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18 villages in East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh
Thematic Focus: Education and Protection (Child Labor, Drop-out, Child Marriage)

Background of the Project:

The Society for Rural Agriculturists and Mass Awareness (SRAMA) was registered in the year 1999 by a group of individuals who believed in the ideology of Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar for the marginalized. Mr. Jillela Seshagiri Raohails is the project holder, who took up leadership responsibility of SRAMA in 2005 and has been guiding the organization work towards achieving its overall objectives. After the initiation of CRY program in 2010, he played a key role in perspective building among the project team and through them created widespread awareness on child rights issues in the project area. Since 2010, SRAMA has been taking the message of child rights into communities and has achieved impressive results on many child rights indicators. Some of the major achievements of SRAMA are reduction of infant mortality ratio to 1/1000 in the intervention area and ensuring 100 percent immunization. The organization has also been successful in reducing malnutrition among children of 0-6 year’s age, which has been brought down from 55% to 20%, and mainstreaming child labor and drop out. SRAMA has been also active in addressing the atrocities on Dalits like sexual exploitation of women, caste discrimination, and social evils like social and economic discrimination in the area.

Problem Statement:

Child Labor: There are 43 child labor in the operational area out of which 35 are boys and 8 are girls. Most of them are in the 15-18 years age-group and belong to the scheduled caste (SC), scheduled tribe (ST) and backward class (BC) communities. The children work in different sectors like the agriculture sector, brick kilns, construction etc. Children get between US $ 0.70 and US $ 1.40 per day in different works and that supplements the overall income of the family. Main reasons for child labors in the area are poor economic condition of the family, inaccessibility of high schools, and unavailability of alternative livelihood opportunities and ineffective implementation of employment guarantee program (NREGA) to benefit the families.

Dropout: There are 111 school dropouts in the project consisting of 59 boys and 52 girls. Among them, 98 children are in the 15-18 year age-group and 77% of the children who have dropped out are staying at home idle. Major causes of drop out in the area are poor economic family condition, family migration and schooling stopped due to child marriage.

Child Marriage: During 2016-17, 15 child marriages were reported out of which the project team was able to stop three temporarily but they were later conducted. 100% of the reported cases were that of girls’ and in 60% of the cases, the child was either a dropout or child labor at the time of marriage. There are communities like traditional fishing, yadav, reddika where child marriages are a common practice. The reasons for child marriages are increasing dowry; not able to meet education costs; death of parents and guardians wanted to get relieved of responsibility and caste tradition. The project has been putting efforts to sensitize communities and prevent child marriages in the area. However, more investments will be required to see significant positive results in the project area.

Achievements & Impact

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Areas: Reduce child labor, dropout and trafficking in the project area.

* Sensitize parents of child labor / drop outs and other parents on the importance of education especially girl child education.
* Conduct awareness programs / Kalajathas on child labor at community level.
* Engage with media to publish articles on importance of education / child labor situation.
* Identify and assist children to apply for social security entitlements. ( caste certificates, scholarships, bus pass, medical certificates for differently abled children)
* Sensitize and encourage teachers and School Management Committees (SMC) members to conduct regular meetings and encourage regular participation of parents in the teachers and SMC meetings.
* Advocate for Mandal / District level Convergence meetings between government departments / committees (CWC- Child Welfare Committee, DCPU – District Child Protection Unit, WCD – Women and Child Development Department, Police, Judiciary, Labor Department) on protection rights issues.
* Organize Capacity building on child rights issues specific to child trafficking, advocacy strategies and various best practices in addressing the issue.
* File RTI's and collect data from WCD, DCPU, Police and CWC on number of cases filed, number of children rescued, rehabilitated and from last 3- 5 years.
* Conduct desk level research on child trafficking issue and identify the source, transit and destination areas.

* 11 Kalajathas (awareness programs) were organized on child labor in which 957 people were sensitized.
* 2 sensitization activities were published by the media for Kapileswarapuram, a new mandal (block) in the project.
* Team identified and assisted children to apply for social security entitlements– 658 children have applied for caste certificates; 18 for bus passes; 13 for birth certificate; 75 for Aadhar Cards; 901 for SC, ST, BC scholarships; 9 for disable certificate; 181 children received free bicycles.
* 4 out of 47 schools could be improved in infrastructure facilities, especially girls' toilets and safe drinking water. Assessment of infrastructure needs was done and the issues were escalated to the concerned authorities.
* 26 teachers were sensitized on the issues of child labor and dropouts, and oriented to address the issues. They were encouraged to visit the concerned families and urge parents to send their children to schools. This resulted in re-enrollment of 9 drop-out and regularizing 4 irregular children in schools.
* 3 memorandums were submitted as advocacy with the Education Department for improvement of infrastructure facilities in schools and for appointing sufficient teachers and against closure of schools in the name of rationalization.
* Team did in-depth analysis on child trafficking issue in East Godavari district and efforts were initiated to form a network against child trafficking in a cluster covering Rajahmundry, Peddapuram, Kakinada, Rampachodavaram and Amalapuram areas.
* Concept note on child trafficking prepared and initial discussions with like minded organizations held for formation of networks in Rajahmundry, Amalapuram.
* 4 RTI’s were filed at district level and 7 RTI’s filed at divisional level on number of cases filed under ITPA (the Immoral Trafficking Prevention Act), number of children rescued, rehabilitated in last 3- 5 years.

