50% ICDS Anganwadi Centers are transformed into Model Anganwadi Centers for early childhood education (ECE)

* Organize orientation program parents on importance of ECE program.
* Ensure admission of all children aged 3 years into the pre-school program of Anganwadi.
* Engage with Anganwadi Supervisors / CDPO to guide & strengthen Anganwadi Teachers on ECE program components in Anganwadis

Reduce school dropouts in the project area

* Conduct family counseling for school dropouts on the importance of education and assist in re-enrolment.
* Conduct sensitization meetings with parents on the importance of girl child education.
* Track and monitor children from vulnerable families to ensure transition of children from lower primary to upper primary school and further to high school.
* Identify and assist needy children in accessing social security entitlements.
* Explore alternate strategies such as Open Schooling and Vocational Courses for those children who cannot be mainstreamed into schools.


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Reduce child labor in the project area.

* Conduct vulnerability assessment among project community to identify children at risk of becoming child labor.
* Identify children combining work with school or engaging in seasonal labor.
* Conduct awareness programs / Kalajathas on child labor at community level.
* Organize interface meetings with PRI representatives and govt. officials to sensitize them on child labor and take assistance in their mainstreaming.

1100 children in child collectives acquire quality Life Skills

* Conduct regular children collective meetings.
* Organize new adolescent girls' groups in the project area.
* Transact life skills modules among children collective members.

Financial Summary: January to December 2020

Budget Breakup 2020










Total Grant Approved