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Location

18 villages in East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh
Thematic Intervention: Education, Protection (Child Labor and Drop-out), and Participation


Project Context

The Society for Rural Agriculturists and Mass Awareness (SRAMA) was registered in the year 1999 by a group of individuals who believed in the ideology of Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar for the marginalized. Mr. Jillela Seshagiri Rao is the project holder, who took up leadership responsibility of SRAMA in 2005 and has been guiding the organization work towards achieving its overall objectives. After the initiation of CRY program in 2010, he played a key role in perspective building among the project team and through them created widespread awareness on child rights issues in the project area. Since 2010, SRAMA has been taking the message of child rights into communities and has achieved impressive results on many child rights indicators. Some of the major achievements of SRAMA are reduction of infant mortality ratio to 1/1000 in the intervention area and ensuring 100 percent immunization. The organization has also been successful in reducing malnutrition among children of 0-6 year’s age, which has been brought down from 55% to 20%, and mainstreaming child labor and drop out. SRAMA has been also active in addressing the atrocities on Dalits like sexual exploitation of women, caste discrimination, and social evils like social and economic discrimination in the area.

Problem Statement:


Child Labor: There are 115 child labor in the operational area out of which 83 are boys and 32 are girls. Most of them are in the 15-18 years age-group and belong to the scheduled caste (SC), scheduled tribe (ST) and backward class (BC) communities. The children work in different sectors like the agriculture sector, brick kilns, construction etc. Children get between US $ 0.70 and US $ 1.40 per day in different works and that supplements the overall income of the family. Main reasons for child laborers in the area are poor economic condition of the family, inaccessibility of high schools, and unavailability of alternative livelihood opportunities and ineffective implementation of employment guarantee program (NREGA) to benefit the families.
Dropout: There are 194 school dropouts in the project consisting of 164 boys and 91 girls. Among them, 132 children are in the 15-18 year age-group and 77% of the children who have dropped out are staying at home idle. Major causes of drop out in the area are poor economic family condition, family migration and schooling stopped due to child marriage.

Achievements & Impact


Result Area: 5 Anganwadi Centers are transformed into Model Anganwadi Centers.

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

● Orient parents and PRI members on the importance of ECCE program.
● Ensure admission of all children aged 3 year into the pre-school program of Anganwadi.
● Monitor Anganwadi centers and ensure availability of services.

● 476 parents were oriented on the importance of the ECCE (Early Childhood Care and Education) program. Team tracked children of 3-6 years age group. Monthly plans were in place and the team was accustomed to do this as per plan since ECCE is priority for the project.
● 48 children enrolled in AWCs during the period.
● 56 AWCs were visited on a monthly basis and various gaps in infrastructures were observed which were updated in the Anganwadi tracking indicators on quarterly basis.

● Establish rapport with Anganwadi Supervisors / Child Development Project Officers (CDPO) to guide Anganwadi Teachers on ECE (Early Childhood Education) pedagogy.

● 6 visits were done in the CDPO (Child Development Project Officer) office and 8 visits to Supervisor’s office and hence established rapport with them.
● 56 AWCs were monitored on ECE (Early Childhood Education) implementation. Team visited each center on a monthly basis and developed good rapport with each Anganwadi worker till the lockdown.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: Reduce school dropout in the project area

● Track all children in the age group of 6-14 years for continuity of education (Pre-school to primary, primary to UP), and sensitize parents of school going children on the importance of continuity of education. Encourage teachers to visit families that have dropouts in order to urge parents to send them back to school.
● Strengthen PMC (Parents monitoring committee) formerly known as SMCs (School Management Committees) by ensuring regular meetings and parents regular participation in meetings.
● Admit drop out who cannot be mainstreamed into schools into vocational courses.
● Guide children who completed 10th standard to apply for higher classes.
● Identify and assist needy children to apply for social security entitlements.

● 227 children transited from pre-school to primary school and 206 children transited from primary to upper primary.
● 1,768 out of 1824 children in age 6-14 years in the project area are going to school.
● 296 parents of dropout children were sensitized on the importance of education.
● 72 drop outs in 6-14 years and 5 drop outs in 15-18 years were re-enrolled. The achievement was due to “Ammavodi” scheme under which individual level counseling done through several home visits, sensitization on govt. provisions under RTE and various new schemes introduced by the Govt. of Andhra Pradesh.
● 7 Welfare assistants from the Grama Sachivalayam system were involved in mainstreaming dropouts.
● 12 Parents monitoring committee was strengthened by ensuring regular meetings and parents’ regular participation in meetings.
● Headmasters of 14 schools were met and discussed on how to increase the enrolment ratio in their schools.
● 51 drop-outs were sensitized to mainstream vocational courses and 1 child was enrolled into the same.
● Project team assisted 156 children in 10th, 139 children 11th, & 42 children of 12th standard appeared in their board exam.
● 180 children from 2 schools participated in career counseling sessions organized for 9th & 10th standard.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: Reduce child labor in the project area.