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Areas: Create sensitized communities against the child marriages and avert at least 10% reported child marriages.

* Identify and assist families with vulnerability of child marriage to apply for social security benefits from government.
* Sensitize ICDS workers and other government health workers on child marriage issue and encourage family visits along with stakeholders like ICDS Workers, ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist), ANM, etc. to sensitize parents against child marriages.
* Conduct sensitization activities at Panchayat level on child marriage issue.

* 105 families were visited along with stakeholders like ICDS Workers, ASHA, ANM, etc. to sensitize parents against child marriages. 76 families were sensitized against traditions and customs that result in child marriages, harmful impacts of child marriage and against negative attitude towards girl children.
* 16 teachers from 9 schools have visited 22 families from 9 villages to counsel parents where child marriages might happen / were fixed.
* Communities started to recognize child marriage as a major problem in their villages. As a result 100 child marriages were identified out of which 88 were prevented, 8 were averted.

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Key Result Areas: Strengthened all Child Collectives in Alamuru Mandal.

* Promote leadership development among children (6-18 years) through trainings.
* Train child collective leaders in the process of conducting productive collective’s meetings.
* Organize sports and games for children during monthly child collective meetings.

* 13 child collectives and 3 adolescent collectives formed in Kapileswarapuram Mandal.
* 7 sessions on leadership qualities were conducted in 7 child collectives.
* Sports and game activities were conducted for children in 13 child collectives and 3 adolescent collectives during monthly child collective meetings.
* 2 drop outs were mainstreamed by the children collective process in Jonnada village (Alamuru block).

Major engagement meetings with the government:

One of the brick kilns in the project area was employing child labor. A preliminary assessment of the no. of children engaged and nature of their engagement as assessed and a report prepared. The project team lobbied using this report for action from government department against this child labor engagement. As a result, the Child Development Project Officer (CDPO) sent the local Anganwadi worker to do the survey in the brick kilns. As a result of the joining effort 17 children were admitted into preschool And another set of 7 Children who had dropped out and were engaged in child labor were mainstreamed.


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

5 Anganwadi Centers are transformed into Model Anganwadi Centers.

* Orient parents and PRI members on the importance of ECE program.
* Ensure admission of all children aged 3 year into the pre-school program of Anganwadi.
* Monitor Anganawadi centers and ensure availability of services.
* Establish rapport with Anganwadi Supervisors / Child Development Project Officers (CDPO) to guide Anganwadi Teachers on ECE pedagogy.

Reduce school dropout in the project area

* Track all children in the age group of 6-14 years for continuity of education (Pre-school to primary, primary to UP), and sensitize parents of school going children on the importance of continuity of education. Encourage teachers to visit families that have dropout in order to urge parents to send them back to school.
* Strengthen PMC (Parents monitoring committee) formerly known as SMCs (School Management Committees) by ensuring regular meetings and parents regular participation in meetings.
* Admit drop out who cannot be mainstreamed into schools into vocational courses.
* Guide children who completed 10th standard to apply for higher classes.
* Identify and assist needy children to apply for social security entitlements.

Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Reduce child labor in the project area.

* Collect information about children combining work with school.
* Conduct awareness programs / Kalajathas on child labor at community level and sensitize parents of child labor on the importance of education and ill-effects of child labor.
* Mainstream the identified child labor into schools. Encourage teachers and PRI members to visit families that have child labor in order to urge parents to send them back to school.
* Share child labor data with divisional labor officer.

300 children in child collectives covered under 5 life skills sessions

* Form new children collectives and adolescent collectives.
* Conduct regular child collective and adolescent collective meetings.
* Conduct life skills sessions on self-empowerment, proactive thinking skills, emotional intelligence, and interpersonal communication skills.

Financial Summary: January to December 2020

Budget Breakup 2020













Total Grant Approved