on the details of
Shramik Vikas Kendram (SVK) was formed in 1992 to undertake development work in Mahabubnagar district. Initially the Project Holder received a fellowship in 1994 from MV Foundation to work for tackling the root causes of child labor. The organization was further supported by the South Asia Poverty Alleviation Program of UNDP to carry out women development activities at Peddakothapalli Mandal. The Project Holder, Mr. Y. Laxman Rao hails from Kollapur mandal in Mahabubnagar district. He also has experience of working on child labour issues through Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Foundation (MV Foundation). The main objective of the intervention is to ensure child rights rotection through community empowerment in 184 villages, of which 98 are direct intervention villages (78 old and 20 new) in Peddakothapally, Veepanagandla, Kodair, Panagal and Kollapur Mandals of Mahabubnagar District, Andhra Pradesh.
Agriculture is the primary means of livelihood in the operational area. Laborers are not paid equal and minimum wages. Most of the people in this area migrate to the city of Hyderabad and other states in search of employment. As a result their children are forced to discontinue their education and engage in different forms of work. Families are not covered under different government welfare programs. There are huge disparities among castes. SCs and STs are both socially and economically backward. With respect to specific child rights issues, the villages have high infant mortality rates (IMR). Main reasons had been irregular Auxillary Nurse Midwife (ANM) visits, inactive Primary Health Centres (PHCs), low Ante Natal Care (ANC) and low immunization of women and children, etc. There are 743 child labourers in the intervention villages. Schools face low enrolment ratio and high due to poor quality of education and lack of infrastructural facilities. 59 differently able children need disability certificates. 46% villages have not yet achieved 100% enrolment of children into schools.
- Universalisation of free education and implementation of the Common School System.
- Ensure access to free health services for all children in the reference communities.
- Ensure that constitutional rights of children are protected.
- Promote participation of children in community life.
- Elimination of caste and gender based discrimination in the society.
Review and Impact
SVK has been successful in generating mass awareness on child rights through mobilizing community collectives and interface with local anchayats for ensuring activation of health care services. The Child Rights Protection Committees (CRPCs) are actively involved in monitoring the functioning of the available PHCs and SCs. Mahila Arogya Sangam (MAS) members ensure that pregnant women receive immunization and nutrition for themselves and their new born children.
Panchayat Secretaries are also persuaded to issue birth certificates for the new born children. People are regularly sensitized on the rospective benefits from National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). Adolescent girls were oriented on working as a pressure group to prevent marriage below the age of 18. Kalajatha programs were organised at village level focussing on ill effects of child marriage. CRPCs, MASs have played an active role in the campaign. Girl Rightsrotection Cells (GRPCs) have been formed in villages.
Following are some of the key program highlights of SVK:
- 1739 birth certificates were issued. 92.5% children were immunized. 82% child births were registered.
- Strengthening of ICDS centers, 6 new ICDS centers were sanctioned.
- 100% enrolment of children (6-14 yrs) in public schools was ensured. 11 public schools were reactivated.
- 35 child laborers were mainstreamed.
- 3 differently abled children were admitted in schools, disability certificates were ensured for 24 persons.
- 120 families were ensured 370 acres of land by mass campaigns.
- Promoted employment for the agriculture laborers in the back drop of severe drought situation, which included small and marginal farmers.
- 11 new Bala Sanghams (children's groups) were formed and 9 were strengthened
- Efforts to be made to reduce Infant Mortality Rate to 15 and further promote birth registrations.
- 95% children to be covered under complete immunization.
- Formation and reactivation of 20 ICDS centres in the operational area.
- 200 more child labourers to be freed from work force. 6 more villages to be made child marriage free.
- Campaign for social security measures for unorganized sector workers in 80 villages.
- Ensuring rights of the differently able children & implementation of the Persons with Disabilities (PWD) Act of 1995.
- Community awareness and action will be taken up against malnutrition.
- 60 drop outs to be enrolled in schools.
- 100% enrolment of children in public schools to be ensured in 10 more villages. 10 more public schools to be activated.
- To continue mandal level campaign on the common school system.
- Monitoring of 8 schools in 10 villages with respect to implementation of the RTE Act.
- Conducting baseline data collection in 20 newly covered villages.
- Formation and capacity building of 20 child groups and strengthening of all the 98 existing groups.
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