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SATHEE originated in the course of a Government of India sponsored research project ‘Ecological Survey of ‘Paharia’ community in Santhal Parganas’ during 1988–1991. Through this action research project, the research fellows and the Project Holder developed an in-depth understanding on the problems of the Paharia and other tribal communities living in and around the Rajmahal hills of Santhal Parganas. After working with these communities for around 4 - 5 years, SATHEE was conceived as an organization. Since inception, SATHEE has been working on various issues like pulse polio program and adult literacy. Currently SATHEE is a member of district level Malaria control committee, Polio eradication committee, State level advisory committee on technology promotion under the leadership of State Development Commissioner and is also representing as a member to monitor the Right to Food Campaign in Santhal Parganas. The founder, Dr. Niraj Kumar has years of experience in sustainable agriculture, watershed management and community development through various income generation schemes and vocational training for youth and women.


SATHEE works in 87 villages spread over 7 blocks of 5 districts of Jharkhand - Godda, Sahebganj, Pakur, Dumka and Deoghar. The main inhabitants are the Paharias, Santhal, Kol tribes and schedule castes. Their lives are centered around the forests they live in. However over the years they have been increasingly displaced out of their traditional homelands in the name of development. Vested interest groups have been capturing land as well as minor forest products like Mahua, cotton and bamboo over the years in a nexus with different forces of exploitation. Excavation for stones and mining have affected the ecosystem adversely and have led to further depletion of forest cover. Frequent droughts and scarcity of food, lack of adequate capital for agriculture and existence of limited fertile land (2-.3%) with the community lead to large scale migration of the tribal communities.

Due to lack of proper land records, illegal stone mining in Sahibgunj, lack of proper Govt schemes and ICDS services, children and women are the most vulnerable. Children suffer from malnutrition and various communicable diseases. Women and child trafficking is also rampant. Child abuse and women exploitation are common. The condition of health and educational institutions are deplorable in the area. Social Security programs meant for vulnerable families are not reaching the targeted beneficiaries. In summer there is scarcity of safe drinking water and traditional water harvesting systems from the hills and fountains gradually collapse. The inadequacy of employment opportunities, poor agricultural growth due to poor land management systems and continuous drought compel local inhabitants to migrate. SATHEE intervenes to ensure sustainable and dynamic development of vulnerable sectors of the community through ensuring their rights.


  • Addressing malnourishment among 0-6 children and reducing the cases of infant and maternal mortality
  • Ensure 100% immunisation (6 basic immunisation against 6 deadly diseases) among 0-24 months in 96 villages
  • Ensuring Access of all the 6-14 yrs children to schools through demanding neighbor hood schools in unreached villages
  • Ensuring facilities for children with disabilities
  • Mainstreaming of children working in stone quarries and mines with schools and food entitlements
  • To identify the child labor working in stone quarries to re-enrol them to formal schools
  • Raise the community awareness and mechanisms for checking child trafficking


  • 48 villages (out of the total 87 intervention villages) were made free from child labor
  • 130 child laborers were removed from work force and enrolled into schools
  • In 50 villages, no incidences of child marriages were reported
  • 381 children in age group 0-1 year were immunized
  • 751 children were linked to ICDS centers
  • 58 out of 75 schools got proper class rooms and school building
  • 58 schools have drinking water facilities and 49 schools got toilets facilities both for boys and girls
  • Of the total 51 SAM children identified, 35 were referred to Nutrition Rehabilitation Centres
  • 11 schools had special ramps constructed for physically challenged children while applications were submitted to the government department for many more
  • Out of 37 cases of child trafficking identified, 25 children were rehabilitated back into their families with pressure and intervention of local Gram Sabhas (village collectives)
  • 100% enrolment of all eligible children was ensured in 74 villages
  • 70 Bal Sangh (children’s groups) formed, of which 52 are actively functioning

CRY is partnering with SATHEE since 1998-99 and over the years Sathee has proved to be a result oriented programme on child rights. SATHEE in the course of its interventions towards addressing child rights issues has been able to touch the lives of all children and communities living within the reference area. In terms of outreach, SATHEE began its journey with 20 villages of 1 block and has now gradually spread over to 87 villages across 7 blocks of 5 districts. Because of the interventions of SATHEE towards ensuring rights of children, several lasting changes have been made possible in the operational area - extent of immunization has risen up to 70-80% from nil as before, even remote villages now have basic health services and ICDS centres within their vicinities, almost all Paharia villages have schools for children aged 6 - 14 years, 90% children are going to schools and overall awareness of the Paharia tribal communities has improved significantly on issues and adverse effects of child labour, child marriages and children’s collectives and community groups have jointly been able to curb child trafficking.


  • Ensuring universalization of ICDS services to all pregnant women, Lactating mothers, 7-36 months children and children in the age group of 37-60 months
  • Ensure 100% immunization (6 basic immunizations by the age of 9 months ) in 96 villages.
  • Ensure 100% Growth monitoring in all 40 ICDS centres, identify severely malnourished children and refer them to remedial centres for treatment
  • Developing model of pre schooling & early childhood care in 10 ICDS centers
  • Ensuring free, compulsory and quality education among 6-14 children
  • Demanding and faclitating appropriate infrastructure, class rooms, school building, Boundary, play ground, toilets, drinking water facilities for boys and girls in all schools
  • Ensuring facilities for children with disabilities
  • Strengthening of the local children’s forum and its active involvement in the decision making processes of gram sabha
  • To arrest child marriages totally
  • To identify the child labour working in stone quarries and to re-enroll them into formal schools.
  • To raise community awareness and develop mechanism for checking child trafficking


  • Right to Development
  • Right to Survival
  • Right to Protection
  • Right to Participation
  • Administration
  • Total Grant Approved