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Mr. P. Appala Naidu, the project holder, has been promoting children’s rights through community mobilization and empowerment. In 2007-08 the operational area was extended from 10 villages to 36 villages covering 14 panchayats in Poosapatirega mandal. The issues of pollution and unionization of the unorganized labor was taken up across the mandal in all the chemical plants. Identification of youth has taken place during the project period. SNEHA is currently operating in 36 villages covering 14 panchayats in Poosapatirega mandal. Its focus is to take up the issue of the common school system in the whole district by interfacing with various stakeholders like other NGOs, CBOs, teachers’ unions, students’ unions and the media to create a favorable opinion on CSS.


Poosapatirega is one the most backward and drought prone mandals in Vizianagaram District. People are predominantly engaged in agriculture and fishing. The practice of untouchability is still prevalent in some forms in the Mandal. The industrial pollution leads to outbreak of diseases like malaria, asthma, diarrhea and cholera. In such situations, people approach private medical institutions by paying hefty amounts. The children below 14 years of age are engaged in household chores and assist their parents for collection of Non Timber Forest Product (NTFP). High incidences of child marriage, sexual harassment are some alarming issues in the area. Child labor is high in the scheduled caste (SC), scheduled tribe (ST) and other backward community (OBC) families. Children do not have access to education, particularly in tribal habitats since the schools are far off from the villages. The schools are not child friendly. Many of the children drop out due to distance, lack of infrastructure (especially the girl children), and corporal punishment. Child abuse exists and differently abled children face discrimination in schools.


  • To strengthen all the Village Development Committees (VDCs) and Community Based Organizations (CBOs) by sensitizing them on child rights (CR) and build up their capacities to take up CR issues.
  • Strengthen the child rights movement at the grass-root.
  • Strengthen leadership skills in the Children Collectives to enable them advocate for their rights and make them agents of change.
  • Expose through media the issues of lack of school infrastructure, child rights violations, child marriages and pollution to build pressure on government agencies to take appropriate actions.


The organization has been successful in monitoring schools to ensure that students get basic minimum hygiene and sanitation facilities. Low enrollment was addressed successfully and now the school is running. The Primary Health Centre (PHC) at Mandal headquarter is functioning well where 6 additional beds and a new building was sanctioned. Children’s collectives and Village Development Committees (VDC) are seeking their entitlements. The operational area is exposed to industrial pollution due to the chemical/ pharmaceutical companies situated in the area. The project has intervened at various levels by building pressure on the state through the Pollution Control Board (PCB) and exposing the issues through media, with the active involvement of the communities. The companies have come forward to construct water treatment plants to address the issue of drinking water. Child trafficking has been successfully addressed in the project area with the VDC members getting involved and vigilant. Immunization and family welfare services have also improved.

To highlight some of the impact of SNEHA’s intervention in the review period:
  • 100% institutional deliveries done in 27 out of the 36 hamlets.
  • New school buildings were sanctioned in 3 villages.
  • 406 children were enrolled in public primary schools.
  • 424 children were admitted in Upper Primary Schools.
  • 44 children have been mainstreamed, 18 were child labor and 26 were dropouts.
  • 28 out of 36 villages were made child-marriage-free.
  • 14 child sanghams were strengthened and all the child sanghams were active.


  • Ensure birth registrations for 75% of the new born children.
  • To highlight the cases of malnourished children and link them to ICDS centres for supplementary nutrition support.
  • Reactivation of PHC and Sub centres for ensuring free and better health facilities to children and pregnant women.
  • Promote 100% enrollment, re-enrollment of out of school children and ensure 100% retention of school children.
  • Interaction with the education department for strengthening infrastructure of government schools.
  • Base line data collection, mass awareness campaigns on issues of child rights violations with focus on child marriage and child drop outs.
  • Monitoring of schools in the district with respect to the Right To Education (RTE) Act implementation.
  • Identifying child trafficking cases and preventing cases of discriminations and atrocities against children.
  • Promote 100% child marriage free villages in the operational area.
  • Strengthening of Bala Sanghams.


  • Right to Development
  • Right to Survival
  • Right to Protection
  • Right to Participation
  • Administration
  • Total Grant Approved