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Prayatn, founded in 1992, is a voluntary, secular and non-profit society, to enable people to respond to and change their situations of inequality and injustice. Prayatn Sanstha is one of the premier organization in Rajasthan, committed to work on child rights issues. Prayatn Sanstha evolved in 1992 with an objective of empowerment of communities to respond to changes and enable them to change their situation of inequality and injustice. However, over a period of time it has also developed expertise on child rights issues like declining sex ratio, child education, child marriage, RCH, PCPNDT Act, etc. and at present, most of the interventions of Prayatn across the states of U.P., M.P., Rajasthan & Orissa have specific CR focus as per CR situational analysis of the intervention area. Prayatn is recognized as leading organization in the state which is working on child rights issues which is equipped with ability to work directly at grassroots with added competency of conducting research, networking with CSOs & stakeholders and lobbying & advocacy with govt. The Project Holder is Mr. Malay Kumar, whose major area of expertise has been on child rights specifically protection related issues; he has a wide experience on PCPNDT Act, trafficking issue, research etc.


The CRY supported project of Prayatn Sansthan is spread over 30 villages/hamlets of saharia tribe under Sahabad block of Baran district in Rajasthan. The district of Baran borders Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. The reference community predominantly belongs to the Sahariya tribe, identified as a primitive tribe by the Government of India on the basis of low growth rate, pre-agricultural level of technology and extremely low level of literacy. Baran is one of 22 districts in Rajasthan designated as ‘food insecure’. The Saharia population is particularly vulnerable to malnutrition because of its geographical isolation, uncertainty of food supply and lack of adequate health care facilities. Children are the ultimate victims of this state of food insecurity and malnourishment. Due to exclusion, extreme poverty, inappropriate development schemes; children are not provided with the necessary growth and development opportunities. As far the status of ICDS services actually available to children in coverage area is concerned, the recent study conducted by Prayatn Santha on Food security schemes for Saharia community reflected that out of total children in 0-6 years, only about 42% of the total children (upto 6 years) avail services of Anganbadi centre (AWC). The prime reason of the high malnutrition status is lack of awareness in the community and failure of the government machinery in extending awareness and services related with water and sanitation, nutrition and health care and bringing in behavioural change in them. Also, there is discrimination with Saharia children in the govt institutions including schools in villages with mix population of General, OBCs, SCs and Saharia. Saharia community realize this discrimination and therefore they hesitate in sending their children in schools situated in village thus restricting their access to limited schooling facilities available. Child Marriage is highly prevalent among Sahariyas.


  • To enhance institutional capacity of Saharia community to respond to child survival issues.
  • To ensure that children enjoy qualitative access to developmental opportunities as described under the right to development .
  • To develop community based system for protection of the rights of the child in particular the system related to nutrition management.
  • To establish set of practices to promote child participation at various levels.

Review and Impact

The CRY supported intervention of Prayatn Sansthan focussed on addressing food security and nutrition issues of Saharia children and on bringing about a positive change in the lives of Sahariya children thereby breaking the vicious cycle of food insecurity and vulnerability. During the period, the programme at Saharia dominated block Shahbad of Baran has shown some significant outcomes and impact in due course of time. The organizational leadership has shown its commitment on the issue during the partnership and also been able to guide team for arriving on deliverables in bringing out malnourished children from death trap. It catered emergency need of 101 children through referral services of ICDS centers in coverage villages and more than 50 children were brought to normal category. During its rapport building activity, the organization has also been able to develop trust among saharia community when their daily needs like drinking water facility, payment of MNREGA, immunization of children, etc were ensured through efforts of Prayatn team. Moreover, the limited understanding of team about Saharia tribe, its culture, and occupation has also disappeared as team engagement with team grew up significantly during the period. Elements of advocacy have also grown at community level and once, the hesitant & shy saharia community members are now able to visit block offices by themselves. Most importantly, good rapport with youths and children of the saharia community also encourages the project team to take up harder issues in coming years. Some significant socio-cultural changes can also be illustrated like, girls are now allowed to take admission in residential schools and parents feel proud of their girl child’s education, which simply indicates the gradual change in attitude of a common Saharia parents. Youth leadership development and children holistic development is now seen as tool for change in this particular tribe.

The major highlights of achievement in the review year 2014-15 are:
  • Total 1370 children have been weighed in the ICDS. Out of these, 240 children have been identified as Moderately Acute malnourished (MAM) and 143 children as Severely Acute Malnourished (SAM).
  • 15 SAM children have been regularly followed up by the team through home based interventions.
  • Immunisation was ensured for children and women.
  • 35 children were linked with Anganwadi centre after the demand raised by the team.
  • Follow-up of SAM children has been regularly done by Aanganwari workers.
  • Regular meetings were organized where the focus was to identify issues and analyzing them During these meetings, issues related to irregular distribution of SNP, referring of SAM children to MTC, irregular immunization, payment under MGNREGA, problem of safe drinking water, irregular distribution of PDS material etc. were also discussed.
  • Meetings were held in order to build an environment where villagers and school teachers can work together in the issues arising in Proper education & MDM system.
  • With the initiative of SMC members Out of 65 drop out girls identified, 19 were re-enrolled in school and hostels.

  • Community interface programmes were organized in Khushhalpur, Bhoyal and Chorakhadi.
  • Out of 65 drop out girls identified, 19 re-enrolled in school and hostels. 2 orphan girls have been admited in hostel, Shahabad
  • Distribution of MDM has become regular after regular monitoring by SMC.
  • In 8 villages issues of irregular distribution of MDM, irregularity of teachers in school were identified. Children from 3 villages have shared the issues in CPC meetings.
  • Children fair were organised, where 345 children participated.


  • Growth monitoring of children in 0-6 years in 30 villages.
  • Raising demand for new ICDS centers on the basis of children data (0-6 years) in all the 30 villages.
  • Identification of Infant, Child deaths and maternal in coverage area. Documentation of evidences related to infant, child & maternal deaths.
  • Collective Efforts towards activation of services of AWCs, Maa badis and MTC.
  • Facilitate referral service of severely malnourished children to MTC, follow up cases of SAM children through home visits & promoting community based malnutrition management.
  • Promoting good practices of nutrition, health & sanitation.
  • Community monitoring of schools to ensure regularity in functioning and quality of services and infrastructure.
  • Government community Interface (GCI) on health & nutrition and education issues with Officials & duty bearers, Teachers, PRIs and community members.
  • Identification and enrolment of drop-out children, seasonal migration affected children, counselling their families and making efforts to bring them back to schools.
  • Orientation and capacity building of SMC members on their roles and responsibilities and of panchayat members on RTE Act norms and rules.
  • Documenting child protection violation cases – child labour, child marriages.
  • Training of youth and adolescents on local development issues and engaging them in programs for the development of Sahariya tribes.
  • Development of child led indicators incorporating Hunger and Malnutrition issues.
  • Develop leadership among members of children’s groups – children to plan out and decide activities for themselves at cluster level.


  • Right to Survival
  • Right to Development
  • Right to Protection
  • Right to Participation
  • Administration
  • Total Grant Approved