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SNEHA was conceived by Mr. Appala Naidu, a CRY Rippan Kapur Fellow since 1999. He took up child rights as an issue and strived to build the perspective of the parents and the community. He focused on education and health as they were the prime concerns in the operational area. The intervention reached a stage where it became necessary to address the larger issues affecting the community, without which the issues of empowerment of the poor could not be realized. To undertake community mobilization work on a larger scale and more effectively, the partnership with Mr. Naidu as a CRY Fellow was converted to an institutional partnership through SNEHA in 2006-07. The current focus is to take up the issue of the common school system (CSS), with particular reference to the privatization of education in the whole district by meeting and interfacing with various stakeholders like other NGOs, community based organizations (CBOs), teachers’ unions, students’ unions, media etc., to initiate a congenial atmosphere in the entire district to create a favorable opinion on CSS.


The state of Andhra Pradesh has a coast line of 974 Kms with the major port at Visakhapatnam. The government figures say that around 700 acres have already been acquired for the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and the big industrial/corporate houses are being wooed for development. The small and marginal farmers including the agricultural wage labor will be the worst hit. The fishermen will have to negotiate with dwindling fish catch and a shift in occupations is predicted which will lead to forced migration.

The coastal region also constitutes the Eastern Ghats (mountain slopes) which are rich in minerals like bauxite and granite. With mining being encouraged by the government, this will lead to vast displacement of the local communities. Majority of the people (dalits and tribals) will be forced to evacuate and migrate to the cities. This will also affect the eco system and create pollution to the maximum.

Agriculture is the major occupation of the people in the mandal. Fishing is the second major occupation. There are also toddy tappers, potters, washer men, masons, carpenters and other casual labor. The situation of small and marginalized families is becoming worse every year due to the consecutive drought conditions for the last 6 years and many of them have run into debt. Some of the farmers have sold their agricultural land and as no other work is available, they migrate to other places (seasonal migration).

The industries that are coming up in the area are violating the labor legislations and ecological norms. The issues of pollution, loss of livelihood of the fishing community, low wages, unorganized labor are understood to be the results of privatization of education and abdication of the governments responsibilities vis-à-vis the rights of the underprivileged communities.


  • Campaign against industrial pollution to improve the health of children and women
  • Strengthening of government schools, health facilities and local governance
  • Awareness and strengthening of community based organizations (CBOs) with an emphasis on village child protection committees (VCPCs)
  • Capacity building of the project team on issues of children’s rights
  • Alliance building at the regional level to understand and address the issues of child rights at the regional level


The following are the broad plans of Janarth for this year:
  • Enhancing the quality of life for children through focused intervention on health facilities.
  • To organize the unorganized and landless communities and ensure the implementation of the MW act and for land redistribution.
  • To campaign against privatization of education, health, industrial pollution and Special Economic Zones (SEZ).
  • To build capacities of the project team.
  • Create awareness on the provisions available for people with special needs.
  • To sensitize the community on discrimination issues.
  • Bala Sangha (children’s group) meetings.
  • To build awareness on children and community rights.
  • Strengthening of community based organizations (CBO’s).


  • Right to Development
  • Right to Survival
  • Right to Protection
  • Right to Participation
  • Advocacy
  • Capital Expenses
  • Administration
  • Total Annual Budget Approved