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SATHEE originated in the course of a Government of India sponsored research project ‘Ecological Survey of ‘Paharia’ community in Santhal Parganas’ during 1988–1991. Through this action research project, the research fellows and the Project Holder developed an in-depth understanding on the problems of the Paharia and other tribal communities living in and around the Rajmahal hills of Santhal Parganas. After working with these communities for around 4 - 5 years, SATHEE was conceived as an organization. Since inception, SATHEE has been working on various issues like pulse polio program and adult literacy. Currently SATHEE is a member of district level Malaria control committee, Polio eradication committee, State level advisory committee on technology promotion under the leadership of State Development Commissioner and is also representing as a member to monitor the Right to Food Campaign in Santhal Parganas. The founder, Dr. Niraj Kumar has years of experience in sustainable agriculture, watershed management and community development through various income generation schemes and vocational training for youth and women.


SATHEE works in 87 villages spread over 7 blocks of 5 districts of Jharkhand - Godda, Sahebganj, Pakur, Dumka and Deoghar. The main inhabitants are the Paharias, Santhal, Kol tribes and schedule castes. Their lives are centered around the forests they live in. However over the years they have been increasingly displaced out of their traditional homelands in the name of development. Vested interest groups have been capturing land as well as minor forest products like Mahua, cotton and bamboo over the years in a nexus with different forces of exploitation. Excavation for stones and mining have affected the ecosystem adversely and have led to further depletion of forest cover. Frequent droughts and scarcity of food, lack of adequate capital for agriculture and existence of limited fertile land (2-.3%) with the community lead to large scale migration of the tribal communities.

Due to lack of proper land records, illegal stone mining in Sahibgunj, lack of proper Govt schemes and ICDS services, children and women are the most vulnerable. Children suffer from malnutrition and various communicable diseases. Women and child trafficking is also rampant. Child abuse and women exploitation are common. The condition of health and educational institutions are deplorable in the area. Social Security programs meant for vulnerable families are not reaching the targeted beneficiaries. In summer there is scarcity of safe drinking water and traditional water harvesting systems from the hills and fountains gradually collapse. The inadequacy of employment opportunities, poor agricultural growth due to poor land management systems and continuous drought compel local inhabitants to migrate. SATHEE intervenes to ensure sustainable and dynamic development of vulnerable sectors of the community through ensuring their rights.


  • Demanding new AWCs/Mini centres in uncovered areas.
  • Ensure 100% immunisation (6 basic immunisation against 6 deadly diseases) among 0-24 months in 96 villages.
  • Ensure 100% growth monitoring in 40 AWCs.
  • Identifying SAM children through mid arm circumference measurement and referring in 40 centers.
  • Ensuring Access of all the 6-14 yrs children to schools through demanding neighbourhood schools in unreached villages.
  • Demanding the up gradation of primary schools to upper primary level.
  • Demanding the infrastructures, class rooms, school building, boundary, play ground, toilets, drinking water (separate for boys and girls).
  • Mainstreaming of children working in stone quarries and mines with schools and food entitlements.
  • Reviving gram sabhas in 100% villages.
  • To identify the child labor working in stone quarries to reenrol them to formal schools.
  • Raise the community awareness and mechanisms for checking child trafficking.

Review and Impact

  • In the age group of 1-2 about 90% children have completed immunization.
  • In 33 centers the AWW become aware to weigh the children and plot the weight in the growth monitoring chart, this has become possible due to the rigourous campaign organised on growth monitoring.
  • The project have identified 10 ICDS centers to be developed as model centers regarding the Pre schooling services.
  • During the regular growth monitoring on the VHND day, 51 SAM children were identified with the help of growth chart and MUAC tape, of which 35 are referred to the MTC.
  • 10 of the primary schools were upgraded in Upper primary.
  • Organised meetings of the SMC members on the issue of RTE.
  • In 23 schools the SMC has been formed with the participation of the SMC members and the plan.
  • 48 villages have been made child labour free.
  • 25 trafficked children were made to return home through gram sabha’a pressure; in some cases police cases were filed.

CRY is partnering with SATHEE since 1998-99 and over the years Sathee has proved to be a result oriented programme on child rights. SATHEE in the course of its interventions towards addressing child rights issues has been able to touch the lives of all children and communities living within the reference area. In terms of outreach, SATHEE began its journey with 20 villages of 1 block and has now gradually spread over to 87 villages across 7 blocks of 5 districts. Because of the interventions of SATHEE towards ensuring rights of children, several lasting changes have been made possible in the operational area - extent of immunization has risen up to 70-80% from nil as before, even remote villages now have basic health services and ICDS centres within their vicinities, almost all Paharia villages have schools for children aged 6 - 14 years, 90% children are going to schools and overall awareness of the Paharia tribal communities has improved significantly on issues and adverse effects of child labour, child marriages and children’s collectives and community groups have jointly been able to curb child trafficking.


  • More than 90% of the 0-2 years children to be fully immunized.
  • 100% Growth monitoring will be ensured .
  • SAM children identified and referral services initiated for all the children.
  • Enrolment of all the 6-14 years age out of school children to schools.
  • Achieving status of no single teacher school in 06 primary schools.
  • Upgradation of at least 16 primary schools to upper primary schools.
  • 50% of the children identified out of schools will be reenrolled.
  • To ensure 50 Villages of the project area to become child Marriage free.


  • Right to Survival
  • Right to Development
  • Right to Protection
  • Right to Participation
  • Administration
  • Total Annual Grant Approved