● Collect information about children combining work with school.
● Conduct awareness programs / Kalajathas on child labor at community level and sensitize parents of child labor on the importance of education and ill-effects of child labor.
● Mainstream the identified child labor into schools. Encourage teachers and PRI members to visit families that have child labor in order to urge parents to send them back to school.
● Share child labor data with divisional labor officer.

● 3 children were identified who are combining work with schools by collecting information about children combining work with school and analysis was done on a quarterly basis.
● 93 child labors and their parents were sensitized about the ill effects of child labor. As a result, 19 child labors’ parents understood the ill effects of child labor and are responding positively to the suggestions given by the team for mainstreaming the children in education.
● 7 children were mainstreamed and 8 children prevented from becoming child labor during lockdown.
● 19 teachers from 6 schools visited child labors’ families with an objective to motivate their children to re-enroll them in schools.
● 13 Panchayat Secretaries were oriented on child labor issue and their roles and responsibilities in addressing the issue. Team also requested them to establish display boards on child labor issues in their villages. All the Panchayat Secretaries agreed.
● 2 sensitization activities and 5 Kalajathas were organized on child labor issue during the reporting period.
● In addition to that, special programs were conducted on National Girl child day. A total of 1,023 community members (527 – female, 496-male) were sensitized on ill effects of the child labor.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

Result Area: 300 children in child collectives covered under 5 life skills sessions

● Form new children collectives and adolescent collectives.
● Conduct regular child collective and adolescent collective meetings.
● Conduct life skills sessions on self-empowerment, proactive thinking skills, emotional intelligence, and interpersonal communication skills.

● 5 new child collectives were formed in Valluru, Satyanarayanapuram, Nalluru, Nelaturu and Narayananalanka.
● Conducted regular meetings in 13 child collectives before lockdown.
● 3 adolescent collectives’ meetings, once in two months basis, happened before lockdown due to Covid-19 pandemic was ordered by the government.
● Team established rapport with child collective members in Alamuru Mandal and Kapileswarapuram Mandal and implemented life skills modules in 18 child collectives of Kapileswarapuram and 35 child collectives of Alamuru.

Support Provided during Covid-19:


Team was able to reach out to all the villages and brick kilns and provided COVID relief services to children, and pregnant and lactating mothers in the operational area as well as addressed brick kilns workers’ issues in Alamuru Mandal. Some important Covid related services SRAMA team delivered were as follows -

● Team mobilized donations in kind worth INR 6,05,740/- (approx. US $ 8,300) and provided dry ration, vegetables, eggs, milk to 1,767 families.
● Distributed nutrition food basket to 149 pregnant and lactating mothers in 24 villages from Alamuru and Kapileswarapuram Mandals.
● SRAMA intervened in 26 brick kilns in Alamuru Block during the lockdown. Raised local donations in the form of fruits, vegetables and dry fruits and distributed to pregnant and lactating women in 22 brick kilns in Alamuru Block. Team worked along with ICDS authorities and ensured eggs and milk provision to pregnant and lactating women in 22 brick kilns. SRAMA liaised with Block level authorities and ensured ration for the families in 22 brick kilns.
● Flood relief services were ensured to 5 villages during pandemic times and 750 families received vegetables, rice and food pockets for 1 week.
● With the support of CRY COVID relief grant, Project has distributed 16,000 surgical masks to 303 health staff in 7 hospitals in Alamuru and Kapileswarapuram Mandal.
● In the second phase of CRY COVID relief grant, project distributed soaps to 1,673 families and liquid hand wash to 296 ANM’s, ASHA, Anganwadi workers and ICDS Ayah (Help). Project also distributed sanitary pads to 790 adolescent girls in the project operational area.

Case Story:


Far from home – Ensuring brick kilns workers to reach home safely during lock down.

In Alamuru Mandal, a total of 250 brick kilns are present, in which 1,500 families from various districts and states are working as brick kilns workers. They used to come along with their families in the month of September and October and work up to July. Brick kiln owners through mediators pay INR 25,000/- (approx. US $ 340) as an advance to them and for the remaining amount they used to pay to the families on a weekly basis for which they make agreement with the families. Migrant brick kiln workers already had problems due to sand shortage which affected the construction sector badly. Added to that, the COVID has brought the brick kiln works to almost complete halt and all of them did not have enough work to do. As there was no business, owners of the brick kilns used to give them only Rs. 250/- per week with which they had to fend their family. Though all of them wanted to go back to their home, they could not due to lock down restrictions and were stranded in the brick kilns.



