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SNEHA initiated its activities with a strong objective to oppose pollution and to protect the environment in view of the existing polluting industries present in the mandal. The issues of pollution and unionization of unorganized labor was taken up across the mandal in all the chemical plants. The Project Holder Appala Naidu has adopted some of the dynamics and strategies proven already in the sector, for having permanent pressure groups/ stakeholders’ committees’ right from the grassroots/village level. Identification of youth has taken place during the project period. SNEHA is currently operating in 36 villages covering 14 panchayats in Poosapatirega mandal. Its focus is to take up the issue of Common School System in the whole district by meeting and interfacing with various stakeholders like other NGOs, CBOs, teachers’ unions, students’ unions and media to create a congenial atmosphere in the entire district to initiate and create a favorable opinion on CSS.


Poosapatirega is one the most backward and drought prone Mandals in Vizianagaram District. People are predominantly engaged in agriculture and fishing. The practice of untouchability is still prevalent in some forms in the Mandal. The industrial pollution leads to outbreak of diseases like malaria, asthma, diarrhea and cholera. In such situations, people approach private medical institutions by paying hefty amounts. The children below 14 years of age are engaged in household chores and assist their parents for collection of Non Timber Forest Product (NTFP). High incidences of child marriage, sexual harassment are some alarming issues in the area. Child labor is high in Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST) and other backward communities (OBC) families. Children do not have access to education particularly in tribal habitats since the schools are far off from the villages. The schools are not child friendly. Many of the children drop out due to distance, lack of infrastructure (especially the girl children), and corporal punishment. Child abuses are also more and differently able children face discrimination in schools.


  • To strengthen all the Village Development Committees (VDCs) and Community Based Organizations (CBOs) by sensitizing them on child rights (CR) and building up their capacities to take up CR issues.
  • Promotion and strengthening of Child Rights Cadres to strengthen the child rights movement at the grass-root.
  • Strengthen and develop leadership skills in Children Collectives to enable them advocate for their rights and make them agents of change.
  • Expose through media the issues of lack of School infrastructure, Child rights violations, child marriages and pollution to build pressure on government to take appropriate actions.


The organization has been successful in monitoring schools to ensure that students get basic minimum hygiene and sanitation facilities. Low enrollment was addressed successfully and now the school is running. The Primary Health Centre (PHC) at Mandal headquarter is functioning well where 6 additional beds and a new building was sanctioned. Children collectives and Village Development Committees (VDC) are demanding for their entitlements. The operational area is exposed to the industrial pollution due to the chemical/ pharmaceutical companies situated in the area. The project has intervened at various levels by building pressure on the state through Pollution Control Board (PCB) and exposing the issues through media, with the active involvement of the communities. The companies have come forward to construct water treatment plants to address the issue of drinking water. Child trafficking has been successfully addressed in the project area with the VDC members getting involved and vigilant. Immunization and family welfare services also improved.

To highlight some of the major impacts of SNEHA’s intervention are:
  • 100% institutional deliveries done in 27 out of 36 hamlets.
  • New school buildings were sanctioned in 3 villages.
  • 406 children enrolled in Primary schools and 424 children got admitted in Upper Primary Schools.
  • 44 children have been mainstreamed, 18 were child labor and 26 were dropouts.
  • 28 out of 36 villages were made child-marriage-free.
  • 14 child sanghams were strengthened and all the child sanghams were very active.


  • Ensure birth registration to 75% of the new born children.
  • To highlight the cases of malnourished children and linking them to ICDS centres for supplementary nutrition support.
  • Reactivation of PHC and Sub centres for ensuring free and better health facilities to children and pregnant women.
  • Advocacy for 100% enrollment, re-enrollment of out of school children and ensure 100% retention of school children.
  • Interaction with education department for strengthening infrastructure of government schools.
  • Base line data collection, mass awareness and campaigns on issues of child rights violations with focus on Child Marriages and Child Drop Outs.
  • Monitoring of schools in the District with respect to Right To Education (RTE) Act implementation.
  • Identifying child trafficking cases and preventing cases of discriminations and atrocities against children. To advocate for 100% child marriage free villages in operational area.
  • Strengthening of Balala Sanghams.


  • Right to Development
  • Right to Survival
  • Right to Protection
  • Right to Participation
  • Administration
  • Total Annual Grant Approved