Considering the problem being faced by the brick kiln workers, SRAMA director and joint secretary had convinced the brick kiln workers to bear the transport expenses and also settle the full amount. Then, they spoke to the Mandal Revenue Officer (MRO) and facilitated the travel permission from the district authority. As a result, 51 families from 4 brick kilns went to their villages in Saluru Mandal in Visakhapatnam district, in which 120 brick kiln workers and 20 children in the





Plans


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Goal Area- Education

Strengthen the Pre-school education in the project area.

● Orient parents on the importance of ECE programs.
● Ensure admission of 3+ children into pre-school program of Anganwadi.
● Submit requisitions to government for new Anganwadi centers and conversion of mini Anganwadi centers into main centers.
● Submit requisitions to government for better infrastructure facilities in Anganwadi centers.
● Orient Anganwadi teachers on Early Childhood Education (ECE) program components. (9 components).
● Monitor implementation of ECE program components in ICDS centers.
● Orient parents, elected PRI members, CBO , village volunteers on the importance of ECE program.

Ensure 100% enrolment, retention and transition of children in the age-group 6-14 years and prevent drop out among them

● Identify irregular children in schools and take measures to streamline them.
● Sensitize parents of dropout on the importance of education.
● Sensitize parents of school going children on the importance of continuity of education especially girl child education
● Identify and assist children to apply for social security entitlements.
● Ensure re enrolment of drop out children.
● Involve CBOs/ PRI/Government Village Volunteers in mainstreaming the dropout.
● Ensure transition of children from primary to upper primary school.

Ensure 100% enrolment, retention and transition of children in the age-group 15-18 years and prevent drop out among them. Assist 10th and 12th board examination students for 100% pass out and joining next school / college.

● Mainstream long-term out of school children to alternative courses
● Track all children in the age group of 15-18 years and ensure their transition from upper primary to high school and high school to other higher education courses.
● Guide children who completed 10th standard to apply for higher education courses.
● Organize career counseling sessions to 9th and 10th class children once in a year.

Strengthen stakeholder engagement for improving learning environment

● Strengthen Parents Monitoring Committee (PMC) / School Management Committees (SMCs)
● Ensure PMC / SMC members’ participation in School Development Plans development.
● Encourage CBOs to mobilize parents to admit their children in government schools.
● Ensure improved infrastructure facilities in schools (especially toilets as per students' ratio, sufficiency of teachers and free supply of sanitary napkins.)
● Protect schools under threat of closure from being closed.
● Regular monitoring of social welfare hostels / residential schools by project team members.
● Ensure improved infrastructure facilities in hostels especially building in good condition and compound walls.



Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Goal Area : Protection (Child Labor)

Improve understanding of child labor situation in the project area and implement stakeholder engagement programs to prevent & rescue children from child labor and mainstream them

● Vulnerability assessment for child labor to identify children at risk of becoming child labor.
● Share with parents the results of vulnerability assessment report to sensitize them on the implications of child labor
● Conduct awareness programs / Kalajathas on child labor at community level.
● Mainstream the identified child labor into schools by involving CBOs, Teachers, elected PRI representatives and village volunteers in the process.
● Share child labor data of 6-14 and 15-18 years children with divisional labor officer (separately for hazardous and non-hazardous occupations)
● Request for convergence meeting with other concerned departments under the supervision of district Labor Officer as per CLPRA Act and ICPS and ensure at least one meeting happens at District level and one meeting at Mandal level during the year.
● Formation /reactivation/ strengthening of Village level Child Protection Committee (VCPC).
● Provide training to government village volunteers, concerned Gram Sachivalayam staff and cluster resource person on child rights and protection issues.

Goal Area : Participation (Children Collectives)

Strengthen children collectives and adolescent girls' collectives and improve life skills among children and adolescents.

● Conduct regular child collective and adolescent girls' groups meetings.
● Form new child collectives and adolescent girls' groups.
● Identify sports talents in children and encourage them to participate in the school and outside events.
● Implement Life Skills Modules in child collectives:
o Self-empowerment: Self-esteem & Self-responsibility
o Proactive thinking skills: Self-awareness
● Implement Life Skills Modules in adolescent collectives:
o Changes in puberty: Respecting boundaries

Total amount disbursed in 2020 - 23,775


Financial Summary: January to December 2021


Budget Breakup 2021

Protection

7,950

33%

Participation

11,643

48%

Administration

4,868

20%

Total Grant Approved

24,461

100%